Pedagogy of Learning Design: Fostering Critical Thinking Skills with Cognitive Presence

InSync Training

In this post we''ll explore cognitive presence and roles we play on the critical inquiry path leading toward higher levels of learning. Fostering Critical Thinking Skills with Cognitive Presence. In the previous blog post, The Pedagogy of Learning Design: Crafting Optimal E-Learning Spaces with Teaching Presence , we explored teaching presence - the design, development, management, facilitation, and direction within the learning space. Pedagogy

At the Intersection of Social, Teaching and Cognitive Presence

InSync Training

Throughout this series we have explored social, teaching, and cognitive presence - the key elements within the Community of Inquiry framework. Pedagogy This last installment explores the intersection of these three presences and approaches to measuring the effectiveness of the work we do in the design, development, and delivery of eLearning.

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Curiosity, cognition and content

Learning with 'e's

We could argue that the majority of what we 'know' derives from our ability to be able to think, to reason, to reflect, to ask questions - our higher cognitive processes. Curiosity, cognition and content by Steve Wheeler was written in Plymouth, England and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 digital age education knowledge learning literacies metacognition pedagogy provenance Technology

Rethinking Design: Pedagogy

Clark Quinn

As part of that, I’ve been looking at elements such as pedagogy in pre-, in-, and post-class sessions so that there are principled reasons behind the design. Of course, there’s an introduction that both emotionally and cognitively prepares the learner for the coming learning experience. In thinking through how to design courses that lead to both engaging experiences and meaningful outcomes, I’ve been working on the component activities.

The Pedagogy of Learning Design: Creating Learning Communities with Social Presence

InSync Training

This is the second post in a series of five titled The Pedagogy of Learning Design by Phylise H. To read the first in the series click here: The Pedagogy of Learning Design: A Translation of Pedagogies. In the first installment of this series I introduced a pedagogical, designed approach to instruction based on three key elements in effective e-learning: social presence, teaching presence, and cognitive presence. Pedagogy

Alternate Pedagogies and Experiences

Clark Quinn

And one of the things that has been of interest to me is looking differently at pedagogies. I think this makes sense cognitively, but it doesn’t make sense when we start considering the learner’s emotional side. This is the pedagogy that drives the interest in serious games, embedding meaningful practice in a compelling context.

Maker pedagogy

Learning with 'e's

More and more teachers are beginning to realise that creating environments and possibilities where students make things is a very powerful pedagogy. Seymour Papert ''s work on constructionism outlines the cognitive gain that occurs when we create something new rather than simply repeat knowledge that has already been acquired. American educator Jackie Gerstein makes some important observations about how teachers can change their perspectives and embrace maker pedagogy.

How The 8 Effects of Arts Education Are Changing Online Pedagogy, Part 2

Kadenze

It is mindful, cognitive, and sensuous reflection which allows learners to build their expertise through informed comparison, for in the arts and humanities there is never a metric which can definitively settle disputes over value. Digital Learning arts education online learning pedagogyPhoto by Henrik Dønnestad / Unsplash. In this second of four vodcasts, Brad Haseman, Executive Vice President of Kadenze, Inc. sits down with Sarah Reid, Kadenze, Inc.’s

X-based learning: sorting out pedagogies and design

Clark Quinn

So, performance-based learning seems to be focused on assessment, having the students actively demonstrate their ability. This is, to me, an important aspect, as cognitive science recognizes that passing a knowledge test about something is not likely to transfer to the ability to do (we call it ‘inert knowledge’). I frankly want an activity-based pedagogy and curriculum to support all of these models.

Presence Pedagogy: Needs Some More Dimensions

Kapp Notes

The other day, I discovered an interesting article, Presence Pedagogy: Teaching and Learning in a 3D Virtual Immersive World , which describes an educational approach for conducting a learning event in a virtual immersive environment. As the abstract to the article indicates: Presence Pedagogy is a way of teaching and learning that is grounded in social constructivist theory.

