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Learning by Watching: Social Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning

Origin Learning

Rather, we have stated this example to prove a point: that observation is an intrinsic human technique to learn unfamiliar tasks or behaviors – something that has been theorized by the psychologist Albert Bandura as what he called the ‘Social Cognitive Theory’.

Cognitive Load Theory: The Key to Smarter Instructional Design

Origin Learning

What is cognitive load theory (CLT)? ‘Cognitive’ means mental and ‘load’ means burden, so this theory basically studies the mental load that the human brain faces when learning happens. This is what a schema does: it helps in shedding some of the cognitive load.

The Cognitive Science Behind Learning

CLO Magazine

There are levels of analysis; neural is one, but the next level up is the cognitive level. That’s where most of the important implications come from, as well as the social level above the cognitive. The Cognitive Umbrella.

Situated Cognition In eLearning: What eLearning Professionals Should Know


In this article, I’ll shed light on the situated cognition theory, from its core principles to tips that will help you use it in your next eLearning course. Situated cognition is based on the idea that learning is most effective when it is in context.

Designing eLearning for Cognitive Ease

Integrated Learnings

I recently started reading Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman, and the chapter on cognitive ease offered all sorts of implications for eLearning design. This, combined with additional discussion in the book, suggests that a bad mood creates cognitive strain, and a good mood promotes cognitive ease. Instead of conducting four hours of training within a single day, consider dividing it into one-hour sessions over four weeks, for example. By Shelley A. Gable.

Three Cognitive Benefits of Games

Kapp Notes

For example: In the 1970′s BP created a board game in which one of the scenarios was a catastrophic oil spill. One: Challenge and Consolidation – Good games offer players a set of challenging problems and then let them solve these problems until they have virtually routinized or automated their solutions.

Bloom's Revised Taxonomy: Cognitive processes and levels of knowledge matrix

Big Dog, Little Dog

While Bloom''s original cognitive taxonomy did mention three levels of knowledge or products that could be processed (shown below), they were not discussed very much and remained one-dimensional. In Krathwohl and Anderson''s revised version, the authors combine the cognitive processes with the above three levels of knowledge to form a matrix. Concepts - A class of items, words, or ideas that are known by a common name, includes multiple specific examples, shares common features.

5 Reasons to Use Gamification in E-Learning

Origin Learning

Games help in development of cognitive ability. For example, a simulated game that has engineer trainees repairing different machineries that get more complex as they complete each level, will ultimately develop their cognitive ability in that area.

Cognitive Tunnelling: How to Achieve Focus Through Stories

Vignettes Learning

Cognitive Tunneling When things are automated, our brains don’t have to monitor our environment. David Strayer , a cognitive psychologist at the University of Utah, likens this scenario to the dimming of a spotlight representative of the brain’s attention span.

Deeper eLearning Design: Part 4 – Examples


Here we’re talking about the role of examples in learning, and we’ll continue on through emotional elements, and finally putting it all together. Examples are a part of learning, as we know, and learning design is, or should be considered complex. So too with examples, we tend to treat them as easy to write. However, an example that is missing the nuances, the details that make them work, can be as useless as nothing at all. Deeper eLearning Design: Part 4 – Examples.

Top 5 Performance Support Apps for Learning Designers


That’s why Instructional Design Guru defines terms from Instructional Design, Cognitive Psychology, Social Media, Multimedia, Technology and Law. THE QUOTE: “ Instructional Design is complex and overlaps with many fields.

How to Integrate Social Learning in the Workplace

Origin Learning

For example, Albert Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory stresses the importance of observational learning, imitation and modeling to learn certain behaviors. Social learning is not a new concept.

How To Be Effective At Persuasion For Learning

The eLearning Coach

For example, when you need […] Post from: The eLearning Coach How To Be Effective At Persuasion For Learning. CognitionDo you ever need to persuade an audience during a learning experience? Although the persuasion may be subtle, I’m guessing the answer is yes.

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Memory full

Learning with e's

The work of John Sweller and Nillie Lavie on Cognitive Load Theory and Capacity Theory (based on studies by Shalom Fisch ) is useful to help us understand how to optimise digital design environments such as the layout of virtual learning environments or online discussion groups.

More on Questions - the Edge and Your Cognitive Toolkit

Mark Oehlert

The 2011 Questions is now out and its a good one: " WHAT SCIENTIFIC CONCEPT WOULD IMPROVE EVERYBODY'S COGNITIVE TOOLKIT? His idea is that the abstraction is available as a single cognitive chunk which can be used as an element in thinking and debate.". No, not the U2's Edge.

Situated Learning: Essential for a Learning Culture

The Peformance Improvement

John Seely Brown , Allan Collins, and Paul Duguid labeled this kind of learning: “ situated cognition ”. One example of this technology is KnowledgeStar TM. Learning Culture Organization Culture Organizational Learning Training John Seely Brown situated cognition

Taxonomy of Learning Theories

E-Learning Provocateur

For example, classical conditioning maintains that a neutral stimulus can be associated with another stimulus that elicits a particular response. Cognitive load . In 1988, John Sweller synthesised key principles of memory and schema under a new proposal called Cognitive Load Theory. .

