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Informal Learning – the other 80%

Jay Cross

The start-up stiffed me but the paper morphed into the Informal Learning book. think it’s held up rather well. I’ll be leading a series of master classes on informal learning and working smarter in Europe. Informal Learning – the other 80%. Because organizations are oblivious to informal learning, they fail to invest in it. “Informal Learning.”

Information on E-Learning and WCAG 2.0 Compliance in Australia

Connect Thinking

For example, some Flash interactions such as many games are currently no longer usable as they cannot be read by text to speech readers such as JAWS. checklist for more information. If your organisation is using old operating environments such as Windows XP, Office 2003 and Internet Explorer 6-8, then you may have problems even having the capability of complying with WCAG 2.0.

From information to knowledge and the democratization of learning


We live in the era of the ‘Information Revolution’. For the first time in history billions of people around the globe have access to tons of information digitally stored in what we already call “the cloud” One could reasonably expect unprecedented growth and prosperity for the global economy! We try to make this informal knowledge searchable and transferable.

Linear vs Non-linear learning design


The instructional designer determines the flow of information from the start to the end. This means that if the learner clicks, for example, on the page 5, there is no connection between other randomly opened pages. Picture 1: An example of two-dimensional linear design. 2. Picture 2: An example of three-dimensional learning model. Each approach is good for some reason.

New research explores the common myths and realities around the 70:20:10 learning model

through informal channels, on-the-job experience. that’s powered by social and informal learning. Companies should couple social and informal. For example, organisations. Since 2003, the Towards Maturity benchmarking process has sought to discover which. Data from a sample of 1,681 learners taking part in a Towards Maturity Learning Landscape Audit during 2015.

70:20:10 - Beyond the Blend

Performance Learning Productivity

There are many other examples of ‘blending’ learning stretching back into the past, too. In 2003 the UK Department of Education and Training defined it as “ learning which combines online and face-to-face approaches ”. Of course the ‘blending’ concept has been around for much longer than the past few years. In terms of new delivery approaches, blending offers up new horizons.

Is E-learning Implementation in Your Organization Smooth?

CommLab India

Note: The bold arrows indicate direct influence, while the dotted arrows indicate indirect influence (Mungania, 2003). For example, an employee of a technological company is less likely to oppose e-learning as against an individual in an oil and gas organization. If they are not informed of why the organization has decided to make this change, they will not lend their support.

What Games Can Teach Us about “Communicating” with Learners

Kapp Notes

Calm Messaging –Games tend to provide information and messages to players in an unobtrusive manner that doesn’t require the player to dismiss, acknowledge or click on them. In most e-learning interfaces, you must click on something to see information, the interface is not aware it just demands clicks. Here are some of the ideas. learning, not so much. Dyck, J., Pinelle, D.,

Game Based Learning – Why Does it Work?

Bottom-Line Performance

In a simulation, for example, the simulation is set up to mimic the real-world or real-world challenges. This replication gives us context, and context makes it easier to retrieve information later. [i] Van Eck, Richard (2006). and Driscoll, M (1988) Essentials of Learning for Instruction (2 nd ed), Prentice Hall. [iv] Clark, Ruth and Mayer, Richard (2003). Triumphing.

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SharePoint. Useful or useless for corporate learning?

SharePoint and Assessment

My first contact with SharePoint (2003 version)was at U&I Learning. If you build it correctly, you can have a mixture of formal and informal learning. We often give the example of information about specific topic like Project Management. So if you don’t need that information, you really don’t need a learning management system. Danny, what is your background?

SharePoint. Useful or useless for corporate learning?

SharePoint and Assessment

My first contact with SharePoint (2003 version)was at U&I Learning. If you build it correctly, you can have a mixture of formal and informal learning. We often give the example of information about specific topic like Project Management. So if you don’t need that information, you really don’t need a learning management system. Danny, what is your background?