How the 8 Effects of Arts Education Are Changing Online Pedagogy, Part 3

Kadenze

For in their quest to realize coherence amid the impulses of emergence, artists experience sensuous cognition at its fullest; where the hand and body work with the imagination, complex judgement, advanced reasoning, and emotional intelligence to generate… creativity! Photo by W / Unsplash. In this third of four vodcasts, Brad Haseman, Executive Vice President of Kadenze, Inc. discusses the distinctive effects arts-led learning is having on online learning design.

Transformers

E-Learning Provocateur

Beyond our misgivings with technology, moreover, the virus has also shone a light on our pedagogy. It seems like everyone’s spruiking the “new normal” of work.

Cognitive Age, Training, Memory, Instructional Technologies, & Captcha

Big Dog, Little Dog

The Cognitive Age - New York Times. We're moving into a more demanding cognitive age. But the cognitive age paradigm emphasizes psychology, culture and pedagogy - the specific processes that foster learning. In order to thrive, people are compelled to become better at absorbing, processing and combining information. The globalization paradigm emphasizes the fact that information can now travel 15,000 miles in an instant.

10 Helpful Resources for Online Course Designers

CourseArc

Clark, it’s based on research about cognitive learning behaviors. eLearning Tools Instructional Design Online Learning books eLearning instructional design Pedagogy resources trainingIf you’ve never created an online course before, you may not be familiar with the term “instructional designer,” but that’s exactly what you’re about to become! Instructional design is the act of creating of educational resources.

Understanding Learning Styles Research

Experiencing eLearning

Via Karyn Romeis and Stephen Downes , I found two lengthy reviews of learning styles research: Learning styles and pedagogy in post-16 learning. Of the 13 models reviewed, only 1 passed all the psychometric measures: the Allinson and Hayes Cognitive Style Index. Learn more about the Allinson and Hayes model (Cognitive Style Index) mentioned in the literature review. Too many people have been talking about learning styles research lately for me to try to cite them all here.

How to Create Effective Test Questions

CourseArc

Then you could devise an exam which includes all the necessary topics while simultaneously testing the students’ cognitive functions in their explanation of those terms. Accessibility eLearning Tools Instructional Design Online Learning assessment beta testing eLearning evaluation feedback instructional design Pedagogy quiz tests user experience

Words in mind

Learning with 'e's

Psychologists and cognitive scientists have offered a number of useful theories that aid our understanding of learning. The last post in this series featured the stages of cognitive development model proposed by Jean Piaget. In this post I examine a cognitive theory - spreading activation theory - adapted from a hierarchical model of memory proposed by Ross Quillian and Allan Collins. Anderson ACT-R Cognitive Architecture 2. Festinger Cognitive Dissonance Theory 12.

Improvising our way beyond emergency remote teaching

Kadenze

Increasingly there will be a move to quality in pedagogy ; to what effective online learning requires, to use research to inform online practice and to an overarching learning design best suited to taking your discipline online. The creative disciplines challenge learners to analyze and interpret procedural knowledge (the type of knowledge exercised in the performance of a task) rather than only the logico-deductive and linear cognitive process which dominate other disciplines.

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Learning Mechanisms: Test Your Knowledge!

KnowledgeOne

Do you know the benefits of empathy pedagogy? Do you know that teachers need to be particularly wary of certain cognitive biases? D) be less prone to prejudice and less vulnerable to cognitive distortions. D) To combat cognitive biases, it is recommended to practice __.

E-Learning Design Part 2: Observable and Measurable Outcomes

CDSM

This is known as our ‘ pedagogy ’. Since the taxonomy’s first volume ( Handbook I: Cognitive ) was published in 1956, Bloom’s name has been synonymous with lesson planning for teachers across the world. In Handbook I , Bloom and his committee identified a number of cognitive levels at which humans can function. Bloom’s cognitive levels are commonly displayed as a step pyramid, with the lower-level functions located at the bottom.

