Cognitive Load vs. Load Time

eLearning Weekly

Designers love a little cognitive load theory. Cognitive psychology certainly aims to give trainers such a look inside the brain. Cognitive load theory inspires designers to influence various neural systems so attention is focused and retention is optimal. Recently, wired with cognitive load theory, I made the perfect elearning course in Captivate. Cognitive psychology ran smack into the hard wall of file size.

How to Combat Cognitive Overload with Connie Malamed #ASTDTK12

Learning Visions

high cognitive load (which leads to poor comprehension and obstructs learning) Cognitive load affected by # of interacting elements. If you present info with big words that people have to interpret, you’re imposing high cognitive load. people learn better from simple line drawings than complex photos…. My live notes from session at ASTDTK12 with @elearningcoach. Long term memory is like a server farm.

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From novice to expert

Learning with 'e's

a student cohort) can be extended by encouraging them to scaffold weaker, or less expert learners, to encourage and lead, in a kind of cognitive apprenticeship. Subsequent work on the theory has revealed that cognitive tools (learning with, rather than through technology) can be applied to amplify the ''situatedness'' of learning, by providing active, engaging contexts. Anderson ACT-R Cognitive Architecture 2. Festinger Cognitive Dissonance Theory 12.

Memory full

Learning with 'e's

The work of John Sweller and Nillie Lavie on Cognitive Load Theory and Capacity Theory (based on studies by Shalom Fisch ) is useful to help us understand how to optimise digital design environments such as the layout of virtual learning environments or online discussion groups. What exactly can Cognitive Load Theory do to help us to optimise students'' memories? To understand Cognitive Load Theory, we first need to revisit Working Memory (WM).

Conflict resolution

Learning with 'e's

In this post, we continue to explore Festinger''s work, this time focusing on his theory of cognitive dissonance. Festinger called this phenomenon cognitive dissonance. Cognitive dissonance is essentially a theory of motivation through conflict resolution. As Kendra Cherry argues: "Cognitive dissonance plays a role in many value judgements, decisions and evaluations. This results in disappointment, which can be described as a form of cognitive dissonance.

Learning, making and powerful ideas

Learning with 'e's

The Theory Not to be confused with constructivism, constructionism is a cognitive theory that relates to learning by making things. They represent the essence of rational thinking, developing cognitive skills that will prepare the child to deal with a multitude of challenges and problems they may encounter later in life. Anderson ACT-R Cognitive Architecture 2. Festinger Cognitive Dissonance Theory 12. This is number 31 in my series on learning theories.

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Deeper learning

Learning with 'e's

Craik and Lockhart claimed that the deeper the processing, the stronger will be the trace of that memory, and thus recall will take less cognitive effort. This framework for human memory research is considered by many cognitive psychologists to be a stronger explanation than those of the multi-store memory models. It has also influenced other recently proposed cognitive processing theories including spreading activation theory and neural network theory.

In two minds

Learning with 'e's

Psychologists and cognitive scientists have offered a number of useful theories that aid our understanding of learning. In this post we return to the cognitive domain, with an examination of Allan Paivio''s theory of dual coding. In 1986 he stated: ''Human cognition is unique in that it has become specialized for dealing simultaneously with language and with nonverbal objects and events. Anderson ACT-R Cognitive Architecture 2. Festinger Cognitive Dissonance Theory 12.

One Large Branching Scenario or Multiple Smaller Ones?

Experiencing eLearning

Reducing cognitive load. Scenarios can be fairly taxing on cognitive load. Providing several shorter scenarios can help reduce the cognitive load. However, smaller scenarios aren’t the only way to reduce cognitive load.

Mind technology

Learning with 'e's

The tools I use are a kind of mind technology, a means of extending my cognitive capabilities, enhancing my thinking, memory and recall. It would take me a lot longer though, and I would have to divert more cognitive energy away from the core stuff. These tools are indeed cognitive technologies - mind tools that help us to learn new things, to seek out new ideas and new concepts, to boldly take us - who knows where? Can technology help us to think more clearly?

