Informal Learning – the other 80%

Jay Cross

The start-up stiffed me but the paper morphed into the Informal Learning book. I’ll be leading a series of master classes on informal learning and working smarter in Europe. Informal Learning – the other 80%. Informal learning is effective because it is personal.

Information on E-Learning and WCAG 2.0 Compliance in Australia

Connect Thinking

For example, some Flash interactions such as many games are currently no longer usable as they cannot be read by text to speech readers such as JAWS. checklist for more information. The following organisation are listed for your information only: Access Testing.

Trending Sources

From information to knowledge and the democratization of learning


We live in the era of the ‘Information Revolution’. Senge where the Greek word “Metanoia” is introduced to describe the “shift of mind” happening when a piece of information becomes to knowledge. We try to make this informal knowledge searchable and transferable.

Laura Overton – Crystal Balling with Learnnovators


We started our research programme in 2003, and since then we’ve seen a lot of change in the field of L&D. That was just one example, but we’ve had many many others in the private, public and not-for-profit sectors. ABOUT LAURA OVERTON (MD, Towards Maturity).

What Games Can Teach Us about “Communicating” with Learners

Kapp Notes

Calm Messaging –Games tend to provide information and messages to players in an unobtrusive manner that doesn’t require the player to dismiss, acknowledge or click on them.

Game Based Learning – Why Does it Work?

Bottom-Line Performance

In a simulation, for example, the simulation is set up to mimic the real-world or real-world challenges. This replication gives us context, and context makes it easier to retrieve information later. [i] iv] Clark, Ruth and Mayer, Richard (2003).

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An Introduction to Population Health: Part 1

Web Courseworks

Population health first came to being in 2003, however, it was more of a medical term rather than an emerging trend in the medical field. For example, let’s use the population of diabetes.

SMEs Are Not Instructional Designers

Association eLearning

We all know that Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) provide the content that makes a course informative. What information does the learner absolutely need to know to do his or her job well? Work Together to Limit Information.

3 Major E-learning Trends: Evolution of Self-paced Online Courses from 2005 to 2016

CommLab India

Microlearning refers to the delivery of learning content in the form of information nuggets and the content is divided into several modules, each having a span of not more than 10 minutes.

The teacher as storyteller

Clive on Learning

Back in 2003, I devoted a great deal of energy to the design of a new CD-ROM course entitled Ten Ways to Avoid Death by PowerPoint. They will structure this information and support it with visual aids and practical exercises.

Interview with an Expert Series: Associate Executive Director, Myke Kudlas

Blue Sky eLearn

I first took an interest in eLearning in 2001, but became more involved in 2003, when I was the Program Director for the Mayo Clinic Jacksonville Radiography Program. Can you share any stories or examples that help illustrate key points? When my grandmother relayed this conversation to me, it was an exciting yet sobering example of why quality matters. These changes seem superficial, but can dramatically affect how well our learners absorb the information we present.

Is E-learning Implementation in Your Organization Smooth?

CommLab India

Note: The bold arrows indicate direct influence, while the dotted arrows indicate indirect influence (Mungania, 2003). For example, an employee of a technological company is less likely to oppose e-learning as against an individual in an oil and gas organization.

Cammy Beans Learning Visions: Humble Learning Moment

Learning Visions

Ive been reading e-Learning and the Science of Instruction (2003) by Ruth Clark and Richard Mayer. The old theory: Up until now, Ive gone along with that concept of learning styles , which the books authors tell me is based on the information delivery theory. So when designing a program with different learning styles in mind, one presents information in multiple formats: both as onscreen text and audio along with an illustrative graphic. Getting an Informal M.Ed

Writing and Grammar: List Lovers Unite!

I Came, I Saw, I Learned

For example, one of my colleagues tells me that if she needs the answers to three questions she is sending by email, she makes sure to mention that there are three questions and to put each question in a separate paragraph (or bullet point). Here is an example of an email message unlikely to get timely and thorough answers: In reviewing your article (which I enjoyed very much) I found several areas that need attention. Could you please send the missing information to me by Friday?

