Cammy Beans Learning Visions: Another take on Cognitive Load Theory

Learning Visions

Wednesday, April 18, 2007 Another take on Cognitive Load Theory The authors of the Eide Neurolearning Blog weigh in on recent research and articles on cognitive load (including the death of Powerpoint that have been talked about here ). While they recognize that some of this info is useful for understanding ways to effectively present information, ".the Cammy at Learning Solutions #ls2010 Audio Interview with Will Thalheimer on Common Des.

Cammy Beans Learning Visions: Cognitive Flexibility Theory & Multiple Representations

Learning Visions

Wednesday, May 09, 2007 Cognitive Flexibility Theory & Multiple Representations After reading Clarks comment on my posting from yesterday , Ive been looking into Cognitive Flexibility Theory (Spiro), trying to better understand the notion of "multiple representations." (You This allows the learner to be more flexible in her understanding of the material, so that she can effectively apply it to concepts in the real world (knowledge transfer).


Sign Up for our Newsletter

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.

How to Create Effective Test Questions


If every student answers a question correctly, does that mean your question is too easy, or is it a perfect example of an effective test question? How to Create Effective Tests and Quizzes. Then you could devise an exam which includes all the necessary topics while simultaneously testing the students’ cognitive functions in their explanation of those terms. Image: “ Quiz ” by Animated Heaven, via Flickr Creative Commons License.

#BrainTime 2: Time will tell

Learning with 'e's

It seems to be a universal effect that just about everyone experiences as they grow older. Scientists have reported an effect where people who are at sea-level experience time more slowly than those who are at altitude.

Making memories

Learning with 'e's

Adaptive Control of Thought - Rational - abbreviated to ACT-R (also known as ATC*) - is a cognitive theory of learning that is concerned with the way memory is structured. The so called cognitive architecture of ACT-R is made up of three main components. At the same time, encouraging students to combine their knowledge with actions can have the effect of reinforcing learning in both procedural and declarative memory.

Conflict resolution

Learning with 'e's

In this post, we continue to explore Festinger''s work, this time focusing on his theory of cognitive dissonance. Festinger called this phenomenon cognitive dissonance. In effect, says Festinger, we seek to reduce our dissonance through attempting to rationalise our thoughts and beliefs and those with which they conflict. Cognitive dissonance is essentially a theory of motivation through conflict resolution. 1957) A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance.

Mind technology

Learning with 'e's

The tools I use are a kind of mind technology, a means of extending my cognitive capabilities, enhancing my thinking, memory and recall. I''m able to organise my content effectively using other specific tools. It would take me a lot longer though, and I would have to divert more cognitive energy away from the core stuff. Canadian theorist Marshall McLuhan wasn''t the only one to notice the effect media have on thinking. Can technology help us to think more clearly?

The shape of minds to come

Learning with 'e's

She made some important contributions to his stages of cognitive development theory (which will be featured in greater depth in some upcoming articles on this blog). It could be argued that these decisions were made because of Inhelder and Piaget''s cognitive stages theory. Deductive reasoning methods can therefore also be applied to good effect in just about any lesson on any subject. cognitive development deductive reasoning education Inhelder learning Piaget stage theory

Learning with robots

Learning with 'e's

Not to be confused with constructivism (the theory first proposed in its cognitive form by Jean Piaget, and in its social form by Levrenti Vygotskii). This remains a very effective learning device - children love the idea of robots, and enjoy being able to control them. This video demonstrates how the theory can be applied to scaffold children's numeracy skills Learning with robots by Steve Wheeler is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0

A steep learning curve

Learning with 'e's

He also found that there is a spacing effect that influences how much we can recall over a period of time. How it can be applied to education Teachers know that content can be presented in a variety of sequences, but that some sequences are more effective than others. Teachers should know that primacy recency effects are often present in the forgetting curve. For the more difficult content, regular revision over time can be more effective than a single mass delivery.

Just an illusion?

Learning with 'e's

I took them on a brief tour of cognitive processes, including the human senses, memory and recall, and the representation of reality through perception. I showed how these processes connect up into cognitive architectures, through an analysis of the biological, psychological and physiological. The effect of teachers believing that certain students are bright, whilst others are less intelligent often results in a self-fulfilling prophecy.

Cammy Beans Learning Visions: NewsFlash: PowerPoint Bad For Learning

Learning Visions

The article cites new research from the University of New South Wales (home of John Sweller, "founding father" of Cognitive Load Theory). It is effective to speak to a diagram, because it presents information in a different form. But it is not effective to speak the same words that are written, because it is putting too much load on the mind and decreases your ability to understand what is being presented."

