Recommended Reading Summary: A Chapter of “From Practice Fields to Communities of Practice”

Adobe Captivate

Last October, I posted some recommended reading that complemented one of my classes on gamification. I’ve since started writing chapter summaries (here is the first one ) so people can “preview” some of the great books out there and hopefully end up reading them! Chapter 2: From Practice Fields to Communities of Practice by Sasha Barab and Thomas Duffy (2012). based on levels of performance rather than academic interests.

Situated Cognition In eLearning: What eLearning Professionals Should Know

TalentLMS

Learners must be able to put their knowledge to use outside the virtual classroom, and simulating real world challenges is one of the best ways to achieve this. In this article, I’ll shed light on the situated cognition theory, from its core principles to tips that will help you use it in your next eLearning course. Situated cognition is based on the idea that learning is most effective when it is in context. 4 Situated Cognition Best Practices.

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ASAE Annual: A Gathering of People Who Build Communities of Practice

Web Courseworks

Due to a cancellation of this year’s Technology Conference, a lot of focus will be put on the learning labs for the Business of Technology track, and I have a feeling it will not be a disappointment. Associations can create communitites of practice. Since taking graduate level courses in Adult Learning Theory, I have been intrigued by Lave and Wengers’ writings on communities of practice.

Situated Cognition And Meaningful Learning In College Classrooms

Dan Keckan

Situated cognition can help instructors approach their classrooms as communities of practice (CoP) and see their students as apprentices in new fields of learning. Instructional Design Higher Education Instructional Design Theories Situated Cognition Social LearningKnowing how to apply what is being learned in the classroom to the real world is essential for college students.

From novice to expert

Learning with 'e's

I''m working through the alphabet of psychologists and theorists, providing a brief overview of each theory, and how it can be applied in education. The last post highlighted issues around the andragogy theory of Malcolm Knowles. In this post, we review the situated learning theory of Jean Lave. As usual, this is a simplified interpretation of the theory, so if you wish to learn more, please read the associated literature.

Taxonomy of Learning Theories

E-Learning Provocateur

Some of them are old, some of them are new. Some are flash-in-the-pan, others stand the test of time and remain applicable to this very day. Some of them are controversial, while others have assumed the aura of conventional wisdom. Some of them are simple, while others are incomprehensible to mere mortals. To clear some of the obfuscation that surrounds learning theory, I have developed the following Taxonomy of Learning Theories.

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Knowledge, practice and community

Learning with 'e's

After a break from blogging during the summer break, I''m back, and here is the continuation of my series on theories of learning, with number 25. You may recall that I''m working through the alphabet of psychologists and theorists, providing a brief overview of each theory, and how it can be applied in education. The previous post highlighted issues around the situated learning theory of Jean Lave. Anderson ACT-R Cognitive Architecture 2.

Content is a tyrant.

Learning with 'e's

The imminent arrival of widespread 4G broadband and LTE ( Long Term Evolution ) will usher in wider availability to information and push even more data to our mobile devices over the same amount of radio spectrum. But in adopting these communication advances, are we also opening the door for a deluge of content? Are we not already swamped by a tsunami of content? Knowledge comes about through learning and through the diligent application of information.

Is all learning social?

Learning with 'e's

Just about every day I find myself embroiled in a discussions about fundamentals of learning, the nature of knowledge and the processes of education. It comes with the territory of working as an academic in a university, and I expect to do it much of the time. In the post I made the remark that today's learning needs to be personal, social and global, all of which can be mediated through technology. This is known as the zone of proximal development (ZPD).

Make it Meaningful: Elements

Clark Quinn

This is the third of four posts about making learning meaningful. Here, I’ll talk about Introductions, Examples, Practice, and Closings. The introduction first, of course, hooks them in as we talked about in the first post. This is the topic of the third week!

Learning, making and powerful ideas

Learning with 'e's

I''m working through the alphabet of psychologists and theorists, providing a brief overview of each theory, and how it can be applied in education. My last post explored Donald Norman''s ideas around perception and the design of every day objects. In this post, the work of Seymour Papert will feature, especially his work on learning through making, also known as constructionism. By contrast, when a child learns to program, the process of learning is transformed.

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Stage by stage

Learning with 'e's

Psychologists and cognitive scientists have offered a number of useful theories that aid our understanding of learning. In this series I''m providing a brief overview of the theories, and how each can be applied in education. My last post explored the work of Allan Paivio and his theory of dual coding. In this post we examine one of the most influential theories of the 20th Century - the stages of cognitive development model proposed by Jean Piaget.

In two minds

Learning with 'e's

Psychologists and cognitive scientists have offered a number of useful theories that aid our understanding of learning. In this series I''m providing a brief overview of each theory, and how each can be applied in education. My last post explored the work of Seymour Papert and his theory of learning by making , also known as constructionism. In this post we return to the cognitive domain, with an examination of Allan Paivio''s theory of dual coding.

