7 Practical Guidelines From Cognitive Science for eLearning

eLearning Brothers

Cognitive science research on learning, behavior change, and the development of expertise has provided a wealth of information. Unfortunately, much of that wisdom is locked in scholarly journal articles and dense—dare I say boring?—books, Marty is an expert on cognitive science and learning experience design. Practical Guidelines from Cognitive Science for Creating Awesome Learning. Blog Conferences eLearning Featured cognitive science

Learning theories

Ed App

Five Current Learning Theories. Learning theories unpack complex cognitive processes and provide useful mental models for educators to structure and design courses around, while also providing insights on best practice during and after learning experiences.


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Writing to Educate and Entertain: What Would Stephen King Do?

Integrated Learnings

Iverson in the August 2009 issue of Performance Improvement Journal. Here's how she addresses those opening questions: By blending fictional and technical writing techniques with learning theory, we can craft written materials that both educate and entertain. Tags: Instructional Design Scenario-Based Learning Storytelling eLearning Cognitive Theory By Shelley A Gable. When you write content for eLearning, do you think of it as technical communication? Creative writing?

Theories for the digital age: Self regulated learning

Learning with 'e's

Personal technologies are thought to enable self-regulation at a number of levels, including the ‘object’ and ‘meta’ levels of learning, supporting maintenance, adaptation, monitoring and control of a variety of higher level cognitive processes (Nelson & Narens, 1990). In many ways, heutagogy is aligned to other digital age theories, in that it places an importance on ‘learning to learn’, and the sharing rather than hoarding of that knowledge.

Deeper learning

Learning with 'e's

This is number 5 in my blog series on major learning theories. My plan is to work through the alphabet of psychologists and provide a brief overview of their theories, and how each can be applied in education. This is a simplified interpretation of the theory, so if you wish to learn more, please read the original works. Other explanations of memory have focused on the functions of various types of memory, and such approaches are often referred to as multi-store theories.

Brain science for learning: 10 experts to follow

Sponge UK

Cognitive science (often called brain science) is an exciting field of study that covers many disciplines. More and more L&D professionals are using this scientific-based research to inform their thinking but it can be hard to stay on top of new theories. Dr Itiel Dror Senior Cognitive Neuroscience Researcher at University College London, Dr Itiel Dror’s research has featured in The Economist and the journal, Nature.

Brain 46

Designing with science

Clark Quinn

And, of course, you can also go right to the pure journals, like Instructional Science, and Learning Sciences, and the like, if you are fluent in academese. The second approach I recommend is theory. In particular, Cognitive Apprenticeship (my favorite model; Collins & Brown), or other theories like Elaboration Theory (Reigeluth), Pebble in a Pond (Merrill), or 4 Component ID (Van Merriënboer). How should we design?

Design 146

At the very heart of the feeling of personal effectiveness


According to the self-efficacy theory of the eminent Canadian psychologist Albert Bandura, pioneer of the social-cognitivist movement, if you have little confidence in your abilities, your chances of achieving your goals are slim. The basis of social-cognitive theory.

Abstracts of Three Meta-Analysis Studies of Serious Games

Kapp Notes

A Meta-Analysis of the Cognitive and Motivational Effects of Serious Games. Journal of. It is assumed that serious games influences learning in 2 ways, by changing cognitive processes and. Interactive cognitive complexity theory suggests that simulation games are more effective than other instructional methods because they simultaneously engage trainees’ affective and cognitive processes (Tennyson & Jorczak, 2008).

Weekly Bookmarks (9/19/2010)

Experiencing eLearning

The Modified Low-First Method is an optimal spaced learning method which was derived from a reactivation theory of spacing effects and was designed to be effective by setting as advantageous spaces as possible for all items and for any learners with various working memory capacities. MIT Press JournalsJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience – Early Access – Abstract Annotated.

A Look Back At The Years Best From Learning Science And Instructional Design

Mike Taylor

Simplifying Cognitive Load Theory. Adam Boxer ( @adamboxer1 ) takes a stab and simplifying the cognitive load theory. John Sweller’s Cognitive Load Theory (CLT) may be the single most important thing for teachers to know, but it was not necessarily designed with teachers in mind. The product of lab-based randomized controlled trials, it is a theory from the specific academic discipline of Cognitive Science.

Next Button: Yay or Nay? A Research Perspective on a "Pointed" Question

Patti Shank

Cognitive load theory and the format of instruction. Cognition and Instruction, 8, 293-332. An instructional theory for learner control: Revisited, Proceedings of the 1995 National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, 72-86. Journal of Educational Psychology, 93 (2), 390-397. Research offers important clues to difficult and complex questions.