The teacher as storyteller

Clive on Learning

Back in 2003, I devoted a great deal of energy to the design of a new CD-ROM course entitled Ten Ways to Avoid Death by PowerPoint. That''s why it''s so much more difficult to run a workshop for the first time - it can take quite a while to come up with all those anecdotes and examples that bring the event to life. In my research, I came across a post I originally published in 2005.

River City Project – An Example of MUVE

Speak Out

River City is the most popular example of an educational MUVE. To gain information, they can click on an objective that contains a hyperlink. For example, they can check the pollution levels in water, the number of patients admitted in hospitals, and so on. It has around fifty digital objects and data collection stations provide detailed information on water samples across the world. I was able to view a screen grab of a lab at River City. The right side of the screen displayed the lab in which the learner could test samples.

SMEs Are Not Instructional Designers

Association eLearning

We all know that Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) provide the content that makes a course informative. But sometimes, their content may get a little too much “in the weeds,” and you find yourself bogged down with a mountain of information that’s “nice to know, but not need to know” for your learners. Work Together to Limit Information. Bio Latest Posts.

How To Build a Serious Game: Part 1


Instruction Design principles, for example like the ADDIE model (analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation) provide valuable inputs to a serious game. Research in game design (by Zimmerman, 2003) reveals that a game developed in iterations, traps ambiguity by defining its solution. The goal is to encourage learners to utilize the information in a real world setting.


Improving Informal Learning

Big Dog, Little Dog

Harold notes the 80-20 funding ratio between formal and informal learning and Will Thalheimer questions this funding differential in the comment section. That is, 20% of the learning in organizations is formal, while 80% is informal; however, organizations spend 80% on formal learning and only 20% on informal, thus it looks something like this: Chart 1. 2003). 1990).

Cammy Beans Learning Visions: Humble Learning Moment

Learning Visions

Ive been reading e-Learning and the Science of Instruction (2003) by Ruth Clark and Richard Mayer. The old theory: Up until now, Ive gone along with that concept of learning styles , which the books authors tell me is based on the information delivery theory. Ive always included kinesthetic on the list as well.) So when designing a program with different learning styles in mind, one presents information in multiple formats: both as onscreen text and audio along with an illustrative graphic. Each channel can only process and handle so much information at once.

Writing and Grammar: List Lovers Unite!

I Came, I Saw, I Learned

For example, one of my colleagues tells me that if she needs the answers to three questions she is sending by email, she makes sure to mention that there are three questions and to put each question in a separate paragraph (or bullet point). Here is an example of an email message unlikely to get timely and thorough answers: In reviewing your article (which I enjoyed very much) I found several areas that need attention. For example, I noticed that the page number was omitted for the quote in the first paragraph. Could you please send the missing information to me by Friday?

The future of intelligence

Learning with e's

In his seminal work, Natural Born Cyborgs (2003), Clark sees a future that combines the best features of human and machine, where we literally wear or physically internalise our technologies. There are examples of how such cyborg existence might come about. 2003) Natural Born Cyborgs: Minds, Technologies and the Future of Human Intelligence. He is right. References Clark, A. J.

Shifting work

Learning and Working on the Web

Jobs in manufacturing, information processing, or other types of routine work are quickly disappearing. Supporting informal learning and helping connect implicit knowledge amongst workers are becoming business imperatives. Our work structures need to support informal learning so people can share implicit knowledge while creating intangible value. Today it is less than 10%.

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Front-End Analysis: Improving Performance

Social Learning

These are some examples of the types of performance problems that will occur, just, because of the very nature of an ERP system. This is an updated version of the BEM described by Roger Chevalier (2003). Chevalier says that information, resources, and incentives are usually cheaper to fix than individual factors. May/June 2003). The Human Performance Technology Model.

xAPI, LRS – The Interview

eLearning 24-7

Part of the problem though is that there is a lot of information out there, some of it erroneous in nature and honestly, equally confusing.   In early December, I decided to present the real facts, the real insight and eradicate the confusion. In 2003, the eLearning startup I worked for shuttered its doors as our customers moved to adopt SCORM, and we had no idea how to do that.