The shape of minds to come

Learning with 'e's

She made some important contributions to his stages of cognitive development theory (which will be featured in greater depth in some upcoming articles on this blog). It could be argued that these decisions were made because of Inhelder and Piaget''s cognitive stages theory. Are there actually stages of cognitive development, and are they as Inhelder and Piaget claimed? cognitive development deductive reasoning education Inhelder learning Piaget stage theory

Words in mind

Learning with 'e's

Psychologists and cognitive scientists have offered a number of useful theories that aid our understanding of learning. The last post in this series featured the stages of cognitive development model proposed by Jean Piaget. In this post I examine a cognitive theory - spreading activation theory - adapted from a hierarchical model of memory proposed by Ross Quillian and Allan Collins. Anderson ACT-R Cognitive Architecture 2. Festinger Cognitive Dissonance Theory 12.

Get it together

Learning with 'e's

Let''s start with some theory: According to the revised Bloom''s cognitive taxonomy by Anderson and Krathwohl, ''creating'' is suggested as the peak of achievement. This is a fairly low level cognitive process, but it does require some discernment and decision making ability. Photo by Julia Frost Get it together by Steve Wheeler is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 What can we learn from digital curation of content?

Thinking, language and memory

Learning with 'e's

Photo by Anders Sandberg on Flickr Thinking, language and memory by Steve Wheeler is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 constructivism Culture early childhood education higher order cognitive skills language learning memory Technology tool use Vygotsky ZPD I''ve had several conversations with my students in the past few weeks about how Vygotskiian theory informs our understanding of learning.

A steep learning curve

Learning with 'e's

Previous posts in this series: Anderson ACT-R Cognitive Architecture Argyris Double Loop Learning Bandura Social Learning Theory Bruner Scaffolding Theory Craik and Lockhart Levels of Processing Csíkszentmihályi Flow Theory Dewey Experiential Learning Engeström Activity Theory Photo by ericd on Wikimedia Commons A steep learning curve Steve Wheeler is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 This is number 9 in my series on learning theories.

Just an illusion?

Learning with 'e's

I took them on a brief tour of cognitive processes, including the human senses, memory and recall, and the representation of reality through perception. I showed how these processes connect up into cognitive architectures, through an analysis of the biological, psychological and physiological. Photo by Ian Stannard Just an illusion? The study of human perception is not easy, but can be a lot of fun. How do we know for example, that we all represent reality in the same way?

How the 8 Effects of Arts Education Are Changing Online Pedagogy, Part 4

Kadenze

Photo by Teddy Kelly / Unsplash. From ‘learning to improve your kissing technique’ to ‘learning to train your brain to be smarter’, as though all learning involves the architecture of human cognition in the same ways. Yet we know that this cannot be true; learning to ‘memorise knowledge’ for example, makes different cognitive demands on trainee teachers than learning how to ‘activate the artistry of others’, a key capability for teaching the arts and design.

10 Ways To Design For Emotions (Part III)

The eLearning Coach

Does this photo on the left evoke an emotional response in you? Tags: COGNITION DESIGN emotion It’s quite clear from research on the effects of emotion and learning, that an emotional connection can be generated through instructional strategies and creative treatments. These have the potential to facilitate learning and performance. This is the third article in the series on emotions and learning.

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Smart learning

Learning with 'e's

Photo by Joaquim F. distributed cognition learning future 3D visualisationI spend most of my time in the future, but I do go home at weekends. At least, that is my explanation about why I am so fascinated with the future. I always have been, ever since I was a little boy and started reading science fiction novels. From Asimov to Heinlein, and Clark to Wells, I hungrily devoured them all and fed my mind on what was to come.

