Situated Cognition

Clark Quinn

In a recent article , I wrote about three types of cognition that are changing how we think about how we think (how meta!). I think it’s important to understand these cognitions, and their implications. First, I want to talk about situated cognition. Cognitive psychology was a rebellion from this perspective. The shift came when Rumelhart & McClelland, in their PDP book, described what became known as neural networks.

Working with Cognitive Load

B Online Learning

I figured that if I knew more about information processing and learning, I could hopefully design more effective courses. I came across a book called Efficiency in Learning: Evidence-Based Guidelines to Manage Cognitive Loadby Ruth […]. When I first started working as an eLearninginstructional designer I became interested in the learning process and how people learn.


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Cognitive Bias in Education: the Pygmalion Effect


These erroneous judgments are called cognitive biases, and some 250 different ones are known to date. The Pygmalion effect is one of them, and the first step in preventing it is to know more about it. Related articles: Cognitive Bias: When Our Brain Plays Tricks On Us.

3 Ways to Use Cognitive Psychology to Improve Your Course


As it turns out, psychology—particularly cognitive psychology—has a lot of valuable lessons for e-learning. My early text books split subject material into units: we would spend a few weeks covering addition, then move to subtraction. However, there are far more effective ways to improve memory recall, most notably using a spaced repetition system. Cognitive psychology concepts aren’t about taking the easy road for expediency’s sake.

Brainstorming, Cognition, #lrnchat, and Innovative Thinking

Clark Quinn

Dave’s an interesting guy; he started XPlane as a firm to deliver meaningful graphics (which was recently bought by Dachis Group, and he’s recently been lead author on the book Gamestorming. The approach incorporates, on a quick survey, a lot of techniques to overcome our cognitive limitations. I wouldn’t be surprised to find salons in Dave’s book! Two recent events converged to spark some new thinking.

Cognitive Psychology Anyone?

The eLearning Coach

With this in mind, here are a few sites that feature cognitive psychology podcasts, research, articles and news. And just in case you’re new to this field, cognitive psychology is the discipline that examines our mental processes, such as attention, perception, memory and learning. Cognitive psychology uses an information-processing model to explain mental operations in computational terms. Cognitive Daily. Cognitive Science Blog.

Announcing the Brain Matters Coloring Book


I’m so excited about my new book, The Brain Matters Coloring Book ! This entailed filling in the black and white illustrations in the book with any colors you wanted. You may already own a coloring book. You’ve almost certainly noticed these “adult” coloring books in the store or online. In fact, the New York Times recently recognized a growing trend for coloring books to appear on their bestseller list. Get the book and explore for yourself!

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48 Books Every Aspiring Chief Learning Officer Should Read


This is why my team and I put together this list of forty-eight books. The books are organized by category: Books recommended by training experts (4). Learning books (4). Corporate training books (3). Instructional design books (6). Learning technology books (2). Virtual instructor-led training books (3). Evaluation & Feedback books (4). Motivation & Gamification books (5). Talent management books (3).

The Google Effect


I recently heard a term that was new to me, “ The Google Effect.” It turns out that there’s been quite a lot of research into the effects of online search on our brains and our apparent decline in the ability to remember things. Nicholas Carr, in his book, The Shallows , paints a scary picture of an entire generation that is nearly incapable of “deep learning,” but very adept at “skimming.”. ” So of course, what did I do? I googled it.

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Cammy Beans Learning Visions: Another take on Cognitive Load Theory

Learning Visions

Wednesday, April 18, 2007 Another take on Cognitive Load Theory The authors of the Eide Neurolearning Blog weigh in on recent research and articles on cognitive load (including the death of Powerpoint that have been talked about here ). While they recognize that some of this info is useful for understanding ways to effectively present information, ".the Blog Book Tour: Learning in 3D #lrn3d Allison Rossett: ELearning Isn’t What You Think It.

Cammy Beans Learning Visions: Cognitive Flexibility Theory & Multiple Representations

Learning Visions

Wednesday, May 09, 2007 Cognitive Flexibility Theory & Multiple Representations After reading Clarks comment on my posting from yesterday , Ive been looking into Cognitive Flexibility Theory (Spiro), trying to better understand the notion of "multiple representations." (You This allows the learner to be more flexible in her understanding of the material, so that she can effectively apply it to concepts in the real world (knowledge transfer).

5 More Great Books for Your Learning & Development Bookshelf

Mike Taylor

In case you missed it, Connie Malamed and JD Dillon both recently recommended 5 good books for Learning & Development pros. Five New L&D Books To Check Out by Connie Malamed ( @elearningcoach ). Since Connie and JD got me thinking about it, I thought I’d share five books that have been helpful for me. Mager and Pipe do this from a holistic perspective focused on finding the true problem and then looking for the most effective and efficient solution.

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The Training Manager’s Guide to Accessible Elearning

The Learning Dispatch

Why enable people who have disabilities relating to hearing, vision, mobility, or cognition to access the training that your organization provides? How About: Accessible Elearning Is Effective Elearning. In this context, accessibility means making digital content available to and usable by those with disabilities, most often disabilities relating to vision, hearing, mobility, or cognition. How About: Accessible Elearning Is Effective Elearning.