Conflict resolution

Learning with e's

In this post, we continue to explore Festinger''s work, this time focusing on his theory of cognitive dissonance. Festinger called this phenomenon cognitive dissonance. Cognitive dissonance is essentially a theory of motivation through conflict resolution.

Deeper learning

Learning with e's

Craik and Lockhart claimed that the deeper the processing, the stronger will be the trace of that memory, and thus recall will take less cognitive effort. For example, students process content more deeply if they have to discuss its meaning, or are involved in solving a related problem.

7 Challenges to Social Learning

Origin Learning

For example, getting access to blogs, case studies and similar external learning resources from the very beginning is important to avoid any issues in future. Social Learning is a self-propagating concept, that is- once a social learning culture is achieved in an organization.

The shape of minds to come

Learning with e's

She made some important contributions to his stages of cognitive development theory (which will be featured in greater depth in some upcoming articles on this blog). It could be argued that these decisions were made because of Inhelder and Piaget''s cognitive stages theory.

Get it together

Learning with e's

Let''s start with some theory: According to the revised Bloom''s cognitive taxonomy by Anderson and Krathwohl, ''creating'' is suggested as the peak of achievement. This is a fairly low level cognitive process, but it does require some discernment and decision making ability.

Bloom reheated

Learning with e's

In an age of digital media, where learners create, remix and share their own content, an overhaul of Bloom's Cognitive Taxonomy was long overdue. Yesterday I posted a critique of Bloom's Cognitive Taxonomy and argued that it is outmoded in the digital age.

Bloom 47

In two minds

Learning with e's

Psychologists and cognitive scientists have offered a number of useful theories that aid our understanding of learning. In this post we return to the cognitive domain, with an examination of Allan Paivio''s theory of dual coding. Anderson ACT-R Cognitive Architecture 2.

Your Ticket to Great Instructional Design

Origin Learning

A quick reference to what I said earlier: Expectations must be set in the beginning, but breaking expectations once in a while in the middle of the course, for example asking participants to perform an (achievable) task impromptu is a great technique to stimulate interest and activate participation.

Memorable Ways to End an eLearning Course

Integrated Learnings

Cognitive theorists believe that as new information enters the working memory, earlier information is pushed out. Elaboration of an earlier scenario or example. Instructional Design Engagement Recency eLearning Learning Theory Cognitive TheoryBy Shelley A. Gable. The recency effect tells us that people are more likely to remember information from the end of a sequence.

Just an illusion?

Learning with e's

How do we know for example, that we all represent reality in the same way? I took them on a brief tour of cognitive processes, including the human senses, memory and recall, and the representation of reality through perception.

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Cognitive Load vs. Load Time

eLearning Weekly

Designers love a little cognitive load theory. Cognitive psychology certainly aims to give trainers such a look inside the brain. Cognitive load theory inspires designers to influence various neural systems so attention is focused and retention is optimal. Recently, wired with cognitive load theory, I made the perfect elearning course in Captivate. Cognitive psychology ran smack into the hard wall of file size.

An Exuberant discovery for Lonely and Stressed-out eLearners

Vignettes Learning

When students are engaged and motivated and feel minimal stress, information flows freely through the affective filter in the amygdala and they achieve higher levels of cognition, make connections, and experience "aha" moments. Synthesis: Loneliness is inherent in traditional eLearning.

3 Examples of Video Based Training

CommLab India

Moreover, short video clips will reduce the cognitive load on learners and help the learner to absorb, retain and recall information. In this blog, we will see some examples of video-based training. Another example would be using videos to train people on safe driving.

The Planet Captivate Blog – Cognitive Load

Adobe Captivate

However, one topic that Jim has helped me to better understand is that of cognitive load. Since Jim’s and my first discussion about cognitive load, I’ve challenged myself to dive into learning more about it, specifically, proactively targeting a learner’s cognitive load while developing eLearning content. There are a variety of terms used with regards to cognitive load theory, but I keep finding myself visualizing it in my mind as a car’s tachometer.

Let Learners Sleep on It

Integrated Learnings

For example, researchers from the University of Haifa published a study in Nature Neuroscience in 2007 in which study participants who took a 90-minute nap after learning a task improved their ability to perform the task again later that day. Another example, published in Nature in 2004, suggests that sleep can enhance performance in creative problem solving. Instructional Design eLearning Blog Neuroscience Workplace Learning eLearning Cognitive TheoryBy Shelley A. Gable.

Bloom’s Taxonomy and Learning Games

Knowledge Guru

Use Bloom’s Taxonomy to help you craft your objectives and accurately assess what level of cognitive skill learners need to use to produce your goal. The revised version flips the final two levels and uses different synonyms to describe the lowest level of cognition. Cognitive Skill.

Bloom 67

Remember Recency?

Integrated Learnings

Cognitive theorists believe that as new information enters the working memory, earlier information is pushed out. If so, please share examples in the comments! Instructional Design Recall Recency eLearning Blog Best Practices Workplace Learning eLearning Learning Theory Cognitive Theory Cognitive Load Attention By Shelley A. Gable. If you haven’t encountered it lately, it’s possible you’ve forgotten about the recency theory of learning.