Clash of the titans

E-Learning Provocateur

From a learning practitioner’s point of view, it raises issues of pedagogy, instructional design, and perhaps even epistemology. In eduspeak, you benefit from “scaffolding” Then, after you have acquired (yes – “acquired”) a foundational cognitive framework, I suggest a constructivist approach would be appropriate to expand and deepen your knowledge. I have really enjoyed following the recent argy bargy between Larry Sanger and Steve Wheeler.

E-Learning Design Part 5: Learning through Creating (Blooms 21)

CDSM

This is known as our ‘ pedagogy ’. Conceived between 1949 and 1953 by a committee of educators, the original Bloom’s taxonomy identified a number of cognitive levels at which humans can function. Though this taxonomy of the cognitive domain was revised by Anderson and Krathwohl in 2001, the visual metaphor of the step pyramid was still prevalent. CDSM E-learning Insights Learning Pedagogy Software Bloom's Taxonomy Blooms Blooms 21 E-Learning Design taxonomy

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I store my knowledge with my friends

Learning with e's

I'm at Colchester Institute on Friday to present a workshop entitled: Communities, Spaces and Pedagogies for the Digital Age. In practice, if you put a number of people in the same room and set them a task, they will all apply their own individual knowledge and experience, and in so doing, the sum of the collective effort will be greater than that which each individual could bring to bear on the task - it's known as distributed cognition - that is, no-one can know everything.

Clash of the titans

E-Learning Provocateur

From a learning practitioner’s point of view, it raises issues of pedagogy, instructional design, and perhaps even epistemology. In eduspeak, you benefit from “scaffolding” Then, after you have acquired (yes – “acquired”) a foundational cognitive framework, I suggest a constructivist approach would be appropriate to expand and deepen your knowledge. I have really enjoyed following the recent argy bargy between Larry Sanger and Steve Wheeler.

Top Ten Tips in Instructional Design

CourseArc

Reduce Cognitive Load. Cognitive Load refers to the amount of working memory the brain can process. Here are a few ways to reduce cognitive load: Implement simple, clear navigation, that is intuitive and requires no thinking. . Most importantly, using a consistent template for each lesson is going to considerably reduce cognitive load, especially as students progress through the course, and allow them to focus on what is most important.

Video: The power and the story

Learning with 'e's

As politely as I could, I explained to him that making his students sit through a full 90 minutes of video was not particularly good pedagogy. The first is cognitive load - i.e. the amount of information we can process and absorb through our primary senses; in this case, our audio and visual channels. A closer look at cognitive load theory (Sweller, 1988 ) reveals that human processing relies predominantly on visual and auditory stimuli, but this is limited.

Learning Tools and Uni Change

Clark Quinn

For one, experts largely don’t have access to what they do, consciously, owing to the nature of our cognitive architecture. We compile information away, and research from the Cognitive Technology Group at the University of Southern California has estimated that 70% of what experts do isn’t available. The more tools that make it easy to do the right thing, rich pedagogies, the better.

Any computer that can be replaced by a teacher, should be

Learning with 'e's

Even cognitive computing has been developed to mimic human decision making and other natural characteristics of being human. automation education humanity pedagogy teachers TechnologyPhoto by Steve Wheeler Here's my opinion, for what it's worth. I write from more than 40 years experience working in educational technology while observing the rapid development of machine intelligence. Remember the old Arthur Clarke quote? Any teacher who can be replaced by a teacher, should be.

Rethinking Design: Curriculum

Clark Quinn

In addition to yesterday’s post about pedagogy , I also mentioned the need to get deeper on curriculum as well. From each chosen ‘task’ will be a suite of activities that comprise the pre-, in-, and post-class activities, but here we are focusing on the overall curriculum before we get into the individual pedagogy. The goal is to have them process the content in service of accomplishing the task, an approach more consonant with our cognitive architecture.

