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What is a Cognitive Apprenticeship?

Kapp Notes

The concept of cognitive apprenticeship is grounded in the theory of Situated Cognition. Situated cognition is a theory of instruction that suggests learning is naturally tied to authentic activity, context, and culture. To grasp subjects, learners need much more than abstract concepts and self-contained examples, they need to be exposed to the use of the information and cognitive tools in an authentic activity. Authentic activities provide learning opportunities in a way that textbook examples and declarative explanations cannot.

Situated Learning: Essential for a Learning Culture

The Peformance Improvement

John Seely Brown , Allan Collins, and Paul Duguid labeled this kind of learning: “ situated cognition ”. Because tools and the way they are used reflect the particular accumulated insights of communities, it is not possible to use a tool appropriately without understanding the community or culture in which it is used. One example of this technology is KnowledgeStar TM.

Hiring for a Learning Culture

The Peformance Improvement

One of the keys to creating and sustaining a learning culture is hiring people who are continuous learners and who help others learn continuously. Edgar Wilson, in a post on e.Mile , writes that a “healthy” learning culture has four features:  . Ask about examples of these behaviors in their work. thing we look for is general cognitive ability, and it’s not I.Q.

7 Challenges to Social Learning

Origin Learning

Social Learning is a self-propagating concept, that is- once a social learning culture is achieved in an organization. At times, managers and executives are keen to develop a social learning culture , but all employees may not be very motivated to adopt it, especially the introvert, shy and under-confident ones. Garnering support from seniors. The most important one. Intangibility.

Your Ticket to Great Instructional Design

Origin Learning

Allowing for mistakes is another mark of a good learning culture; it is inherent human nature to learn and retain best from our own mistakes. Give them facts, instances, stories and examples that they can directly relate to. Cognitive Load Theory warns against the dangers of overloading learners with too much information. Instructional design is certainly not an easy business.

Sahana Chattopadhyay – Crystal Balling with Learnnovators


This includes areas of her expertise from the effectiveness of MOOCs in corporate learning to informal learning, collaboration, community management and organizational culture. The focus must be on people, mindset and culture. Learnnovators: You seem to be passionate about discussing organizational culture. An entrepreneurial mindset will permeate the culture. Probably!


Wonderful Brain

Let’s not forget the climate for innovation and the dissemination of knowledge will only thrive when there is a culture of collaboration. Example: After the introduction of a new financial product in the U.S., it became evident advisors could neither understand how it could benefit their prospects or client base, nor create an adequate story from which to describe its value. Change Cognition Consulting Development KNowledge Management change management decision makingThe benefits of knowledge management (KM) are a monster value-add to any organization. Conclusion.

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The Learning Curve and The Pivot Point

The Peformance Improvement

When Stephen Gill and I were researching and writing our latest book, Only Smart Companies Win, about what it means to create and work in a “Learning Culture”, we tried to imagine what it would mean to develop training programs in that culture. In the current Training Culture's formal [1] ‘push’ model, training is pushed or chosen for the trainees. The upshot is eye-opening.

How to Revolutionise Workplace Learning

Marcia Conner

Marcia: Years ago, workplace educators began to segment what they provided employees into artificial and misleading categories, for example “formal” and “informal” learning, or “e-learning” “blended learning” or “social learning”. What is it about common workplace cultures that “sucks” the most, and how can it be changed? change culture learningFrom the OEB16 News.

Cognitive Load Theory Coming Under Withering Attacks

Will at Work Learning

Here are some recent criticisms of Cognitive Load Theory: -- Ton de Jong says: What has cognitive load theory brought to the field of educational design? The three main recommendations that come from cognitive load theory are: present material that aligns with the prior knowledge of the learner (intrinsic load), avoid non-essential and confusing information (extraneous load), and stimulate processes that lead to conceptually rich and deep knowledge (germane load). In his study, Ayres introduces part-tasks as one of the initial approaches to lower cognitive load.

7 Top Benefits Of Collaborative eLearning

EI Design

They also have the ability to share their skills and knowledge for the improvement of others, which creates a stronger learning culture. For example, delegating responsibilities and managing their time effectively. For example, one online learner may approach a problem from a unique angle, thanks to their life experience and cultural background. Builds Teamwork Skills.