The shape of minds to come

Learning with 'e's

She made some important contributions to his stages of cognitive development theory (which will be featured in greater depth in some upcoming articles on this blog). It could be argued that these decisions were made because of Inhelder and Piaget's cognitive stages theory. Deductive reasoning methods can therefore also be applied to good effect in just about any lesson on any subject. cognitive development deductive reasoning education Inhelder learning Piaget stage theory

Cammy Beans Learning Visions: Jane Bozarth: Better than Bullet Points

Learning Visions

Effective design using PPT as a tool. It’s very easy to load content on slides – but it takes more creativity to move learner to actual understanding! Organize: outlines headings graphics structure text (compare/contrast, cause/effect, classification order/sequence) Integrate: illustrations with captions animation with narration worked-out examples elaborative questions Take all of the info and make better sense of it for the learner.

PPT 161

I Believe that Learning is Inherently Social

Tom Spiglanin

We may follow a manual to effect a repair we’ve never attempted before. Learning by experience can be quite effective. ” But while effective, it isn’t terribly efficient on its own. Learning alone may be effective, but very inefficient. It’s efficient in some ways, but it’s not effective. It seems to be both effective and efficient at transferring skills, knowledge, and even attitudes about the Starbucks customer experience.

Social 195

9 Budget-Friendly Ways to Revamp Outdated Online Training Content

Infopro Learning

Here are 9 cost-effective ways to revamp outdated online training content as quickly as possible. De-cluttering your eLearning course design can give it a cost-effective makeover. This helps to prevent cognitive overload and allows them to retain the takeaways instead of trying to soak up information that no longer applies to their job duties or responsibilities. Has your online training gone sour?

Budget 239

Video: The power and the story

Learning with 'e's

Notwithstanding the student attention issues, I explained that video can be at its most effective when it is used in short bursts as a stimulus to enrich and extend learning, to promote discussion, encourage collaboration and to challenge students' thinking - but definitely not as a replacement for the teacher. Video seems to be deeply embedded into the toolkit of educators, because it can be a powerful medium, but whether it is used effectively is open to debate.

#BrainTime 1: Well I never

Learning with 'e's

Photo from Needpix This is the first in the #BrainTime series on the effects of time on the human mind. Those are strange enough, as are auditory hallucinations, as are the incredible effects of 4DX cinema Surround sound that you can experience at the big screen venues.

Cammy Beans Learning Visions: Visual and Auditory Multi-Tasking

Learning Visions

Monday, June 18, 2007 Visual and Auditory Multi-Tasking From the Eide Neurolearning Blog: Voluntary Control of Attention - Visual and Auditory Multi-Tasking There is a yin and yang effect between visual and auditory attention. Mixed visual-auditory stimuli have an underadditive effect, so that if you have to do both at the same time, total brain activation goes down. Maybe the "underadditive effect" occurs when a multimedia presentation does all the thinking for you.

IM 100

Passing of the year

Learning with 'e's

Salomon, an educational psychologist from Israel, was interested in studying the effects of technology on cognition and learning. Perhaps his greatest contribution to our knowledge about educational technology came in the form of his theory of transfer of learning (a theory that can be applied to learning through problem solving), but he also did extensive work into the optimal design of cognitive tools and learning environments.

Self fulfilling prophecies

Learning with 'e's

My most recent post featured locus of control theory, and today's post is about the Pygmalion Effect in education. The theory Robert Rosethal and Leonora Jacobson conducted studies in American schools during the 1960s focused on the effect teachers can have on the learning performances of children. This effect is commonly known in education as the ' Pygmalion effect ' but is more accurately referred to as the 'observer-expectancy effect'.

Activity learning

Learning with 'e's

plans, cognitive maps) to achieve their goals. Teachers should also be aware that tools can limit as well as enable social interaction, so must be applied wisely and appropriately to promote the most effective learning. This is number 8 in my series on learning theories. My intention is to work through the alphabet of psychologists and provide a brief overview of each theory, and how it can be applied in education.

Memories are made of this

Learning with 'e's

We start off with some useful ideas around proposed cognitive architectures - how we image human memory is organised. Dual Coding Model Canadian cognitive psychologist Allan Paivio will probably be remember most for his work on Dual Coding Theory. Working Memory Model Both Paivio and Baddeley saw the importance of identifying different kinds of memory and how they can be represented within cognition. Memory is very important. It is the basis of all human thought and learning.

Behave yourself

Learning with 'e's

She proposed 6 characteristics of normal behaviour: Efficient self perception Realistic self esteem and acceptance True perception of the world Self direction and productivity Voluntary control of behaviour Sustaining relationships and giving affection How it can be applied in education The above listed characteristics seem intuitive, but teachers need to be aware of them and their effects on learning. Anderson ACT-R Cognitive Architecture 2.