The shape of minds to come

Learning with 'e's

She made some important contributions to his stages of cognitive development theory (which will be featured in greater depth in some upcoming articles on this blog). It could be argued that these decisions were made because of Inhelder and Piaget's cognitive stages theory. Are there actually stages of cognitive development, and are they as Inhelder and Piaget claimed? cognitive development deductive reasoning education Inhelder learning Piaget stage theory

Rockstar Resources for PowerPoint

Mike Taylor

Unfortunately, the PowerPoint interface guides people towards creating slides that contradict current research in cognitive science. This ebook points you toward the best free photos, icons, fonts and more. The way most people use PowerPoint is broken.

Tips for Storytelling in Learning

Experiencing eLearning

Manage cognitive load. Stories help us activate prior knowledge, minimize cognitive load so more brain power focused on learning transfer. A: Full bleed photos are good when you can. These are my live blogged notes from the InSync Training Byte session “Once Upon a Time, Storytelling WAS Learning” by Tom Campbell and Karin Rex. My side comments and thoughts in italics. Any errors, typos, or awkward phrasing are mine, not Tom and Karin’s.

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Website Accessibility: 17 Steps You Can Take Today to Ensure Future 508 Compliance

The Logical Blog by IconLogic

As a website owner, you will soon be required to deliver website design and content that is accessible to people with a wide range of disabilities including blindness and low vision, deafness and hearing loss, learning disabilities, cognitive limitations, limited movement, speech disabilities, and photo sensitivity. Until now, website accessibility hasn't been a big concern for most business owners, marketers, and content creators.

Monkey business

Learning with e's

five more minutes passed and the thoughts were going through my head that I would soon need another shave if I were to look half way respectable when I later had my photo taken with Mr and Mrs Baboon. When will we get VLEs that do what they are supposed to do, and with minimal cognitive effort on the part of the student? Tags: VLE Edupunk learning management cognitive effort I took my wife and son to see the animals yesterday. No, not the football crowd at Plymouth Argyle.

Context Rules

Clark Quinn

The previous events have been great, and I’ll of course be there (offering a workshop on cognition for mobile, a mobile learning 101 session, and one on the topic of this post). Performance support is more about augmenting our cognitive capabilities. Performance support is about providing a cognitive augment. And video, like photos, inherently captures context.

Benefits Of Microlearning Videos To Drive Employee Engagement

Wizcabin

Microlearning Videos Reduce Cognitive Overload And Help To Boost Learners’ Retention Ability. On the other hand, cognitive overload can hinder the way learners retain knowledge. By using microlearning videos in your online training, you can reduce cognitive overload. Photo by Magnus on Unsplash. Apart from that, there are several other benefits of microlearning videos that make it useful for delivering a better learning experience.

The macro considerations of Instructional Design

LearnUpon

Course design should be based on a cognitive theory of how people learn and draw on scientifically valid research findings. Knowledge-construction draws on the work of Piaget who contends that humans are not passive recipients of information, but seek to generate knowledge by actively engaging in cognitive processing. The key here is ‘ cognitive ’ processing. Cognition is the process of learning and includes aspects such as awareness, perception, judgement and reasoning.

Learning experience design: A paradigm shift in L&D

TalentLMS

Colors provoke strong emotional and psychological responses in people, so it’s important to get the balance (as well as the color palette) right to prevent cognitive overload. Blend practical knowledge with the latest research around cognitive science and user/learner psychology.

Must-have skills for User Experience (UX) design in eLearning

eFront

What UX designers lack is the knowledge of how people learn : human cognition. Now, have you ever wondered why it is so easy to use some apps, take a photo, create a to-do list and even look up articles on any topic by a novice individual? The hype about User Experience (UX) design skills is not at all exaggerated. The good news is that anyone with eLearning development skills can train to improve their UX strategies.

Post popularity?