Cognitive Age, Training, Memory, Instructional Technologies, & Captcha

Big Dog, Little Dog

The Cognitive Age - New York Times. We're moving into a more demanding cognitive age. But the cognitive age paradigm emphasizes psychology, culture and pedagogy - the specific processes that foster learning. Those who had learned through examples performed little better than might be expected if they were simply guessing. Training Zone.


Wonderful Brain

Here’s an example of, at least for me, the best kind of informal learning. One might be told to look elsewhere for examples and so on, but nonetheless it’s scripted. Just like “Midnight in Paris,” was a nucleus from which students set off on explorations of culture, history, literature, art, and architecture, each strand could then be explored in depth, individually. Change Cognition Development Disruptive Learning Distributed Online Learning Education adult learners creativity critical acts decision making deconstructed learning learning storytelling student participatio

7 Knowledge Retention Techniques For eLearning

Obsidian Learning

Just make sure that your visual representations don’t include too much data , or else you run the risk of triggering cognitive overload. Research your target audience beforehand to determine what is culturally appropriate. All of this helps to prevent cognitive overload , as it is inherently designed to provide bite-sized knowledge spread out over time. Chart it!

Changing Culture: Scaling Up Excellence

Clark Quinn

I’ve found myself  picking up books about how to change culture, as it seems to be the big barrier to a successful revolution.  I’ve finished a quick read of  Scaling Up Excellence , am in the midst of Change the Culture, Change the Game , and have Reinventing Organizations and Organize for Complexity (the latter two recommended by my colleague Harold Jarche ) on deck. Another suite of principles include cutting the cognitive load to getting things done the right way, mixing together emotional issues with clever approach, connecting people. strategy

I Believe that Learning is Inherently Social

Tom Spiglanin

Returning to the examples above, what we glean from reading alone is based on our own understanding and in the context of what we already know. As a loyal Starbucks customer, I see their barista training as one such example. Nearly “Human agency in social cognitive theory.” As we grew, lessons in school became more complex and required more time for homework. 1991).

10 Ways To Design For Emotions (Part III)

The eLearning Coach

For example, if group members are reviewing each others work, encourage them to offer detailed  explanations rather than superficial comments like, “Nice work.&# See 10 Social Media Tools for Learning and Social Media and Learning for more on the social approach to learning. 4. Tags: COGNITION DESIGN emotion These have the potential to facilitate learning and performance.

Brain Based Learning and Neuroscience – What the Research Says!

Will at Work Learning

Let me give you an example related to the topic of brain science. This work is generally not relevant to workplace learning professionals—as we tend to be more interested in learners with normal cognitive functioning. When cognitive psychologists portray themselves as neuroscientists. This is just one example of many that I might have used. Cognition, 129 (3), 501-511.

How to pair social learning with your LMS for a more engaged workforce


What is social learning and how can it help develop a culture of learning? Social learning is a theory by psychologist Albert Bandura that suggests learning is a cognitive process that takes place in a social context and can occur purely through observation or direct instruction, even in the absence of motor reproduction or direct reinforcement. Learning by example. Basically, Bandura’s theory is that human beings can learn by example. Learning becomes a part of the organization culture. Social learning is the 20% within the 70+20+10 learning model.

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Blooms Taxonomy: The Science of Learning Objectives – Part 4

CommLab India

We have also seen the six levels of the cognitive domain of Bloom’s Taxonomy, viz.  Examples of behavior at this level are listening to the instructor and asking for and remembering the names of the parts of a machine. Examples of behavior at this stage are complying with the normsspecifiedbythe company and discussing the importance of the new social media guidelines. follow.

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Social Learning Cannot be a Bolt-On Strategy

ID Reflections

In such cultural settings, social learning naturally fails in spite of state of the art enterprise collaboration platforms and other technology. Most organizations are still missing the cultural aspect of it. To give an example, organizations where authority trumps expertise and capability are not yet ready for social learning where everyone gets an equal hearing.

Heroes and villains

Learning with e's

In my last post I featured Bärbel Inhelder''s work on deductive reasoning and her work with Jean Piaget on the formal operations stage of cognitive development. Here''s just one very strange example: A 10 year old girl called Laura Buxton from Stoke-on-Trent once released a balloon with a message attached. Anderson ACT-R Cognitive Architecture 2. Her name was also Laura Buxton.