Excavating knowledge

Learning with 'e's

From this 'cognitive constructivist' perspective, learning is achieved through the twin processes of assimilation and accommodation. The latter implies that new learning is 'bolted onto', or constructed within, existing cognitive structures known as schemas. Although the notion of the schema is contentious, it has been largely accepted as a useful means of describing discrete cognitive processes that feature regular rules, actions and processes.

Authentic learning

Learning with 'e's

Most people learn best by being "with it," yet school makes them identify their personal, cognitive growth with elaborate planning and manipulation.' Some of the most effective learning methods involve students doing and making, problem solving, and playing games, all of which comply with the notion of being in a meaningful setting. 1989) Situated cognition and the culture of learning. 1988) Cognition in Practice: Mind, Mathematics and Culture in Everyday Life.

#3quotes from Bruner

Learning with 'e's

Bruner placed great emphasis on prior learning, cognitive mapping and the formation of schemas in learning. Whether he is learning the procedures that constitute the skills of attending, communicating, manipulating objects, locomoting, or indeed, a more effective problem solving procedure itself, there are usually others in attendance who help him on his way."

The AfL truth about assessment

Learning with 'e's

Shouldn''t curricula and assessment (especially the high stakes kind) now focus more on the kinds of knowledge and cognitive skills students need to survive and thrive in an information rich world? Testing in many schools is far too frequently administered in many schools to be effective and many exams still rely heavily on the testing of fact based learning - essentially the testing of crystallised intelligence.

#3quotes from Illich

Learning with 'e's

He was instead bemoaning the long-lasting detrimental effects traditional schooling exerts on individuals in society, suggesting that dependence on authority led to social regression. Most people learn best by being 'with it,' yet school makes them identify their personal, cognitive growth with elaborate planning and manipulation." (p This is a continuation of my short blog series on 3 quotes from seminal education writers.

How to make Rapid eLearning work for your organization


We have some interesting facts that reinforce the notion of eLearning solutions as effective knowledge management tools. . Often, employees come across new discoveries, innovative methods and successful procedures but fail to share them effectively with peers. Cover areas such as plagiarism and Creative Commons. Human cognition sciences tell us that we learn and retain better when we are responsible for creating and implementing our own learning.

Nine Training Alternatives to ‘Correct’ and ‘Incorrect’


Even though it seems futile, this is one of the most common types of feedback we use in e-learning courses to respond to user actions and answers. In addition, there is evidence that explanatory feedback reduces cognitive load. They are thought to be effective with learners who have limited prerequisite knowledge because these examples reduce cognitive load. Image used under Creative Commons by Flickr user jepoirrier.

Here comes the SAMR

Learning with 'e's

Technology integration results in digital tools being embedded into learning, so that for example maker cultures emerge, or the classroom activities are flipped , supporting more effective pedagogies and improving student learning outcomes. In retrospect we know that many teachers had little time to learn how to use these new technologies effectively, so merely used them to write on and to display their slides, as though they were traditional chalk boards or projection screens.

Vygotsky, Piaget and YouTube

Learning with 'e's

They would need to progress through a strictly defined set of cognitive stages before they were ready to learn at the next level. In effect, the technology is now mediating the social interaction between learner and knowledgeable other person. Photo by Anne Roberts Vygotsky, Piaget and YouTube by Steve Wheeler is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 The world is changing, and it''s largely due to the proliferation of technology.

Questions, questions

Learning with 'e's

Asking questions is always more effective than receiving answers, because it opens up all the possibilities and allows the questioner to frame the world in their own unique, individual way. Children need to ask questions, because it's a natural part of their cognitive development. He suggests that as children grow older, their curiosity and their creativity tend to decline. Image source Questions, questions by Steve Wheeler is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0

Experiential learning

Learning with 'e's

Dewey further argued that for education to be at its most effective, children should be given learning opportunities that enabled them to link present content to previous experiences and knowledge. This is number 7 in my blog series on major learning theories. My plan is to work through the alphabet of psychologists and provide a brief overview of their theories, and how each can be applied in education. In the last post we examined the work of Mihály Csíkszentmihályi on Flow Theory.

Our digital future 11: AI enhanced course design

Learning with 'e's

However, replacing some aspects of what teachers do is both effective and inevitable. "AI Where it is implemented, AI will rapidly transform the design of courses, providing educators with vast amounts of new insight into what students do, how they study and what is most effective. Photo by Andras Vas on unsplash Previous posts in this series have highlighted the importance of human intelligence and emotion in education.

Design for life

Learning with 'e's

This can be a desirable effect if the student is required to learn something deeply and reason about its significance. Clearly, presenting problems is a more effective pedagogical approach than giving answers, especially if the aim is to encourage independent learning. Anderson ACT-R Cognitive Architecture 2. Festinger Cognitive Dissonance Theory 12. This is number 30 in my series on learning theories.