Clark Quinn

In it, I quote a message from a discussion that called for meta-cognitive and leadership skills, and briefly made the case to support the idea. Not that there weren’t good thoughts in it, but it was pretty simple in the mechanism: I (digitally) drew on some photos! My colleague, Will Thalheimer, asked what posts were most popular (if you blog, you can participate too). For complicated reasons, I don’t have Google Analytics running.

Throw them in the deep end! (but keep a life preserver handy)

Making Change

If you just throw them in the deep end, frustration and cognitive overload and squashed self-esteem will supposedly inhibit their learning. Photo by anuarsalleh. “You’re setting them up to fail!” ” You’ve probably heard this if you’ve proposed starting with an activity instead of first providing instruction. “Everyone knows” that people should be carefully shown how to do something and only then allowed to practice doing it.

How to Make Elearning Accessible: Insights from the 2017 CSUN Assistive Technology Conference

The Learning Dispatch

You leverage approaches and techniques so that those who may have a disability related to hearing, vision, mobility, or cognition (among others) have equal access and opportunity to experience the content and instruction of your course. (As The intersection of cognition and accessibility was the subject of several sessions. Image credit: © Can Stock Photo / destina. A week at the CSUN Assistive Technology conference in San Diego leaves the mind reeling.

7 Things to Know About Learning and the Brain

SkyPrep

Research found in the journal Neurology shows that feeling stressed regularly can impair memory and possibly speed up cognitive decline later on in life. As they navigated their way through the maze, there were shown photos of ordinary objects such as an umbrella or a mug.

Brain 87

Describe what you do

Technology Enhanced Learning Blog

” Brendan Strong “If I’m feeling geeky about it, I tell people I use a hierarchical model of cognitive function to create structured learning programmes. Photo by James Coleman on Unsplash.

Universal Design for Learning: Multiple Means of Action & Expression

KnowledgeOne

Use tools to display progression (charts, before and after photos, roadmaps, portfolios). Finding your way through a learning path can be challenging, as we all differ in the way we approach learning. On top of that, expressing what we have learned might not be an easy endeavour for all of us.

How the 8 Effects of Arts Education Are Changing Online Pedagogy, Part 3

Kadenze

Photo by W / Unsplash. For in their quest to realize coherence amid the impulses of emergence, artists experience sensuous cognition at its fullest; where the hand and body work with the imagination, complex judgement, advanced reasoning, and emotional intelligence to generate… creativity! In this third of four vodcasts, Brad Haseman, Executive Vice President of Kadenze, Inc. discusses the distinctive effects arts-led learning is having on online learning design.

How to Make Elearning Accessible: Insights from the 2017 CSUN Assistive Technology Conference

The Learning Dispatch

You leverage approaches and techniques so that those who may have a disability related to hearing, vision, mobility, or cognition (among others) have equal access and opportunity to experience the content and instruction of your course. (As The intersection of cognition and accessibility was the subject of several sessions. Image credit: © Can Stock Photo / destina. A week at the CSUN Assistive Technology conference in San Diego leaves the mind reeling.

DR. STELLA LEE – CRYSTAL BALLING WITH LEARNNOVATORS

Learnnovators

These chatbots can be integrated into a company’s intranet, Learning Management Systems (LMS), smart phones, stand-alone devices, and even everyday appliances (it could even be the photo copiers in your office!). STELLA LEE - CRYSTAL BALLING WITH LEARNNOVATORS.

The Training Manager’s Guide to Accessible Elearning

The Learning Dispatch

Why enable people who have disabilities relating to hearing, vision, mobility, or cognition to access the training that your organization provides? In this context, accessibility means making digital content available to and usable by those with disabilities, most often disabilities relating to vision, hearing, mobility, or cognition. We don’t have anyone who is blind or hard-of-hearing or who has cognitive impairments.

Universal Design for Learning: Multiple Means of Representation

KnowledgeOne

Provide visual support for vocabulary clarification (photos, symbols, videos, etc.). We all learn differently, among other things, depending on how the information is presented to us. Moreover, having any sensory disabilities (e.g.,