MOOCs in Workplace Learning - Part 3: Launching a MOOC

ID Reflections

Having said this, I also understand that MOOC as a design methodology is flexible and can be crafted to suit an organization''s needs, culture and context. I am calling out a few things to distinguish traditional learning design approaches from a MOOC. The rest of the points below are more to do with the culture within an organization. Let''s take this imaginary example a bit further.

eLearning Modules will Die… and 70:20:10 will hold the Smoking Gun


They still embrace an engaging, highly visual approach but also incorporate recent understanding of cognitive load, strategically combining text, audio and images for greater effectiveness. In part, formal learning must become the scaffolding to support learners as they develop the mindset, skills and culture to be continuous learners. eLearning Today. New Challenges for L&D.

Authentic learning

Learning with e's

Most people learn best by being "with it," yet school makes them identify their personal, cognitive growth with elaborate planning and manipulation.' Brown, Collins and Duguid (1989) agree, believing that authentic learning contexts are vitally important if students are to acquire and develop cognitive skills that are transferable to real world living. References Brown, J.S., Lave, J.

Deeper eLearning Design: Part 6 – Putting It All Together


We’ve covered objectives, practice, concepts, examples, and the emotional component. To start with, we will use a sample process as an example, and you will have to infer how to adapt this for you. When people work together the output is better (particularly if you have the right culture and process). What are the minimal examples that will facilitate transfer to the assessment (and beyond)? Our examples need to refer to the model, include explication of the underlying thinking, emotionally engage, and provide sufficient scope. Then we need templates.

Narrative Strategies for Learning

Usable Learning

When I was working on Design For How People Learn, I listened a lot to a podcast on storytelling techniques. A lot of learning and development folks *are* fiction writers, in the form of learning scenarios, examples and case studies, but (in my experience) it’s frequently pretty dull stuff (and I say this as someone who has written some dull scenarios myself). rbhrz1-4hN4.

Vygotsky, Piaget and YouTube

Learning with e's

Jean Piaget , for example, famously claimed that children were solo-scientists, exploring the world and constructing meaning for themselves. They would need to progress through a strictly defined set of cognitive stages before they were ready to learn at the next level. The world is changing, and it''s largely due to the proliferation of technology. The content is out there.

The Incredible Power of Design Thinking in Learning Design


According to Wikipedia, design thinking stands for “ design-specific cognitive activities that designers apply during the process of designing. Today’s companies who have adopted a design thinking approach stand out from and outperform their competitors with respect to their culture. It is proved to be helpful in bringing out innovative solutions (one classical example being iPod).

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Personal Learning Networks: For Ongoing Learning in a Connected World

ID Reflections

Diverse here implies cognitive diversity -- arising from different world-views, cultural perspectives, varied educational background, and possessing different problem-solving frameworks and heuristics. A PLN of diverse individuals not only helps to hold up widely different viewpoints on the same challenge but also broadens and deepens one''s learning. We need a new set of skills.

Everybody’s Got Something To Teach…!!!


For example, I had an inadvertent conversation with a friend of a friend of a friend, a few days back. Go visit another country and experience its people and culture. If that resource is tapped properly, then I believe we will start seeing the next stage of evolution in learning. “ The Social Learning Theory , by Albert Bandura , posits that learning is a cognitive process that takes place in a social context and can occur purely through observation or direct instruction, even in the absence of motor reproduction or direct reinforcement”. Fast forward a decade and a half.

Teach 43

Learning is Behaviour Change: why is it often so hard to help it happen?

Performance Learning Productivity

Deutschman cites examples from medicine. Kotter found that the issues were never strategy, structure, culture or systems, but those related to changing behaviours. A fascinating article recently published on the Fast Company blog should be required reading for all learning and talent professionals as well as for leaders and managers. Could you change when change really mattered?

Help 105

Here comes the SAMR

Learning with e's

Technology integration results in digital tools being embedded into learning, so that for example maker cultures emerge, or the classroom activities are flipped , supporting more effective pedagogies and improving student learning outcomes. One example is when classrooms began to be equipped with interactive whiteboards (IWBs). Unported License.

Mentoring Millennials to Teach Hard to Come by Soft Skills

Training Industry

This generation of emerging professionals is notorious for their hard skills, but now even more so, for their lack of real world experience and the needed soft skills like resilience, problem solving and interpersonal skills, that enable them to thrive in workplace culture. For example, making a positive first impression is easy, but a lasting impression? Some potential ideas are social cognition, self-presentation and influence. It has happened to the best of us when hiring millennials. Unfortunately, that 4.0 GPA suddenly wasn’t faring so well. How can we fix this?