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Learning as dialogue

Learning with 'e's

Later, Piaget, Inhelder and others were responsible for introducing a cognitive version of learning theory which held that children were ''solo scientists'' who constructed their own meaning through exploration of their environment. This prompted new approaches in schools that included discovery learning and progressive curricula that neatly reflected Piaget''s stages of cognitive development model. dialogue education learning pedagogy social learning teaching teaching machines ZP

Direct Instruction and Learning Experience Design

Clark Quinn

Meta-cognition strategies (.67). Reciprocal teaching and meta-cognition strategies coming out highly, a great outcome. Engagement: an emotional ‘hook’ A clear pedagogy: info (models & examples), modeling, checking for understanding. After my previous article on direct instruction versus guided discovery, some discussion mentioned Engelmann’s Direct Instruction (DI). And, something again pointed me to the most comprehensive survey of educational effects.

Passing of the year

Learning with 'e's

Salomon, an educational psychologist from Israel, was interested in studying the effects of technology on cognition and learning. Perhaps his greatest contribution to our knowledge about educational technology came in the form of his theory of transfer of learning (a theory that can be applied to learning through problem solving), but he also did extensive work into the optimal design of cognitive tools and learning environments.

The height of SAMR

Learning with 'e's

The first two levels, substitution and augmentation are often referred to as low levels of technology integration, in as much as they do not substantially impact upon or transform pedagogy. A key stage in any successful technology integration is to ensure that the affordances of new technologies are exploited by students for authentic learning outcomes and leveraged to be extensions of their natural cognitive and physical capabilities.

Who's in charge?

Learning with 'e's

Anderson ACT-R Cognitive Architecture 2. Festinger Cognitive Dissonance Theory 12. Piaget Cognitive Stages of Development 34. attribution theory education Julian Rotter learning locus of control pedagogy Psychology self-efficacy student centred learning teaching theoryThis is number 35 in my ongoing series on learning theories. In this series I have been providing a brief overview of each theory, and how each can be applied in education.

Online training in empathic mode

KnowledgeOne

Among its approaches, the pedagogy of empathy is one that can be implemented even in simplified elearning solutions. Empathy consists of two dimensions, one emotional and the other cognitive. In order to use empathy as a pedagogical tool, it is imperative that the teacher be interested in the cognitive dimension of this notion, which is, in fact, the dimension on which he or she can intervene. Cognitive Bias: When Our Brain Plays Tricks On Us.

Learning first, technology second

Learning with 'e's

There is nothing wrong with any of these approaches, provided they don''t get in the way of good pedagogy. The main problem with most MLEs is that they are so complex to use, students often spend more time and cognitive energy working out how to get to the content, than they do actually learning. Or is it because you have actually sat down and worked out what problems technology will solve, and how pedagogy will be enhanced by its introduction?

Connected learning

Learning with 'e's

The following some thoughts from a post I originally published in 2015: From a cognitive constructivist perspective, learning is achieved through the twin processes of assimilation and accommodation. The latter implies that new learning is 'bolted onto', or constructed within, existing cognitive structures known as schemas. algorithm connected education learning pedagogy Scaffolding schema Technology ZPD

The Grail of Effective and Engaging Learning Experiences

Clark Quinn

emotionally engaging introductions: hooking learners in viscerally as well as cognitively. Branching scenarios are powerful approximations to this by showing consequences in context but with limited replay, and so are constructivist and problem-based learning pedagogies. For example, Socratic Arts has a powerful online pedagogy that leverages media and a constructivist pedagogy in a relatively simple framework.

[IN DEPTH ANALYSIS] The 3 Speeds of Thought

KnowledgeOne

However, the concept of cognitive bias – which differs from that of cognitive distortion derived from clinical psychology – was developed by psychologists Daniel Kahneman (2002 Nobel Prize in Economics) and Amos Tversky. Cognitive bias is a form of thinking that appears to be erroneously based on logical and rational reasoning, leading to biased analysis and judgments. So far, it is indeed difficult to distinguish heuristics from cognitive bias.

Opening up #learning: Simpler does not mean better

Learning with 'e's

Automation of tasks relieves the user of having to spend cognitive energy on (or thinking about) mundane tasks. Using an interactive whiteboard (IWB) to transform the learning experiences of your students is great pedagogy. Yet when the IWB is used in much the same way as a traditional white board, it is often a failure in pedagogy. affordance education IWB learning pedagogy spell checker Technology

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