In Defense of Cognitive Psychology

Clark Quinn

So here’s a response, in defense of cognitive psychology. is in Cognitive Psychology, so I may be defensive and biased, but I’ll try to present scrutable evidence. And I have a small problem with that. Take, for example, cognitive load.

Cognitive Load Theory: The Key to Smarter Instructional Design

Origin Learning

What is cognitive load theory (CLT)? Attributable to John Sweller who developed this theory after thoroughly studying problem solving, CLT provides guidelines for improving learning and retention by focusing on the memory capacity of human beings. While solving problems or trying to ‘learn’ new information, the brain copes up in certain ways, which have been studied and theorized by Sweller. Cognitive load is of three types: Intrinsic.


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10 Tips to Prevent Cognitive Overload in E-Learning


10 Tips to Prevent Cognitive Overload in E-Learning. In a previous blog, we explained cognitive load theory and looked at ways to identify if cognitive overload is a problem in your existing e-learning courses. Split Complex Problems into Small Steps.

An Introduction to Cognitive Load and How to Deal with Cognitive Overload in E-Learning


An Introduction to Cognitive Load and How to Deal with Cognitive Overload in E-Learning. Getting the right cognitive load balance will facilitate this learning process while getting it wrong will result in cognitive overload. Cognitive Load Theory Explained.

Managing Cognitive Load in Content Design

Magic EdTech

Cognitive load theory in Instructional Design comes to the rescue. The theory was proposed by John Sweller in 1988 and is built on the way the human mind processes information. Cognitive load relates to the amount of information the working memory can hold.

Designing eLearning for Cognitive Ease

Integrated Learnings

I recently started reading Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman, and the chapter on cognitive ease offered all sorts of implications for eLearning design. This, combined with additional discussion in the book, suggests that a bad mood creates cognitive strain, and a good mood promotes cognitive ease. The Finding : The book describes a study in which participants were asked to solve a case study problem. Everything else about the problem was identical.

Manage Cognitive Load in Digital Learning

B Online Learning

Research into our cognitive architecture has lead to the development of Cognitive Load Theory (CLT) and related guidelines which, when applied, results in more efficient learning. Cognitive Load Theory – The study of the human memory system and its components has provided extensive evidence about how humans process and store new and existing pieces of information. It’s evidence based, there’s been lots of studies and experiments to test the theory.

Unravelling The Relevance Of Social Cognitive Theory in Online Learning


This leads us to the theory by psychologist Albert Bandura known as the ‘Social Cognitive Theory’. What is Social Cognitive Theory? Started as the ‘Social learning theory’ in the 1960s by Albert Bandura, it is widely used in psychology, education and communication domains. The theory throws light on how when people see a model performing a specific behavior, based on their observation they use this information to guide subsequent behaviors.

Managing Cognitive Load in Content Design

Magic EdTech

Cognitive load theory, Instructional Design theory comes to the rescue, it prescribes a scientific way to design learning materials at a pace and level of complexity that the learner can fully understand. The focus of cognitive load theory is to do just that.

What is a Cognitive Apprenticeship?

Kapp Notes

The concept of cognitive apprenticeship is grounded in the theory of Situated Cognition. Situated cognition is a theory of instruction that suggests learning is naturally tied to authentic activity, context, and culture. To grasp subjects, learners need much more than abstract concepts and self-contained examples, they need to be exposed to the use of the information and cognitive tools in an authentic activity.

Taxonomy of Learning Theories

E-Learning Provocateur

Academia is teeming with learning theories. It can be quite a challenge for the modern learning professional to identify an appropriate learning theory, draw practical ideas from it, and apply it to their daily work. Which theory do you choose? How does it relate to other theories? To clear some of the obfuscation that surrounds learning theory, I have developed the following Taxonomy of Learning Theories. Schema theories . Cognitive load .

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Cognitive load theory: does it help?


Cognitive load theory was first introduced in the 1980s and was based on observation surrounding the teaching of mathematics. There is very little data concerning the use of cognitive load theory, or the learning techniques based on it, in commercial adult learning. Cognitive load theory addresses the demand on working memory, but is this issue still top of our list of priorities?

Make Corporate Training Memorable With Cognitive Load Theory


Cognitive Load Theory (CLT) is an instructional design theory that uses the science of how the human brain processes information to inform the design of learning materials so they are easy to comprehend and remember. I’m sure you recall those problem-solving riddles, which usually started something like this: It’s late at night. You might also remember the frustration and mind-yoga involved in working through the problem!

Learning theories

Ed App

Five Current Learning Theories. Learning theories unpack complex cognitive processes and provide useful mental models for educators to structure and design courses around, while also providing insights on best practice during and after learning experiences. Problem-solving.

