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Learning by Watching: Social Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning

Origin Learning

Rather, we have stated this example to prove a point: that observation is an intrinsic human technique to learn unfamiliar tasks or behaviors – something that has been theorized by the psychologist Albert Bandura as what he called the ‘Social Cognitive Theory’. What is Social Cognitive Theory? Try and peep in, don’t you? This isn’t to embarrass you. Image Credit – [link].

Cognitive Load Theory: The Key to Smarter Instructional Design

Origin Learning

What is cognitive load theory (CLT)? ‘Cognitive’ means mental and ‘load’ means burden, so this theory basically studies the mental load that the human brain faces when learning happens. For example, suppose we tell you five words- complexity, television, snow, equation and circumstances. Cognitive load is of three types: Intrinsic. Extraneous.

The Cognitive Science Behind Learning

CLO Magazine

There are levels of analysis; neural is one, but the next level up is the cognitive level. That’s where most of the important implications come from, as well as the social level above the cognitive. The Cognitive Umbrella. For example, for pilots practicing for emergencies, the amount of practice is ongoing and deep. It’s the same with learning. The nuances are subtle.

Situated Cognition In eLearning: What eLearning Professionals Should Know


In this article, I’ll shed light on the situated cognition theory, from its core principles to tips that will help you use it in your next eLearning course. Situated cognition is based on the idea that learning is most effective when it is in context. Cognitive Apprenticeships and communities of practice also go hand-in-hand with situated cognition. According to J.

Designing eLearning for Cognitive Ease

Integrated Learnings

recently started reading Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman, and the chapter on cognitive ease offered all sorts of implications for eLearning design. This, combined with additional discussion in the book, suggests that a bad mood creates cognitive strain, and a good mood promotes cognitive ease. Instead of conducting four hours of training within a single day, consider dividing it into one-hour sessions over four weeks, for example. By Shelley A. Gable. Promote a good mood. that create a warm, positive tone. Ensure repeated exposure to critical content.

Three Cognitive Benefits of Games

Kapp Notes

For example: In the 1970′s BP created a board game in which one of the scenarios was a catastrophic oil spill. One: Challenge and Consolidation – Good games offer players a set of challenging problems and then let them solve these problems until they have virtually routinized or automated their solutions. Games then throw a new class of problem at the players requiring them to rethink their now, taken-for-granted mastery, learn something new, and integrate this new learning into their old mastery. James Paul Gee, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Games

Bloom's Revised Taxonomy: Cognitive processes and levels of knowledge matrix

Big Dog, Little Dog

While Bloom''s original cognitive taxonomy did mention three levels of knowledge or products that could be processed (shown below), they were not discussed very much and remained one-dimensional. In Krathwohl and Anderson''s revised version, the authors combine the cognitive processes with the above three levels of knowledge to form a matrix. In addition they added another level of knowledge - metacognition: Metacognitive  – Knowledge of cognition in general, as well as awareness and knowledge of one’s own cognition. . give an example. Cognitive Domain.

Deeper eLearning Design: Part 4 – Examples


Here we’re talking about the role of examples in learning, and we’ll continue on through emotional elements, and finally putting it all together. Examples are a part of learning, as we know, and learning design is, or should be considered complex. So too with examples, we tend to treat them as easy to write. However, an example that is missing the nuances, the details that make them work, can be as useless as nothing at all. To do examples right, you need to understand what their role is in the learning process, and ensure that you are addressing the subtleties.

5 Reasons to Use Gamification in E-Learning

Origin Learning

Games help in development of cognitive ability. For example, a simulated game that has engineer trainees repairing different machineries that get more complex as they complete each level, will ultimately develop their cognitive ability in that area. Our mind inputs far more concentration and participation in a game rather than something we are otherwise taught. Like our post ?

Cognitive Tunnelling: How to Achieve Focus Through Stories

Vignettes Learning

Cognitive Tunneling When things are automated, our brains don’t have to monitor our environment. David Strayer , a cognitive psychologist at the University of Utah, likens this scenario to the dimming of a spotlight representative of the brain’s attention span. Cognitive tunneling then is misplaced focus. But is there a way to fix this? How can we correct mental glitch?

Top 5 Performance Support Apps for Learning Designers


That’s why Instructional Design Guru defines terms from Instructional Design, Cognitive Psychology, Social Media, Multimedia, Technology and Law. As it claims, this app, with its numerous examples and powerful search features, truly helps put the information instructional designers need for their day-to-day jobs at their fingertips. DesignJot’ App. Kineo E-Learning Top Tips’ App.

