10 Tips to Prevent Cognitive Overload in E-Learning


10 Tips to Prevent Cognitive Overload in E-Learning. In a previous blog, we explained cognitive load theory and looked at ways to identify if cognitive overload is a problem in your existing e-learning courses. e-learning cognitive overload elearning tips

Cognitive prostheses

Clark Quinn

While our cognitive architecture has incredible capabilities (how else could we come up with advances such as Mystery Science Theater 3000?), We’ve created tools that allow us to capture things accurately: cameras and microphones with audio recording. it also has limitations. The same adaptive capabilities that let us cope with information overload in both familiar and new ways also lead to some systematic flaws.


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TMI! Cognitive Overload and Learning


This is an example of what we call “cognitive overload.”. Cognitive Load Theory was introduced by John Sweller to explain why people have so much more difficulty learning complex content. Aerospace companies, for example, consider cognitive load when they design airplane and spaceship control panels. The more challenging the content, the more likely that the learner will experience an excessive cognitive load.

Cognitive Load Theory: The Key to Smarter Instructional Design

Origin Learning

What is cognitive load theory (CLT)? ‘Cognitive’ means mental and ‘load’ means burden, so this theory basically studies the mental load that the human brain faces when learning happens. This is what a schema does: it helps in shedding some of the cognitive load. Cognitive load is of three types: Intrinsic.

Managing Cognitive Load in Content Design

Magic EdTech

Cognitive load theory in Instructional Design comes to the rescue. Cognitive load relates to the amount of information the working memory can hold. To understand how instructional methods reduce cognitive load, let us take an example. “The instructor is going too fast.”.

Manage Cognitive Load in Digital Learning

B Online Learning

Research into our cognitive architecture has lead to the development of Cognitive Load Theory (CLT) and related guidelines which, when applied, results in more efficient learning. Cognitive Load Theory – The study of the human memory system and its components has provided extensive evidence about how humans process and store new and existing pieces of information. Three Types of Cognitive Load. Often, it’s about reducing extraneous cognitive load.

Cognitive Load vs. Load Time

eLearning Weekly

Designers love a little cognitive load theory. Cognitive psychology certainly aims to give trainers such a look inside the brain. Cognitive load theory inspires designers to influence various neural systems so attention is focused and retention is optimal. Recently, wired with cognitive load theory, I made the perfect elearning course in Captivate. Cognitive psychology ran smack into the hard wall of file size.

Instructional Design Basics: 3 Types of Cognitive Load & How They Affect Learning and Learning Design

Convergence Training

In this Instructional Design Basics article, we’re going to look at the issue of cognitive load. What Is Cognitive Load? So cognitive load is the amount of work being done processing information in working memory. Some cognitive load is good. Germane Cognitive Load.

Cognitive Psychology Anyone?

The eLearning Coach

With this in mind, here are a few sites that feature cognitive psychology podcasts, research, articles and news. And just in case you’re new to this field, cognitive psychology is the discipline that examines our mental processes, such as attention, perception, memory and learning. Cognitive psychology uses an information-processing model to explain mental operations in computational terms. Cognitive Daily. Cognitive Science Blog.

When Is Audio Narration Helpful?

Experiencing eLearning

In a discussion on eLearning Heroes , Judith Reymond asked about the research on when or whether audio narration is helpful to adult learners. I usually don’t provide audio feedback on practice activities to give people a break. I’ll sometimes provide other kinds of interaction or content delivery to provide a break from the audio (tabs or “click to reveal” text). What are your experiences with audio, especially with on-screen text?

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Unravelling The Relevance Of Social Cognitive Theory in Online Learning


This leads us to the theory by psychologist Albert Bandura known as the ‘Social Cognitive Theory’. What is Social Cognitive Theory? How to Apply Social Cognitive Theory to eLearning? Many of you may think that online learning is counter intuitive to Social Cognitive theory because it is presented to the individual instead of a group of learners. How to use it in elearning: Both audio and video in online learning are capable of recreating this experience.

Game-based meta-cognitive coaching

Clark Quinn

What naturally occurred to me was that you could put the same sort of meta-cognitive skill tutoring in a game environment, as you have to digitally create all the elements you’d need to track anyways for the game reasons, and it could be a layer on top. audio versus visual) and looking for patterns can provide deeper opportunities.



LEARNNOVATORS : We remain fascinated by developments such as MakeItTalk – an Artificial Intelligence (AI) model that can help create expressive talking-head videos from a single facial image with audio as the only input (more details in this paper here).

How to Combat Cognitive Overload with Connie Malamed #ASTDTK12

Learning Visions

high cognitive load (which leads to poor comprehension and obstructs learning) Cognitive load affected by # of interacting elements. If you present info with big words that people have to interpret, you’re imposing high cognitive load. if not using audio, integrate text with animation or video)…you can’t have two different things going on the screen! My live notes from session at ASTDTK12 with @elearningcoach. Long term memory is like a server farm.

