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Maker pedagogy

Learning with 'e's

More and more teachers are beginning to realise that creating environments and possibilities where students make things is a very powerful pedagogy. Seymour Papert ''s work on constructionism outlines the cognitive gain that occurs when we create something new rather than simply repeat knowledge that has already been acquired. American educator Jackie Gerstein makes some important observations about how teachers can change their perspectives and embrace maker pedagogy.

Words in mind

Learning with 'e's

Psychologists and cognitive scientists have offered a number of useful theories that aid our understanding of learning. The last post in this series featured the stages of cognitive development model proposed by Jean Piaget. In this post I examine a cognitive theory - spreading activation theory - adapted from a hierarchical model of memory proposed by Ross Quillian and Allan Collins. Anderson ACT-R Cognitive Architecture 2. Festinger Cognitive Dissonance Theory 12.


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Any computer that can be replaced by a teacher, should be

Learning with 'e's

Photo by Steve Wheeler Here's my opinion, for what it's worth. Even cognitive computing has been developed to mimic human decision making and other natural characteristics of being human. Any computer that can be replaced by a teacher, should be by Steve Wheeler was written in Auckland, New Zealand and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. automation education humanity pedagogy teachers Technology

Learning as dialogue

Learning with 'e's

Later, Piaget, Inhelder and others were responsible for introducing a cognitive version of learning theory which held that children were ''solo scientists'' who constructed their own meaning through exploration of their environment. This prompted new approaches in schools that included discovery learning and progressive curricula that neatly reflected Piaget''s stages of cognitive development model. Unported License.

The height of SAMR

Learning with 'e's

The first two levels, substitution and augmentation are often referred to as low levels of technology integration, in as much as they do not substantially impact upon or transform pedagogy. A key stage in any successful technology integration is to ensure that the affordances of new technologies are exploited by students for authentic learning outcomes and leveraged to be extensions of their natural cognitive and physical capabilities. Unported License.

Passing of the year

Learning with 'e's

Salomon, an educational psychologist from Israel, was interested in studying the effects of technology on cognition and learning. Perhaps his greatest contribution to our knowledge about educational technology came in the form of his theory of transfer of learning (a theory that can be applied to learning through problem solving), but he also did extensive work into the optimal design of cognitive tools and learning environments. Unported License.

Learning first, technology second

Learning with 'e's

There is nothing wrong with any of these approaches, provided they don''t get in the way of good pedagogy. The main problem with most MLEs is that they are so complex to use, students often spend more time and cognitive energy working out how to get to the content, than they do actually learning. Or is it because you have actually sat down and worked out what problems technology will solve, and how pedagogy will be enhanced by its introduction? Unported License.

eXSpace exploration

Learning with 'e's

The ability to interact directly with the thinking of others by creating one's own content alongside existing content, merging, comparing and contrasting and even overwriting, is a complex process that can support advanced levels of cognition and problem solving. Simply being exposed to the use of new technologies may promote some innovative thinking about alternative pedagogies. Unported License.


Strictly for adults?

Learning with 'e's

Anderson ACT-R Cognitive Architecture 2. Festinger Cognitive Dissonance Theory 12. Kolb Experiential Learning Cycle Photo by Norwood Adult Services on Wikimedia Commons Strictly for adults? by Steve Wheeler is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. adult andragogy child education learning Malcolm Knowles pedagogy theory This is number 23 in my series on learning theories.

Spaced Repetition Apps Are the New 3×5: Futuristic Flashcards and Microlearning


One Anki user studies “photos of important business contacts, with prompts to recall the person’s name and some personal information,” Shellenbarger wrote. A good deal of the pedagogy that powers Anki, Cerego, Memrise, and the rest of these memorization apps is also built into Grovo. Many benefits of microlearning exist in flashcards: the light cognitive load, the greater retention of visual material than auditory material, the custom training content.

Grovo 100

Here comes the SAMR

Learning with 'e's

Technology integration results in digital tools being embedded into learning, so that for example maker cultures emerge, or the classroom activities are flipped , supporting more effective pedagogies and improving student learning outcomes. This was far from a genuine integration of technology into the learning process, and it led to little or no change in pedagogy, and an inertia that prevented transformation. Unported License.

The AfL truth about assessment

Learning with 'e's

This is assessment for learning (AfL) rather than assessment of learning, and it''s critical for good pedagogy. Shouldn''t curricula and assessment (especially the high stakes kind) now focus more on the kinds of knowledge and cognitive skills students need to survive and thrive in an information rich world? Photo from Wikimedia Commons by Hariadhi Who put the ass in assessment? by Steve Wheeler is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0

Digital reflections

Learning with 'e's

This can be hosted photo and video sharing sites such as Flickr and YouTube, or social networking sites such as Facebook, but are equally likely to be curation and aggregation tools such as In a cognitive sense, this is ''making sense of learning'', affording students with deeper insight or explanation of what they have already learnt. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 22 (2), 213-230. Unported License.

Our digital future 11: AI enhanced course design

Learning with 'e's

Photo by Andras Vas on unsplash Previous posts in this series have highlighted the importance of human intelligence and emotion in education. Rather, it is the persistent assumption that 'grading' is paramount for the measurement of student understanding, and that we should focus the power of AI to support this kind of pedagogy. Unported License.

Help yourself

Learning with 'e's

How it can be applied to education Clearly, heutagogy is a specific kind of learning theory, in the sense that it points out the distinction between self-determined learning and learning that is more likely to be driven by formal pedagogy. Unported License. This is number 15 in my series on learning theories. I''m working through the alphabet of psychologists and theorists, providing a brief overview of each theory, and how it can be applied in education.

Help 49

Interview with Terry Anderson

Learning with 'e's

His work around the study of social and cognitive presence in distance learning contexts has been cited many times, and his research has led to a number of high profile keynote speech invitations around the globe. Second,to follow from Marshall McLuhan the Medium is the Pedagogy (first coined by Cousin (2005). New tools give rise to new ways to teach and learn and these are guided by our understanding of teaching and learning pedagogy. Unported License.