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Don’t Overcomplicate Leadership Development

CLO Magazine

As Eric Schmidt, then-CEO of Google, said at a 2011 technology conference, humans create as much information every 48 hours as was created between the dawn of civilization and 2003. For example, Google’s homepage is a white backdrop, a text box and two buttons. Results of an informal December LinkedIn poll indicate that companies haven’t mastered this. Based on a sample of 12 leaders, 58 percent rated their company’s leadership development programs as “somewhat” or “very” complicated. What is a simplicity mindset?

Writing & Grammar Workshop: Converting Empty Phrases to Gold

I Came, I Saw, I Learned

Empty words and phrases, such as the ones in bold in the preceding sentence, delay giving your readers the information they want, create a boring tone, and make your material seem vague and difficult. For example, my first sentence could have been Empty phrases decrease the reader's interest in your topic. Let's try that on another example. Does the article give three or five or ten examples of how batch processing is important ? by Jennie Ruby. Then say those things instead. This article relates to the ways batch processing is important in Photoshop.

Power of informal learning in developing managers

Jay Cross's Informal Learning

Here’s a six-year old article on informal learning I discovered while Googling for material on learning transfer. Informal Learning and the Transfer of Learning: How Managers Develop Proficiency. 14, no. 4, Winter 2003. Formal classroom training is the mode of instruction most widely used by corporations to develop managers (Bassi & Van Buren, 1999), but researchers suggest that most managerial learning takes place informally (Lowy, Kelleher, & Finestone, 1986; McCall, Lombardo, & Morrison, 1988). For example, McCall et al. Michael D.

Writing and Grammar: More on Lists, Bullets, and Tufte

I Came, I Saw, I Learned

" She goes on to say that "A list is an invaluable means of presenting information when it is used properly. The goal of a presentation is to convey information to the consumer in the manner that works best for the delivery of the content. For example: In 1940, 4,000 molecules per million of carbon in the atmosphere. The presenter should determine if bullet points are the right choice for conveying this particular piece of information. What is the best method for conveying this information to this audience?  Sometimes bullets are not effective.

Are Learning and Entertainment Mutually Exclusive?

Bottom-Line Performance

Let’s consider a couple examples. Very entertaining, but it overwhelms the learner’s cognitive abilities to process information and suppresses learning. (1). Present information graphically where possible, but ensure the message isn’t lost in the aesthetics. Mayer , e-Learning and the Science of Instruction ,  (San Francisco, CA, Pfeiffer Publishing/John Wiley & Sons, 2003). Jennifer’s post titled Corporate Training – Journalism or Entertainment , really got me thinking about learning versus entertainment. Are they congruous or exclusive? Where is the balance?

Emotional Intelligence: The Real Performance Indicator

CLO Magazine

Blasi said Six Seconds collected information through engagement surveys and helped the company efficiently address emotional issues. When Vice President of Human Resources Sherry Miller joined auto dealer Park Place Dealerships in Dallas in 2003, it was not the award-winning company it is today. One example would be the phrase “With this ring, I thee wed.” Higher emotional intelligence improves communication, bolsters morale and changes an unhealthy environment. “In every decision, emotions count,” Ghini said. ” Ghini said. ” Poskey said.

What is the theory that underpins our moocs?

George Siemens

While we debate pedagogical models and the ideologies informing different MOOCs and the corporate interests of open courses, the lives of students in different parts of the world are being changed with these projects. Our MOOCs are informed by connectivist views of learning, namely, that knowledge is distributed and learning is the process of navigating, growing, and pruning connections.

Captions: On or Off?

Enspire Learning

Having captions “On” in e-learning modules hinders learning, in part because when learners are reading text, they are missing the visual content that – if well designed –has been created to convey information in ways that the voice over (text) cannot. According to cognitive learning theory, our brains have limitations when processing new information. True or False? Here’s why: 1.