Make Corporate Training Memorable With Cognitive Load Theory


Cognitive Load Theory (CLT) is an instructional design theory that uses the science of how the human brain processes information to inform the design of learning materials so they are easy to comprehend and remember. Your ‘cognitive load’ is the amount of information your working memory can process at one time. For example, an image with additional information provided through audio narration delivers less cognitive load than two visual items.

When to Use Background Audio in E-Learning

Rapid eLearning

Background audio is not as common as it once was in e-learning. Also, with mobile technology (and some limitations playing multiple audio tracks) it may create some problems playing the way you intend it. However, there are times where background audio makes sense.

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Cammy Beans Learning Visions: Another take on Cognitive Load Theory

Learning Visions

Wednesday, April 18, 2007 Another take on Cognitive Load Theory The authors of the Eide Neurolearning Blog weigh in on recent research and articles on cognitive load (including the death of Powerpoint that have been talked about here ). eLearning Guild’s 2010 Salary Report ID Live with John Graves ► April (5) Audio Interview with Tom Kuhlmann of Articulate Book Review: Love is the Killer App Kineo Insights Webinar: Aligning eLearning with B.

Cammy Beans Learning Visions: Cognitive Flexibility Theory & Multiple Representations

Learning Visions

Wednesday, May 09, 2007 Cognitive Flexibility Theory & Multiple Representations After reading Clarks comment on my posting from yesterday , Ive been looking into Cognitive Flexibility Theory (Spiro), trying to better understand the notion of "multiple representations." (You I had been thinking of multiple representations as meaning you show the graph on one screen with audio, then on the next screen have a video of someone talking about that concept.

Audio in E-Learning

Kapp Notes

Audio is a powerful and impactful tool, but it is often used incorrectly within e-learning courses. A common question is "Should we have audio in the e-learning module that exactly matches the text on the screen?" It’s not that you can’t learn from audio and text, it is just that the learning is more productive if the two are separate (audio that enhances what is on the screen not repeats it word-for-word). Is it good to have audio to describe graphics on the screen?

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Management 3.0, Cognitive Load, Prototyping, Objects, Audio, & Broken

Big Dog, Little Dog

Reducing Extraneous Cognitive Load by Accounting for Individual Differences - Rob Barton. Information Architecture for Audio: Doing It Right - Boxes and Arrows. The inclusion of audio often results in usability issues that make it difficult for users to access and understand content. That is why we need new tools to organize linear content like audio. This article presents a practical framework for designing and implementing audio-based content, such as podcasts.

Cammy Beans Learning Visions: Brain Plasticity & Cognitive Abilities

Learning Visions

Thursday, May 24, 2007 Brain Plasticity & Cognitive Abilities Ive just read Richard Nantels post The Ultimate Pretest in which he talks about his interest in brain plasticity. So I have no expertise in this area -- and perhaps this is really just a note to self to look into this topic more -- but Im just wondering how brain plasticity relates to the recent NIH study out that claims that cognitive ability is mostly developed by adolescence (found via Jay Cross ).

Podcasting for E-Learning: Digital Audio Basics

The E-Learning Curve

Well-designed, planned, narrated and produced audio content has the facility to engage the audience and transport the listener, providing the right cognitive environment for learning or entertainment or whatever goal the podcast seeks to achieve. 2005) Of course, this cognitively experienced sense of “being there” is a completely artificial construct, none more so when you consider audio podcasting. Really exceptional podcasts transmit a sense of "being there."

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Does audio narration help eLearners?


Unpacking the value add of audio narration in online learning. Typically, audio voiceover will also be displayed as text. Sometimes the learner has an option to hide the text and listen to the audio, or mute the audio and read the text, choosing one sensory channel over the other. But often the text is displayed along with the audio whether the learner wants to experience both or not. Efficiency in learning: evidence-based guidelines to manage cognitive load.

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No! No. Background. Music.

Patti Shank

But I couldn't get the audio to work right. But I'd like to use it again if I can figure out how to get the audio working. In other words, it adds extraneous (harmful) cognitive load. If you want to understand cognitive load better, consider reading Write and Organize for Deeper Learning or Practice and Feedback for Deeper Learning. cognitive load evidence-based learnability

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Using Images and Audio in eLearning

eLearning Brothers

So, as we try to create more engaging and creative courses we are using more images, animations, and audio. “If words and the visuals they describe are separate from each other, the learner needs to expend extra cognitive resources to integrate them. Therefore the learner is free to spend those scarce cognitive resources on learning.&#. Audio. Audio should be used in those situations. When audio is used provide a replay button.

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6 sound strategies for using audio in your elearning


Audio can be a useful tool to add life to and explain your content. However, too much audio in the wrong place could make your content sink, not sing. In this article, we’ll show you some great ways to use audio and share inspiring demos of where audio rocks. Audio can be cheap to produce and quick to make. In fact, badly done audio can damage the learning potential of your content. Why audio in elearning is important. Use audio with animation.

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Podcasting for E-Learning: Benefits of Digital Audio

The E-Learning Curve

The first principle of digital audio is: Digital audio is the study of discrete values. This characteristic is very important: it allows us to manage audio information very efficiently. In a previous post, I discussed a little about the basics of digital audio. Today, I want to talk about how digital audio technology benefits podcasters. Every time you duplicate an analog recording, you lose audio quality and add even more noise.