I store my knowledge with my friends

Learning with e's

I'm at Colchester Institute on Friday to present a workshop entitled: Communities, Spaces and Pedagogies for the Digital Age. It's for a Learning and Teaching development day the Institute is holding where they will explore the theme of Transformational Learning and Teaching. I have spoken several times on transformation learning, and a few years ago actually brought out a book about the transformational power of ICT in education.

Words in mind

Learning with 'e's

Psychologists and cognitive scientists have offered a number of useful theories that aid our understanding of learning. In this series I have been providing a brief overview of each theory, and how each can be applied in education. The last post in this series featured the stages of cognitive development model proposed by Jean Piaget. The Theory In human experience, memory and recall are the twin cognitive processes upon which all learning is based.

Unpacking collaboration and cooperation?

Clark Quinn

My colleague, Harold Jarche ( the PKM guy), has maintained that cooperation is of more value than collaboration. And for good reason, because cooperation comes from internal motivation instead of external direction. It’s about locus of control.

When Will AI Stop Being “Artificial?”

Learningtogo

It was coined by mathematician John von Neumann to define a theoretical moment when the artificial intelligence of computers surpasses the capacity of the human brain. The term is borrowed from physics and quantum mechanics, where the term gravitational singularity is used in the study of black holes. While we are far from attaining the goal of artificial intelligence, there was a brief flurry of excitement recently when a computer passed the Turing Test , to mixed reviews.

What Does It Mean to Be Intelligent?

Learningtogo

It was coined by mathematician John von Neumann to define a theoretical moment when the artificial intelligence of computers surpasses the capacity of the human brain. The term is borrowed from physics and quantum mechanics, where the term gravitational singularity is used in the study of black holes. While we are far from attaining the goal of artificial intelligence, there was a brief flurry of excitement recently when a computer passed the Turing Test , to mixed reviews.

Symbiosis

Clark Quinn

One of the themes I’ve been strumming in presentations is one where we complement what we do well with tools that do well the things we don’t. A colleague reminded me that JCR Licklider wrote of this decades ago (and I’ve similarly followed the premise from the writings of Vannevar Bush, Doug Engelbart, and Don Norman, among others). Of course, this is only in the case of known problems, the ‘optimal execution’ phase of organizational learning.

Key Social Learning Resources: Part 2

Jane Hart

not only about learning from others, but about continuously learning from others at the time of need to get the job done.”. “This mentality is very different from the mindset that many of us are used to – officially “learning&# or gaining knowledge during a teaching session, but then immediately storing that knowledge away afterwards in order to “get back to work.&#. But too often there is talk of the need for “community management&#.

How To Create an Interactive Learning School and Engage Your Learners

learnWorlds

“In the social learning system, new patterns of behavior can be acquired through direct experience or by observing the behavior of others.”, An Ecology of Learning. Built-in Community Inside Every School. Advantages of Social Learning to Edupreneurs.

27 Books for L&D Folks.

ID Reflections

There are many more that can be added to the list but I will keep that for another post…You can see some of them in the picture of my bookshelf above. Some of the might seem out of place in a list for L&D folks, but I think it is important to read around a subject to understand the context, and the emerging patterns. 6 Knowledge Management Cultivating Communities of Practice Etienne Wegner, et al. Cognitive Surplus Clay Shirky.

Presence Pedagogy: Needs Some More Dimensions

Kapp Notes

Flying around in VirtualU: Sense of space is important in virtual learning environments. As the abstract to the article indicates: Presence Pedagogy is a way of teaching and learning that is grounded in social constructivist theory. In it, the concepts of presence, building a true community of practice, and constructing an online environment which fosters collaboration for reflective learning are paramount.

Sims as CTA

Clark Quinn

I had several great conversations over the course of last week’s #mLearnCon that triggered some interesting thoughts. We were talking about both the value of sims to support deep practice, and the difficulty in getting the necessary knowledge out of the subject matter expert (SME). First, the best method to get the knowledge out of the heads of SMEs is Cognitive Task Analysis (CTA).

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Starting from scratch

Clark Quinn

From a conversation with my ITA colleagues, talking about the (self-imposed) death of L&D that Charles wrote about, Jane wondered what we might do if we were starting from scratch. I decided to take this on, thinking about an org that was already in operation, with it’s goals, processes, and practices, and what I might do if I were to come in and get it going (with the support of the executive team to do what I thought was right).

Personal Learning Networks: For Ongoing Learning in a Connected World

ID Reflections

I have recently joined the open section of #MSLOC 430 - a graduate course in the Master''s Program in Learning and Organizational Change at Northwestern University. The four topics we are planning to deep dive into in the first two weeks are: a) Networked learning, b) Personal Learning Networks, c) MOOCs, and d) Communities of Inquiry. These are all areas of interest for me, and my hope and plan is to find (make) sufficient time to explore each of these in depth.