Writing and Grammar: Responses from United List Lovers

I Came, I Saw, I Learned

For example,  Josie Chaney  writes: I agree with you whole-heartedly. think Tufte is an anachronism. I do however agree with him regarding avoiding the "rollout" of information on each slide; I do think it's too controlling and that there's benefit to allowing the audience to "read ahead" in their attempt to understand and relate bits of info together. also don't like the repetition of information much; I've seen whole presentations which seem just to repeat buzz-word bullet points and leave crucial questions unanswered.

Writing & Grammar Workshop: Acronyms Happen

I Came, I Saw, I Learned

Yet they can be a barrier to a reader who is trying to absorb technical information or to a learner who is encountering new terms for the first time.  For example, below is a paragraph similar to the paragraph you are reading now, but using acronyms: The use of acronyms (UOA) can be a problem for readers of technical writing (RTW) and LENTs (learners encountering new terms for the first time). For example, in web design the abbreviation CSS is used more often than the name it stands for, Cascading Style Sheets. What can we do to help the reader?

I need some help

George Siemens

In 2003 I posted a few articles online on open source movements and learning: Open source p.I , Open Source p.II , and Why we should share learning material. But while there have been great examples of open source projects (like Wikipedia) fuel[l]ed by the wisdom of crowds, there are many examples where open source culture has fostered nasty group dynamics and mediocre collaborations. Have we glorified open-source software, free information and collective work at the expense of individual creativity? have benefitted enormously from open learning.

Writing & Grammar: Less than or Fewer?

I Came, I Saw, I Learned

Here are some examples with money: She gave the clerk less than $50. You are really counting the number of bills, rather than the amount of money.] I hope this information means you can spend fewer minutes thinking about this question and thus waste less time! About the Author:  Jennie Ruby is a veteran IconLogic trainer and author with titles such as "Editing with Word 2003 and Acrobat 7" and "Editing with MS Word 2007 " to her credit. by Jennie Ruby. Usually, you should use fewer with things you can count: I have fewer CDs than my roommate.



The workshop ended by providing an overview of various approaches to game design, using plenty of examples along the way. Since inception in 2003, it has successfully delivered and deployed over 10,000 hours of learning content for a wide range of industries including Advertising, Automotive, Banking, Defence, Education, Engineering, Glass Technology, Healthcare, Hospitality, HR Services, Insurance, Information Technology, Manufacturing, Nuclear Energy, Oil and Gas, Retail, Safety, Soft Skills and Telecom. Chennai (India). – 29th July 2016. – 5th August 2016.

PowerPoint Converter: FAQs and Tutorial

DigitalChalk eLearning

Stay tuned in the coming weeks for additional information on how to import your presentation. Frequently Asked Questions. Q: What formats can be converted? A: PPTX files, or PPT files from Office 2003 or later. Q: What can they be converted into? A: There are several options: From the Manage Course Elements page, “Import a Web Archive” will convert the PPT into a Web Archive.


EPSS and ePerformance

Tony Karrer

Searching on eperformance I ran across your 2003 LearningCircuits blog entries (E-Performance Essentials) separating eperformance into edevelopment, einteraction and esupport. While I highly respect Gloria Gery's work, I think she did us a disservice by continually pointing to Turbo Tax as THE example of EPSS. For example, one of the systems that we built helped retail store managers improve customer satisfaction through planning, goal setting, communication support, eCoaching, etc. We could use EPSS as a term, but it seems a bit old, and a bit engineering-like.

Your character strengths

Jay Cross

Examples of strength-based practices embedded in PPT include the  forgiveness letter , using one’s signature strengths to offer  the gift of time , and the  one door closes, another door opens  strategy to boost the strength of hope. The correlations given were from a sample of 3907 individuals; see article for data on two additional samples. More information.

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Can Music Make for Better Learners?

CLO Magazine

” From there, Henshall went on to create Rocket Network, a technology that networks audio recording studios (he sold it to music software company Avid in 2003). Henshall said if an individual listens to jazz, for example, and is used to listening to legendary jazz trumpeter Miles Davis, perhaps instrumental electronica or tribal music might be better for focus. Henshall said his team has yet to determine if the music in the focus@will library actually helps people, from a purely scientific perspective, learn and retain information better.

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