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Factors to Consider Before Adding Audio to an E-learning Course

CommLab India

In eLearning courses, embedding audio enhances learner engagement and also helps them acquire information more effectively. To make your eLearning course effective, it’s important to use audio judiciously; this goes a long way in delivering a rich learning experience. Most of us often forget that we need to consider a few factors before adding audio to a course to enhance learning. It’s a simple diagram and we don’t need to have audio. Do you really need audio there?

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Your Ticket to Great Instructional Design

Origin Learning

Any instructional design process will typically consist of a mix of text, graphics, audio, video and animated elements. Use vivacious language, tone and manner of conversation in your audio narration. Cognitive Load Theory warns against the dangers of overloading learners with too much information. Start with simple elements like audio, text and graphics before you let them try a piece of equipment or software hands-on, and finally let them indulge in life-like environments.

Resolve to Try Something New in eLearning in 2013

Integrated Learnings

Anticipate dabbling in audio and video? Using Lectora to Sync Audio. Designing eLearning for Cognitive Ease. Designing eLearning for Cognitive Ease. Instructional Design Development Tools eLearning Blog Best Practices Professional Development Cognitive Theory BlogBy Shelley A.

The science of using audio in e-learning

From the Coleface

Next week I’ll be presenting at the eLearning Network on best practices for using audio in e-learning. One of the greatest advances since I was at university is Google, so I started by trying to answer three questions: Is e-learning with audio more effective than e-learning without audio? Are there certain types of audio that are more effective than others?

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Conveying Tacit Knowledge in eLearning

Integrated Learnings

You can include stories in eLearning via text, audio , and/or video. Instructional Design Social Media Social Learning Scenario-Based Learning Storytelling Evaluation Tacit Knowledge eLearning Learning Theory Cognitive TheoryBy Shelley A. Gable. Tacit knowledge can be challenging to teach in formal training, but it's not impossible. So how can we convey tacit knowledge in eLearning?

A Graphic, Audio Narration, and the Quest for Better eLearning


It is difficult, if not impossible, for us to simultaneously read text on a slide, look at a graphic, and listen to an audio narration. It is classic cognitive overload. So, if you want to improve learning, remove that text from your slide, and put it in the audio script. Put All Your Text in the Audio Script. If you have a strong urge to write bullet points or text, place those in a Word document, and let that become your audio script. We all do it.

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Using PPts Online & Dual-Coding Theory

Coffee and Design

Cognitive psychologists like Allan Paivio would argue that this form of instruction affords the “dual-coding theory” because both visual and verbal information is processed (see image). By going the extra mile and adding audio to the slides the learner can receive instruction through separate channels. Uncategorized Cognitive Psychology Dual-Coding Effective/Efficient Multimedia Learning Online Instruction PowerPoint PPt

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Should You Add Background Audio to Your E-Learning Courses?

Rapid eLearning

The same is true for background audio. In that sense you need to ask if the audio you are using will add to or detract from the learning objectives. When does Audio Detract from the Learning? Some people like to add background audio to their courses because they know that by itself the course content is somewhat boring. So adding some background audio will jazz it up a bit and makes the course exciting and inviting. Multiple audio tracks can impact retention.

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Podcasting for E-Learning: Editing and Producing Podcasts

The E-Learning Curve

So far in this series of posts about Podcasting for E-Learning from the E-Learning Curve Blog , I've covered a lot of material, including: A Brief History of Audio in Education The Four 'P's' of narration Introduction to Audio Production Digital Audio Basics Now, it's time to look in some depth at editing and producing podcast content. You don’t have to edit audio in a beginning-middle-end sequence. You can use Audacity to: Record live audio.

3 Common Mistakes in Translating Online Course Audio Scripts

CommLab India

We all know that good audio narration goes a long way in enhancing the efficacy of an e-learning course. It complements onscreen content and reduces cognitive load on the learner. Today, let us look at three common mistakes in translating an e-learning audio script. Correct pronunciation plays a key role in enhancing the quality of audio narration. So, the designers of online courses must provide clarity on how to pronounce words in the translated audio script.

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Podcasting for E-Learning: Critically Analyzing Podcasts

The E-Learning Curve

p.52) Next time: Fundamentals of Digital Audio Editing – New E-Learning Curve’s Other Podcast episode release: In Part 6: The Flying Boats at War During World War II, the civilian airlines of the Allies continued to fly, though perhaps the nature of the passengers had changed. Tags: digital audio file format Audio content development cognition content production process educational media technology in education podcast authoring podcast

A Podcast Service for the E-Learning Curve Blog

The E-Learning Curve

Tags: video e-learning Audio aviation flying boats learning channel cognitive theory of multimedia podcast history ireland

What is Learning Experience Design?


In contrast, Learning Experience Design is more focused on meeting the needs of learners through a holistic approach that takes into account cognitive science , user experience design (UX), the learning environment, and instructional design.