5 Strategies to Maximize and Measure the Impact of Training Programs

EI Design

A majority of the trainings get delivered as planned and are normally tracked for registrations, completions, timely completions, and assessment scores. This is a tough mandate to do justice to; there is a need for resources at several levels, over an extended period of time.

5 Tips for building your resilience in trying times

Matrix

Within the hippocampus and amygdala, seats of memory and emotion, dendrites shrink and synapses vanish. Cognitive function declines, depression sinks in, the immune system weakens, and metabolism goes awry.”.

Initial reflections on Slow Learning #change11

Clark Quinn

A couple of themes have emerged that partly I want to elaborate on, and partly want to reflect upon. One of the themes that emerged is the rejection of the GPS idea, and extolling a preference for getting lost (I did explicitly mention that GPS’s do not help you learn the terrain, but I’ll add that they could). One of the issues is, for me, where you want to learn, and where you don’t.

Re-imagining Work & Learning in a Networked World

ID Reflections

"The nature of work is changing. The changes to society will be vast" by @gapingvoid We are on the eve of 2015! Most of us do a retrospection of the year gone by, and a future-spection of the year to come. These are The Shift: The Future of Work is Already Here by Dr. Lynda Gratton (a book review coming up soon), and The Second Machine Age by Andrew Mcafee and Erik Brynjolfsson. This has wide-ranging implication on learning and the future of work.

My takeaways from OEB18: communities, AI and 3D-smarts and some very practical stuff

Joitske Hulsebosch eLearning

when it ended, but completely energized and full of new ideas! I followed his advice of doing a pre-conference session with Jef Staes which was one of my highlights. He notices people were looking for practical applications, whereas a conference like this is to challenge your thinking. My thinking was sharpened, but I also took away really practical lessons for the things I am working on (like the idea to embed peergradio in Moodle for instance.)

Learning with and from others

Litmos

Not least because it’s been rattling around in my brain of late, for reasons having to do with learning experience design. What sorts of activities can tap into this power? When we are presented with learning material (hopefully as part of a learning experience), we process it.

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The Social Learning Revolution in eLearning

TalentLMS

The boom in social media and the round-the-clock need to connect in communities is doing wonders for the eLearning industry. Social learning is an age-old learning and teaching strategy, backed by many cognitive scientists. Leveraging social learning with the eLearning content is the new norm of eLearning courses. Let’s examine some top benefits of social learning in organizations. The learner is not a passive recipient of information.

How to go about a multi-generational approach to e-learning

Matrix

Read more: Setting knowledge profiles for different generations of employees. In this article, I will note some of the strategies that will prove effective in rendering corporate learning content that will be relevant and useful to a wide array of users.

Why You Should Adopt Social Learning

EI Design

It is exciting to be part of the new era in corporate learning that leverages on social and collaborative learning. In this article, I will outline why you should adopt social learning ; I will also outline some best practices and ideas on where you can use social learning meaningfully. What are the aspects that most of the popular social networks provide that can be used to learn or collaborate and learn? The learner is not a passive recipient of information.

DevLearn 2016: Must see sessions to spark your creativity

Sponge UK

This year the tagline for the show is Sparking Creativity, and the keynote sessions back that up with a variety of speakers who will inspire and excite. The Magic of Storytelling and Learning. Best known as part of the magician duo Penn and Teller, Penn Jillette’s stage show is about explaining the magical performance whilst still amazing audiences. Karen co-hosts the responsive web design podcast with Ethan Marcote, a pioneer of the concept.

Who's in charge?

Learning with 'e's

In this series I have been providing a brief overview of each theory, and how each can be applied in education. The most recent post in this series featured spreading activation theory - a theory adapted from a hierarchical model of memory proposed by Ross Quillian and Allan Collins. In this post, I present a brief overview of Julian Rotter's locus of control theory. The theory explains social dimensions of personality. Anderson ACT-R Cognitive Architecture 2.

Self fulfilling prophecies

Learning with 'e's

This is number 36 in my continuing series of blog posts about learning theories. Psychology has contributed much to our understanding of how people learn, and listed alphabetically below are all of the previous theories I have featured in this series. My most recent post featured locus of control theory, and today's post is about the Pygmalion Effect in education. It is important for teachers to realise that the potential impact of what they say and do can be profound.

8 Best practices to facilitate informal learning

Matrix

Educating children and young people is the main concern of parents starting with the potty and ending with a good college. And even though formal education is definitely important and plays a big role in their development, it’s actually but a small piece of the picture. They hear about Santa Claus around Christmas, they find out about marine creatures when they visit an aquarium and they get familiar with all sorts of noises and textures by experiencing them.

Learning as dialogue

Learning with 'e's

Many of the earlier learning theories place the learner in splendid isolation. From the neo-behaviourist theories of Thorndike, Watson and Skinner, we were led to believe that learners respond to stimuli and make associations between the two, and that these links represent learning. This prompted new approaches in schools that included discovery learning and progressive curricula that neatly reflected Piaget''s stages of cognitive development model.