How to Integrate Social Learning in the Workplace

Origin Learning

For example, Albert Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory stresses the importance of observational learning, imitation and modeling to learn certain behaviors. Any change must come from the top and key executives must lead by example to demonstrate the importance of a shared learning culture. Social learning is not a new concept. Social learning , thus waned away. Like our post ?

How To Be Effective At Persuasion For Learning

The eLearning Coach

For example, when you need […] Post from: The eLearning Coach How To Be Effective At Persuasion For Learning. CognitionDo you ever need to persuade an audience during a learning experience? Although the persuasion may be subtle, I’m guessing the answer is yes.

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Memory full

Learning with e's

The work of John Sweller and Nillie Lavie on Cognitive Load Theory and Capacity Theory (based on studies by Shalom Fisch ) is useful to help us understand how to optimise digital design environments such as the layout of virtual learning environments or online discussion groups. What exactly can Cognitive Load Theory do to help us to optimise students'' memories? Unported License.

More on Questions - the Edge and Your Cognitive Toolkit

Mark Oehlert

The 2011 Questions is now out and its a good one: " WHAT SCIENTIFIC CONCEPT WOULD IMPROVE EVERYBODY'S COGNITIVE TOOLKIT? His idea is that the abstraction is available as a single cognitive chunk which can be used as an element in thinking and debate.". No, not the U2's Edge. The occasion for all this is  t he annual Question that the Edge asks its members to answer. Nice one right?

Situated Learning: Essential for a Learning Culture

The Peformance Improvement

John Seely Brown , Allan Collins, and Paul Duguid labeled this kind of learning: “ situated cognition ”. One example of this technology is KnowledgeStar TM. Learning Culture Organization Culture Organizational Learning Training John Seely Brown situated cognitionThe next day I had no hot water. The electric pilot light on the water heater was not coming on.

Taxonomy of Learning Theories

E-Learning Provocateur

For example, classical conditioning maintains that a neutral stimulus can be associated with another stimulus that elicits a particular response. It’s important to note that Social Learning Theory now extends beyond the behaviourist domain to encompass cognition, particularly through the work of Julian Rotter and Albert Bandura. . Cognitive load  . Where do you start?

Conflict resolution

Learning with e's

In this post, we continue to explore Festinger''s work, this time focusing on his theory of cognitive dissonance. Festinger called this phenomenon cognitive dissonance. Cognitive dissonance is essentially a theory of motivation through conflict resolution. As Kendra Cherry argues: "Cognitive dissonance plays a role in many value judgements, decisions and evaluations.

Deeper learning

Learning with e's

Craik and Lockhart claimed that the deeper the processing, the stronger will be the trace of that memory, and thus recall will take less cognitive effort. This framework for human memory research is considered by many cognitive psychologists to be a stronger explanation than those of the multi-store memory models. This is number 5 in my blog series on major learning theories.

7 Challenges to Social Learning

Origin Learning

For example, getting access to blogs, case studies and similar external learning resources from the very beginning is important to avoid any issues in future. Social Learning is a self-propagating concept, that is- once a social learning culture is achieved in an organization. Here we try to enlist the top challenges which hinder social learning from becoming a reality in organizations: 1.

The shape of minds to come

Learning with e's

She made some important contributions to his stages of cognitive development theory (which will be featured in greater depth in some upcoming articles on this blog). It could be argued that these decisions were made because of Inhelder and Piaget''s cognitive stages theory. Are there actually stages of cognitive development, and are they as Inhelder and Piaget claimed?

Get it together

Learning with e's

Let''s start with some theory: According to the revised Bloom''s cognitive taxonomy by Anderson and Krathwohl, ''creating'' is suggested as the peak of achievement. This is a fairly low level cognitive process, but it does require some discernment and decision making ability. You could add notes (annotations) or highlight sections with colour for example. Others such as

Bloom reheated

Learning with e's

In an age of digital media, where learners create, remix and share their own content, an overhaul of Bloom's Cognitive Taxonomy was long overdue. Yesterday I posted a critique of Bloom's Cognitive Taxonomy and argued that it is outmoded in the digital age. We might acquire better knowledge while we are in the process of applying and evaluating, for example. So why the swap?

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In two minds

Learning with e's

Psychologists and cognitive scientists have offered a number of useful theories that aid our understanding of learning. In this post we return to the cognitive domain, with an examination of Allan Paivio''s theory of dual coding. Paivio''s model of cognition featured two modes of processing, known as imagens (images) and logogens (words), which are illustrated below.