Improving Informal Learning

Big Dog, Little Dog

Harold notes the 80-20 funding ratio between formal and informal learning and Will Thalheimer questions this funding differential in the comment section. Of that, about $30 billion is spent on formal training, while the remainder, $180 billion is spent on informal or on-the-job training.

How To Build a Serious Game: Part 1


Instruction Design principles, for example like the ADDIE model (analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation) provide valuable inputs to a serious game. By creating an immersive learning environment, learners can explore and make decisions based on the available information.


Reusable Learning Object Methodology – A way to design blended learning


In fact, Cisco created a White Paper back in 2003 that explains it thoroughly. It was in 2004 when I was introduced to the Reusable Learning Object methodology.

The future of intelligence

Learning with e's

In his seminal work, Natural Born Cyborgs (2003), Clark sees a future that combines the best features of human and machine, where we literally wear or physically internalise our technologies. There are examples of how such cyborg existence might come about.

xAPI, LRS – The Interview

eLearning 24-7

Part of the problem though is that there is a lot of information out there, some of it erroneous in nature and honestly, equally confusing. In 2003, the eLearning startup I worked for shuttered its doors as our customers moved to adopt SCORM, and we had no idea how to do that.

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Relationships, IBM’s Secret to Building Strong Female Leaders

CLO Magazine

Since its inception in 2003, BRI’s overall objective is to encourage women to reflect on their personal and professional goals and to take tangible action to drive their careers forward. For example, they’re given reading material to learn and an online module on personal branding.

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Are Learning and Entertainment Mutually Exclusive?

Bottom-Line Performance

Let’s consider a couple examples. Very entertaining, but it overwhelms the learner’s cognitive abilities to process information and suppresses learning. (1). Present information graphically where possible, but ensure the message isn’t lost in the aesthetics. Mayer , e-Learning and the Science of Instruction , (San Francisco, CA, Pfeiffer Publishing/John Wiley & Sons, 2003).

Writing and Grammar: More on Lists, Bullets, and Tufte

I Came, I Saw, I Learned

" She goes on to say that "A list is an invaluable means of presenting information when it is used properly. The goal of a presentation is to convey information to the consumer in the manner that works best for the delivery of the content. For example: In 1940, 4,000 molecules per million of carbon in the atmosphere. The presenter should determine if bullet points are the right choice for conveying this particular piece of information.

Power of informal learning in developing managers

Jay Cross's Informal Learning

Here’s a six-year old article on informal learning I discovered while Googling for material on learning transfer. Informal Learning and the Transfer of Learning: How Managers Develop Proficiency. 4, Winter 2003. Informal learning occurs in the presence of both action and reflection (Watkins & Marsick, 1992) and includes “self-directed learning, networking, coaching, mentoring, performance planning. For example, McCall et al.

Front-End Analysis: Improving Performance

Dashe & Thomson

These are some examples of the types of performance problems that will occur, just, because of the very nature of an ERP system. This is an updated version of the BEM described by Roger Chevalier (2003). May/June 2003).

Writing & Grammar Workshop: Converting Empty Phrases to Gold

I Came, I Saw, I Learned

Empty words and phrases, such as the ones in bold in the preceding sentence, delay giving your readers the information they want, create a boring tone, and make your material seem vague and difficult. For example, my first sentence could have been Empty phrases decrease the reader's interest in your topic. Let's try that on another example. Does the article give three or five or ten examples of how batch processing is important ? by Jennie Ruby.

Emotional Intelligence: The Real Performance Indicator

CLO Magazine

Blasi said Six Seconds collected information through engagement surveys and helped the company efficiently address emotional issues. When Vice President of Human Resources Sherry Miller joined auto dealer Park Place Dealerships in Dallas in 2003, it was not the award-winning company it is today. One example would be the phrase “With this ring, I thee wed.” Higher emotional intelligence improves communication, bolsters morale and changes an unhealthy environment.



The workshop ended by providing an overview of various approaches to game design, using plenty of examples along the way. Chennai (India). Learnnovators, a leading provider of innovative e-learning solutions, recently conducted a webinar series on “Gamification” in association with Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), Southern Region. CII is a prominent Indian industry body with a direct membership of over 8,000 organizations.