3 Myths That Prevent You from Learning


But what about the quality of your productivity, more precisely your cognitive performance? To this question, the preliminary conclusions of the largest ever conducted study on sleep indicate that sleeping 7 to 8 hours a day would be necessary to enjoy an optimal cognitive performance. When these short sleepers are put in the laboratory, after two weeks, they sleep for 7 to 8 hours, and their cognitive performance improves.

Abstracts of Three Studies Related to Pedagogical Agents

Kapp Notes

Journal Of Educational Computing Research, 49(1), 1-39. The findings of this study have implications for advancing theory and practice, as well as highlighting productive future directions for research. Journal Of Educational Technology & Society, 16(4), 275-286. Journal Of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 18(3), 239-252. Here are three interesting research abstracts about using avatars or pedagogical agents (fancy word for characters) in elearning. Abstract One.

Study 184

Does audio narration help eLearners?


The research is based on two theories. The first, cognitive load theory (see Sweller & Chandler, 1994 to learn more) states that our working memory may be overburdened when multiple sources of information must be assimilated simultaneously. Generally, increasing the cognitive load from multiple, redundant information channels, decreases learning efficiency. Efficiency in learning: evidence-based guidelines to manage cognitive load.

Audio 43

E-Learning Design Part 7: Models of Memory


We’ll also be looking at how we use this theory to inform our e-learning practice. Many cognitive psychologists suggest that we have a short-term memory store and a separate long-term store. In contrast to the aforementioned theories, others have focussed more on what we do with the information we receive and the impact of this activity on retention. Theories of memory such as those outlined above have an impact on educational practice.

Singapore Learning Symposium Resources #SLS2013

Kapp Notes

A Meta-Analysis of the Cognitive and Motivational Effects of Serious Games. Journal of Educational Psychology. Also referenced was research about games and cognition supported by a grant from DSO National Laboratories , Singapore. Patterson, Enhancing Cognition with Video Games: A Multiple Game Training Study, PLoS ONE, 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0058546 We discussed Malone’s Theory of Intrinsic Motivation.

ARCS motivation model. What should be included in an a learning activity to make it more appealing?

Educraft.tech - Technology meets Education

It is noteworthy that Keller developed the model in response to previous behavioral and cognitive learning approaches that focused too much on external stimuli, not paying enough attention to students' motivations (Keller & Kopp, 1987). Journal of Instructional Development, 2 (24), 26–34. Instructional theories in action: Lessons illustrating selected theories and models (pp. 2015) Instructional Design Models And Theories: Keller’s ARCS Model Of Motivation.

That’s not my style: Learning preferences and instructional design

Obsidian Learning

Vermunt’s (1994) Inventory of Learning Styles (ILS) uses questions to elicit information on four learning components: cognitive processing strategies, metecognitive regulation strategies, conceptions of learning, and learning orientations (Vermunt, 2005). Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences. Some researchers have used Howard Gardner’s (1993, 2004) theory of multiple intelligences as a complement to the idea of “learning styles.”

Harry Levinson 1922-2012

The Performance Improvement Blog

Every leader and manager should take heed of Levinson's thought-provoking theories and practice. In an article for the journal, American Psychologist , titled: “ Why the behemoths fell: Psychological roots of corporate failure ”, Levinson writes: The failure of many American corporations to adapt to changed economic circumstances has become a major social concern. For many managers, motivation and manipulation mean one and the same thing; but employees know the difference.

Through a child's eyes

Learning with 'e's

Research from the behavioural and cognitive sciences, neurosciences and pedagogical research fields is regularly yielding new findings. In an article entitled 'Learning from Learners', Rachel Wu (Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at the University of Rochester, New York) discusses some recent findings on how infants learn. Journal of Cell Science, 121, 1771. We are constantly developing our understanding about how children learn.

A Degree in ID Needed? or Not. I Say It’s Needed!!!

Kapp Notes

I’ve always thought that you could cover in one good day all the key theories, big ideas, and grand arguments of instructional design. All the appropriate instructional strategies, learning theories and concepts in ONE day. Or, “I have read a lot of medical journals, I am a doctor.”. It takes savvy understanding of learning theory, instructional strategies and cognitive learning to really create impactful instruction.

Teachers Need the Right Tools for Students of the Digital Era

Magic EdTech

This number increased in 2018, with 75% of teachers in a survey, published in The Journal , stated that technology has had an “extremely positive” impact on education. . Research has long proven the benefits of gamification for cognitive development and functioning. With effective guidance and facilitation through simulation processes, teachers can help students build connections between theory and practice.

Teachers Need the Right Tools for Students of the Digital Era

Magic EdTech

This number increased in 2018, with 75% of teachers in a survey, published in The Journal , stated that technology has had an “extremely positive” impact on education. . Research has long proven the benefits of gamification for cognitive development and functioning. With effective guidance and facilitation through simulation processes, teachers can help students build connections between theory and practice.