The Training Manager’s Guide to Accessible Elearning

The Learning Dispatch

Why enable people who have disabilities relating to hearing, vision, mobility, or cognition to access the training that your organization provides? How About: Accessible Elearning Is Effective Elearning. In this context, accessibility means making digital content available to and usable by those with disabilities, most often disabilities relating to vision, hearing, mobility, or cognition. How About: Accessible Elearning Is Effective Elearning.

Sneak Peak: My Book on Gamification of Learning and Instruction

Kapp Notes

For a while I have been stealthy working on a book titled “The Gamification of Learning and Instruction&#. Here is some leaked info about the book…look for it in Spring 2012. Chapter Four reviews research studies describing the effectiveness of games as well as the effectiveness of specific game elements such as the use of avatars and third person vs. first person view point.

The Grail of Effective and Engaging Learning Experiences

Clark Quinn

While there are many dimensions that could be considered, for the sake of simplicity let’s characterize the two important ones as effectiveness of our learning and the engagement of the experience. If we map the space, we see that the lower left is the space of low engagement and low effectiveness. Moving up the diagram, however, towards increasing effectiveness, is an area that’s less populated. This is a cost-effective balance.

Three Guidelines for Effectively Integrating Games in the Classroom

Kapp Notes

Instructional support to help learners understand how to use the game increases the instruction effectiveness of the gaming experience by allowing learners to focus on the instructional information rather than the requirements of the game. The effectiveness of instructional games: A literature review and. Effective Electronic Gaming in Education (Vol. A meta-analytic examination of the instructional effectiveness of computer-based simulation games. Books.

At the very heart of the feeling of personal effectiveness


The basis of social-cognitive theory. This notion is at the heart of his social-cognitive theory, which explains human development and functioning through continuous and reciprocal interactions between personal, behavioural and environmental (or contextual) factors.

Recommended Reading Summary: A Chapter of “From Practice Fields to Communities of Practice”

Adobe Captivate

I’ve since started writing chapter summaries (here is the first one ) so people can “preview” some of the great books out there and hopefully end up reading them! Cognitive activity utilizes the symbols to perform computations, which we define as thinking. Rather than teaching abstract concepts, it is more effective to engage a learner in authentic tasks that use the skills and concepts being taught.

The 10 best Instructional design books: Resources for beginners and professionals


That’s why we’ve compiled a list of 10 books on Instructional Design (ISD) and related topics that, in our opinion, are considered “must read” or “highly valuable” resources on the subject. If you are relatively new to the field, this is one of the books on Instructional Design that will prove invaluable in helping you get a better understanding of the core principles of your profession. Plus, what’s better than taking a book to the beach?

Break Out the Crayons – Your Brain Needs to Color!


This entailed filling in the black and white illustrations in the book with any colors you wanted. You may already own a coloring book. You’ve almost certainly noticed these “adult” coloring books in the store or online. In fact, the New York Times recently recognized a growing trend for coloring books to appear on their best seller list. There is also the effect that different colors have on cognitive function to consider. Coloring is great for kids.

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10 Helpful Resources for Online Course Designers


The following resources (including my own book) will not only help you get started in the field of instructional design, but will also help you create high-impact courses and training solutions for your target audience. Books. This book is ideal for novices. This book is grounded in the science of memory, learning, and retention. This book will help you create more visually compelling learning content. Like other books by Ruth C.

Learning theories

Ed App

Learning theories unpack complex cognitive processes and provide useful mental models for educators to structure and design courses around, while also providing insights on best practice during and after learning experiences. cognitive strategies refer to internal processes and metacognition).

The science of learning: Thoughts from the experts

Obsidian Learning

For a lot more useful information, check out Julie’s book: Design for How People Learn. Alice also studies the “spacing effect” and conducts a series of research using “event-related potentials” (ERPs). Learning Resources adult learning cognitive scienceThe first session I attended at ATD ICE after the Opening Session was a panel on the Science of Learning.

Are These the Three E-Learning Books You Would Recommend?

Rapid eLearning

I get a lot of questions about book recommendations from people just getting started with elearning. You can only bring three books. Visual design : Is the course visually appealing and use effective visual communication? Here are the books I’d recommend to those stranded elearning developers who are just getting started and want to build their elearning skills so they’ll be prepared when rescued from the island. This book is a good start.


1-Minute Guides for 6 Top eLearning-Related Books

SHIFT eLearning

Have you ever stared at the computer wondering how to make your eLearning course more effective? Regardless of experience, all eLearning course designers and developers should continually seek new understanding and pursue ongoing developments in the field, and one of the best ways to do it is through reading books. Recommended book #1 : Visual Language for Designers: Principles for Creating Graphics by Connie Malamad.

10 Book Recommendations From Varied Fields

The eLearning Coach

This seemed like the appropriate time of year to offer my recommendations of books from a variety of disciplines that you might find intriguing for yourself or as gifts. If you’re familiar with Anne Lamott’s novels, you’ll love her book on writing. For technical books, O’Reilly Publishers is top of the line. This wildly popular book is almost a classic and is in its second edition. Non-Designer’s Design Book by Robin Williams.