Don’t Overcomplicate Leadership Development

CLO Magazine

As Eric Schmidt, then-CEO of Google, said at a 2011 technology conference, humans create as much information every 48 hours as was created between the dawn of civilization and 2003. For example, Google’s homepage is a white backdrop, a text box and two buttons. Results of an informal December LinkedIn poll indicate that companies haven’t mastered this. For example, many organizations fixate on Kirkpatrick’s levels of learning measurement.

Writing and Grammar: Responses from United List Lovers

I Came, I Saw, I Learned

For example,  Josie Chaney  writes: I agree with you whole-heartedly. I do however agree with him regarding avoiding the "rollout" of information on each slide; I do think it's too controlling and that there's benefit to allowing the audience to "read ahead" in their attempt to understand and relate bits of info together.   We have to learn to do better and lead by example).

Is learner motivation your responsibility?

Usable Learning

For example, this chart show the rate of people who agree to be organ donors in different European countries: In the blue countries, choosing to be a organ donor is selected by default, and the person has to de-select it if they do not want to be a donor. Nov 21, 2003).

An Amplification of the power of Game-Based Learning in the Corporate World

Mark Oehlert

In 2003, around 92% of kids age 2 through 17 in the United States access games on a daily basis.Of Beck and Wade also make some really interesting points about this "gamer generation;" for example that gamers believe that winning matters (counter to the stereotypical slacker image), that they place a high value on competence-on the being the expert, that they are risk takers and believers in open communication and creative problem solving.

Learning Conversation with Liz Griffin, Director, Global People Team, Ernst & Young – Part 2

Learning Cafe

Since 2003, she has worked closely with Ernst & Young practices in 20 countries across Asia Pacific and was based in Hong Kong working across Asia from 2006 – 2010. The idea is, it’s not just available for our clients but it is also available for people to keep up to date and then be able to talk to a client about this information. A lot of formal learning is tracked but informal learning is difficult to track. Let’s take leadership, for example.

Writing & Grammar Workshop: Acronyms Happen

I Came, I Saw, I Learned

Yet they can be a barrier to a reader who is trying to absorb technical information or to a learner who is encountering new terms for the first time.  For example, below is a paragraph similar to the paragraph you are reading now, but using acronyms: The use of acronyms (UOA) can be a problem for readers of technical writing (RTW) and LENTs (learners encountering new terms for the first time). by Jennie Ruby Nearly every piece of technical writing has acronyms.

PowerPoint Converter: FAQs and Tutorial

DigitalChalk eLearning

Stay tuned in the coming weeks for additional information on how to import your presentation. A: PPTX files, or PPT files from Office 2003 or later. For example, MP4/H.264 encoded video works in Chrome, IE, and Safari, and Firefox on Windows, but it does NOT work on Firefox on Mac.


Grammar Workshop: i.e. versus e.g. and such as versus like

I Came, I Saw, I Learned

by Jennie Ruby Interrupting a sentence to explain a term or give examples of a concept is a way to get your reader to see immediately how the new information relates to the real world. e.g. = for example. such as introduces a list of some of, but not all of, the examples of your topic. like introduces a model, but not the exact example [Do not use like to give a partial list of examples.].

EPSS and ePerformance

Tony Karrer

Searching on eperformance I ran across your 2003 LearningCircuits blog entries (E-Performance Essentials) separating eperformance into edevelopment, einteraction and esupport. While I highly respect Gloria Gery's work, I think she did us a disservice by continually pointing to Turbo Tax as THE example of EPSS. For example, one of the systems that we built helped retail store managers improve customer satisfaction through planning, goal setting, communication support, eCoaching, etc.

Will at Work Learning: Personality Instruments and Workplace Performance

Will at Work Learning

For example, I will note problems with the MBTI Myers-Briggs below. personality measures may provide very little additional information. For example, Barrick, Mount, and Judge in 2001 looked at 15meta-analyses that investigated the relationship between the fivepersonality factors and job performance. For example, the MBTI (Myers-Briggs) has been widely discredited by researchers. For example, see Pittenger's (2005) caution about using the MBTI.