Your Ticket to Great Instructional Design

Origin Learning

quick reference to what I said earlier: Expectations must be set in the beginning, but breaking expectations once in a while in the middle of the course, for example asking participants to perform an (achievable) task impromptu is a great technique to stimulate interest and activate participation. T alk to T hem. Instructional design is certainly not an easy business. Now how do you do that?

Memorable Ways to End an eLearning Course

Integrated Learnings

Cognitive theorists believe that as new information enters the working memory, earlier information is pushed out. Elaboration of an earlier scenario or example. Instructional Design Engagement Recency eLearning Learning Theory Cognitive TheoryBy Shelley A. Gable. The recency effect tells us that people are more likely to remember information from the end of a sequence. In other words, when taking an eLearning course, learners are most likely to remember how the course ended, although the stuff in the middle might blur together. Visual representation. Illustrative story.

3 Examples of Video Based Training

CommLab India

Moreover, short video clips will reduce the cognitive load on learners and help the learner to absorb, retain and recall information. In this blog, we will see some examples of video-based training. 1. Another example would be using videos to train people on safe driving. As we all know, videos have become the most popular medium for online training and development.

The Planet Captivate Blog – Cognitive Load

Adobe Captivate

However, one topic that Jim has helped me to better understand is that of cognitive load. Since Jim’s and my first discussion about cognitive load, I’ve challenged myself to dive into learning more about it, specifically, proactively targeting a learner’s cognitive load while developing eLearning content. There are a variety of terms used with regards to cognitive load theory, but I keep finding myself visualizing it in my mind as a car’s tachometer. Let’s look at some of my terms: Cognitive Up-shift – When a learner is actively adding to his/her cognitive load.

Just an illusion?

Learning with e's

How do we know for example, that we all represent reality in the same way? took them on a brief tour of cognitive processes, including the human senses, memory and recall, and the representation of reality through perception. showed how these processes connect up into cognitive architectures, through an analysis of the biological, psychological and physiological.

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Cognitive Load vs. Load Time

eLearning Weekly

Designers love a little cognitive load theory. Cognitive psychology certainly aims to give trainers such a look inside the brain. Cognitive load theory inspires designers to influence various neural systems so attention is focused and retention is optimal. Recently, wired with cognitive load theory, I made the perfect elearning course in Captivate. Cognitive psychology ran smack into the hard wall of file size. In this post, I list the three and explain the first with examples. Thanks, Eric!! It was beautiful. Colors were lovely. Fonts were harmonious.

An Exuberant discovery for Lonely and Stressed-out eLearners

Vignettes Learning

When students are engaged and motivated and feel minimal stress, information flows freely through the affective filter in the amygdala and they achieve higher levels of cognition, make connections, and experience "aha" moments. These examples brought me back to the core ideas I proposed in making technical learning more relevant. We’re lonely but we’re afraid of intimacy.” 1999).

Let Learners Sleep on It

Integrated Learnings

For example, researchers from the University of Haifa published a study in Nature Neuroscience in 2007 in which study participants who took a 90-minute nap after learning a task improved their ability to perform the task again later that day. Another example, published in Nature in 2004, suggests that sleep can enhance performance in creative problem solving. Instructional Design eLearning Blog Neuroscience Workplace Learning eLearning Cognitive TheoryBy Shelley A. Gable. As kids, many of us resisted bedtime. As adults, many of us wish we could get more sleep.

Remember Recency?

Integrated Learnings

Cognitive theorists believe that as new information enters the working memory, earlier information is pushed out. If so, please share examples in the comments! Instructional Design Recall Recency eLearning Blog Best Practices Workplace Learning eLearning Learning Theory Cognitive Theory Cognitive Load Attention By Shelley A. Gable. If you haven’t encountered it lately, it’s possible you’ve forgotten about the recency theory of learning. Recency is the tendency to be more likely to remember information from the end of a sequence. fill-in-the-blank slide.

A New Year’s Resolution: Remove the Fluff from eLearning

Integrated Learnings

While some may use them to review terminology, I can’t think of an example of when these activities would be the best way to reinforce that knowledge. Instructional Design Discovery Learning Scenario-Based Learning eLearning Learning Theory Cognitive TheoryBy Shelley A. Gable. Think about the elements you included in your last eLearning project. The content you included. The types of activities you designed. If you had to offer business justification for each slide and activity in your eLearning lesson to your client, could you consistently make a compelling case? What are they?