Theory-informed design tips

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In other words, assist the learner to link the new knowledge to the relevant point in their existing cognitive structure, and to construct high-level cognitive branches within which to fill the detail. • Apply a minimalist design to reduce extraneous cognitive load. • Use real photos rather than cartoons or illustrations. • Encourage the learner to integrate the VLE into a broader PLE.

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Photo credit: bookworm by Oo_Dee_oO. Nuts and Bolts: Brain Bandwidth - Cognitive Load Theory and Instructional Design by Jane Bozarth - Learning Solutions Magazine , August 2, 2010 Designers often overload learners with information, hurting learning and learner motivation, and thereby undercutting the very thing we say we want to accomplish. designer can avoid this by understanding cognitive load theory and memory; in particular, the concepts of working memory and long term memory.