Comic Books and eLearning: Lessons from Scott McCloud’s “Understanding Comics: The Invisible Art”

Convergence Training

In an earlier blog post, we took a quick introductory look at some connections between comic books and eLearning. And in that article, we promised to follow up with a second article that focuses on the classic book Understanding Comics: The Invisible Art by Scott McCloud. And we also promised that the second article would focus on some lessons from comic book design that we can apply to the design of eLearning other forms of learning. Will it be a book? A comic book?”

New recommended readings

Clark Quinn

Of late, I’ve been reading quite a lot, and I’m finding some very interesting books. As to self-serving, unless you write an absolute mass best-seller, the money you make off books is trivial. So, the first book I want to recommend is Annie Murphy Paul’s The Extended Mind.

PowerPoint Best Practices for Delivering Effective Online Training

ePath Learning

But are PowerPoint courses really effective? About the Author: Carrie Wiser is a Learning Advocate who applies cognitive science, instructional theory and years of practical experience to design more effective courses. When she’s not demystifying content, she takes day trips, explores nature, tries to become a better gardener, and reads a wide variety of books.

An Exuberant discovery for Lonely and Stressed-out eLearners

Vignettes Learning

Sherry Turkle reminds us in her book “Alone Together” about this issue. “We Judy Willis writes in Psychology Today and " The Neuroscience of Joyful Education :" [W]hen we scrub joy and comfort from the classroom, we distance our students from effective information processing and long-term memory storage. storytelling mentoring vignetteslearning cognition stories Story-design tacit knowledge core capabilities informal learning adult learning

Top 10 Instructional Design Tips for Effective eLearning

CommLab India

Instructional Design (ID) plays a crucial role in designing an engaging and effective e-learning course. Set effective learning objectives. Experts suggest that a game can be effective only if the design of the game matches the learning outcomes. Use effective audio and videos . Audio in a course should reduce cognitive load on the learners. Here are some tips to make effective use of audio, it should: Explain visuals.

Conflict resolution

Learning with 'e's

In this post, we continue to explore Festinger''s work, this time focusing on his theory of cognitive dissonance. Festinger called this phenomenon cognitive dissonance. In effect, says Festinger, we seek to reduce our dissonance through attempting to rationalise our thoughts and beliefs and those with which they conflict. Cognitive dissonance is essentially a theory of motivation through conflict resolution. London: Book Club Associates.

The shape of minds to come

Learning with 'e's

She made some important contributions to his stages of cognitive development theory (which will be featured in greater depth in some upcoming articles on this blog). It could be argued that these decisions were made because of Inhelder and Piaget''s cognitive stages theory. Deductive reasoning methods can therefore also be applied to good effect in just about any lesson on any subject. Basic Books. This is number 17 in my series on learning theories.

Effective Training Visuals—Add a Spark of Interest


Here’s the sixth in a series of blog posts written to help you evaluate elearning courses by considering how well their visuals add to the effectiveness of the training. As a final reminder, the ideas below originated in the book Visual Language for Designers: Principles for Creating Graphics that People Understand by Connie Malamed. Also, keep your eye out for the new book that she’s writing now; we’re sure it will be great when it’s ready.

Finding the Most Effective Course For Your Learning Objective


Traditional methods of educational transference (books, lectures and most online training programs) have far less of an effect on contemporary employees than one might think. Bloom’s Taxonomy), there are three domains in which learners attain information: Cognitive (learning facts and figures). The majority of elearning courses already address the cognitive domain. So how do you select the most effective course for your learning objective?

ID Support Thyself

Clark Quinn

As I discuss in my forthcoming book , there are nuances to each of the elements of learning design (as I also talked about for Learnnovators). In this great book, he talks about his own inspiring efforts in the context of other high-risk/high-value endeavors such as flight and construction.

A List of Brain-based Strategies to Create Effective eLearning

SHIFT eLearning

There is a simple way to design effective eLearning courses about any subject: brain-based learning. The human brain runs on 90 to 120 cycles called ultradian rhythms, which influence attention, interest, cognition, memory, visual perception, arousal, performance, moods, and behavior. Therefore, the most effective eLearning courses repeat information through a variety of ways such as video, images, charts, before and after modules and graphic organizers.

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Realistic Graphics and Learning: What’s most effective?

The eLearning Coach

And if so, how much realism will be most effective? Surprisingly, a lot of research points to the opposite; realistic graphics are frequently not as effective as those with reduced realism. Low-fidelity graphics can be more effective for learning when you need to: Provide an explanation to people with limited knowledge of the content. Many times, you can achieve the most effective visual communication by abstracting and simplifying a graphic.

If not the myths person, then…?

Clark Quinn

Despite the book , that’s not really my role. Another way to bucket me would be the learning science person (my next book ). Yes, I did write a book about myths. Because, L&D should properly be aligned with learning (and cognitive) science.