The natives are revolting

Learning with e's

So here, just for the record are my own, and other people's thoughts on the controversy of Marc Prensky's Digital Natives and Immigrants theory. I won't begin to deconstruct his ideas on the supposed 'cognitive changes' he suggests are taking place in the heads of younger users. The evidence is now stacking up that there is indeed a lot of doubt being cast over the digital natives and immigrants theory.

#3quotes from Bruner

Learning with 'e's

Photo by Crabchick on Flickr In my #3quotes series I have been citing directly from the texts of education thinkers, because it is important to apply ideas and theories in context. Bruner placed great emphasis on prior learning, cognitive mapping and the formation of schemas in learning. Journal of Child Psychiatry and Psychology, 17(2), 89-100.

Lifelong Learning & Learning to Learn (Arun Pradhan on Learning and the Jobs of the Future)

Convergence Training

It’s letting go of specific outcomes and instead investing in constantly refreshing and expanding our cognitive toolkit and networks so we can handle whatever comes. They reduce cognitive load (because we don’t have to remember stuff) and provide an organisational or even industry wide standard for behaviour that can be continually improved — just ask an airline pilot whose work is built around checklists.

Job 70

Who Are the Smartest People in the World?


He’s currently working on his Cognitive-Theoretic Model of the Universe&# — a “Theory of Everything&# — the result of ten years of solitary research. Kasparov currently contributes articles to leading publications like the Wall Street Journal , and has written a number of chess-related books. The verifiability and practicality of IQ tests is hotly debated in academic and popular circles: Does it really measure intelligence?

IBM 77

Should You Tailor Your Training Content to Visual Learners?


In 2015, a paper in the Journal of Educational Psychology explored the effect that matching learning style to instructional method had on comprehension. Even Neil Fleming, the originator of the theory, has recognised VARK’s limitations. Instead of tailoring training sessions to a learner’s preferred learning style, you can look to Cognitive Learning Theory or Constructivism , which are more robustly supported by academic research.

Delivering Effective Training in the Work Environment


Avoid cognitive overload by organizing your information in a logical and easy-to-understand way. According to the Social Learning Theory , individuals learn from one another via observation, imitation and modeling. Embrace this theory by asking current employees or customers to help you teach the material. In fact, a Journal of Applied Psychology study found that people perform better when they are allowed to make mistakes during training.

Microlearning Guide

Ed App

In essence, microlearning is flexible, concise, and is backed by pedagogical theory and cognitive science. As the name suggests, bite-sized learning delivers content in easily digestible chunks that target an optimal cognitive load.

Beginner’s Guide to Microlearning

Ed App

In essence, microlearning is flexible, concise, and is backed by pedagogical theory and cognitive science. As the name suggests, bite-sized learning delivers content in easily digestible chunks that targets an optimal cognitive load. What is Microlearning?

Top 113 eLearning Posts and 28 Hottest Topics for 2010

eLearning Learning Posts

Taxonomy of Learning Theories - E-Learning Provocateur , January 12, 2010. Nuts and Bolts: Brain Bandwidth - Cognitive Load Theory and Instructional Design by Jane Bozarth - Learning Solutions Magazine , August 2, 2010. New Experiments in e-Learning - Moodle Journal , September 19, 2010. Here it is - the very best posts and the hottest topics for 2010. How do we come up with these - well it’s based on social signals (clicks, views, twitter, delicious and more).

Metalearning and Learning Styles

Big Dog, Little Dog

It is often used in Learning Style theory. Student's prior cognitive ability. Student's prior cognitive ability. British Journal of Educational Psychology , 55, 185-212. A Theory-Based Meta-Analysis of Research on Instruction. First, I'm sorry for the long delay between postings but I got tied up with a couple of complex projects. Hopefully future postings will be more timely.

Top 74 eLearning Posts from September 2010

eLearning Learning Posts

Or neither, just influenced by many theories? Wikis in eLearning 2.0 - Learning with e’s , September 12, 2010 The latest issue of the journal Interactive Learning Environments is a special issue entitled: Towards eLearning 2.0 Here’s what four cognitive psychologists concluded: “The contrast between the enormous popularity of the learning-styles approach within education and the lack of credible evidence for its utility is, in our opinion, striking and disturbing.

Multi-Generational Learning in the Workplace

Janet Clarey

Know the learning theories behind your craft damn it! USDLA Journal. “Situated cognition and the culture of learning.&# The American Journal of Distance Education. Applying Constructivist and Objective Learning Theories in the Design of a Web-Based Course: Implications for Practice. Instructional theories and models. Journal of Educational Technology Research and Development, Volume 56, Number 2. A review of cognitive teaching methods.

Can microlearning save eLearning?

Ed App

Eventually, educational theory and what was happening in classrooms caught up to the demands of a changing society and workplace. At the turn of the twentieth century, French artist Jean-Marc Côté visualised a futuristic vision of a classroom in the year 2000.