Cognitive Learning: How to Use It, Benefits and Examples

Academy of Mine

What is Cognitive Learning Theory? Cognitive Learning Theory is a hypothesis about the way individuals learn new information that looks past whether a student got an answer right or wrong and instead examines how the student arrived at that answer.

Designing eLearning for Schema Theory

Integrated Learnings

This is schema theory. Part of the foundation of learning psychology , schema theory suggests that memory consists of interrelated networks of knowledge, or mental models. Our experiences constantly build and revise these mental models, which we use to solve problems and understand the world around us. Schema theory also supports the effectiveness of stories and scenarios in learning. Has schema theory helped inform the way you design eLearning? Schema theory.

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Sociocultural Learning Theory

Ed App

The acquisition of knowledge is an individual undertaking, but the sociocultural learning theory argues that social interaction is vital in learning. What is sociocultural learning theory? Principles of sociocultural learning theory.

Online Training Overload: 9 Surprising Symptoms Of Cognitive Overwhelm


In this article, I’ll share 9 surprising symptoms to help you diagnose cognitive overwhelm in online training. How To Diagnose Cognitive Overwhelm In Online Training The human brain can only absorb so much before it starts to experience side effects, which prevents employees from assimilating information and fine-tuning their skill sets. Simply put, cognitive overwhelm can wreak havoc on team dynamics and your online training ROI. They may grasp the theory to some extent.

How cognitive biases can influence your training strategy


And perhaps the theory of cognitive biases explains best why reality is perceived differently by different brains. How cognitive biases can influence your training strategy. Let’s see some cognitive biases and how they can influence our training strategies: Egocentrism.

Solving Cognitive Overload with Point of Need Tools

Saffron Interactive

Why are workers struggling with cognitive overload? Let’s start with the background of why cognitive overload has crept up on us. That would be an easy way to dismiss the problem. It’s not my problem. It’s not about time, it’s about cognitive overload. Cognitive load theory was developed in the late 1980s out of a study of problem-solving by John Sweller. Well, it’s because they are suffering from cognitive overload.

Cammy Beans Learning Visions: Cognitive Flexibility Theory & Multiple Representations

Learning Visions

Wednesday, May 09, 2007 Cognitive Flexibility Theory & Multiple Representations After reading Clarks comment on my posting from yesterday , Ive been looking into Cognitive Flexibility Theory (Spiro), trying to better understand the notion of "multiple representations." (You The point is to provide more than one way to initially get it, more ways to trigger activation when its seen in practice, and more frameworks to apply to solving the problem.

Social Learning Theory: Principles and Applications

Roundtable Learning

In this blog, we explore how understanding and applying the Social Learning Theory can boost Learning & Development and training courses. Albert Bandura, a social psychologist, developed a theory surrounding this type of collaborative learning.

Bloom's Revised Taxonomy: Cognitive processes and levels of knowledge matrix

Big Dog, Little Dog

While Bloom''s original cognitive taxonomy did mention three levels of knowledge or products that could be processed (shown below), they were not discussed very much and remained one-dimensional. The three levels are: Factual - The basic elements students must know to be acquainted with a discipline or solve problems. In Krathwohl and Anderson''s revised version, the authors combine the cognitive processes with the above three levels of knowledge to form a matrix.

What learning theories are important for instructional designing?

Creativ Technologies

But there are problems involved when the module is not designed as per the requirements of the target audience. This theory has the presumption that human behaviour starts repeating itself after some time under the influence of their external environment.

Adult learning theories for instructional designers: Transformative learning


The theory of transformative learning has been developed by Jack Mezirow. Instrumental learning deals with problem-solving, is task-oriented, and evaluates all cause-and-effect relationships. They shed light on various aspects of a new problem or situation.

Explaining the Dual Coding Theory


One theory that hypothesizes the expansion of knowledge retrieval states that visual cues improve recall. It is called the Dual Coding Theory. What is Dual Coding Theory? In the core of Dual Coding Theory lies the attempt to prompt learning and expand on learning material through verbal associations and visual imagery. Our cognition is a complex process that is capable of dealing simultaneously with language input and nonverbal objects and events.

How our learning theories shape how we use technology for learning

Joitske Hulsebosch eLearning

I read a paper called Perspectives on learning and technology: A review of theoretical perspectives "This paper provides a review of literature pertaining to theoretical references on educational practice and technology from perspectives of learning theories of the 20th and 21st centuries." A learning theory (or theories) helps understand how people learn, thereby assisting educators, trainers and facilitators reflect on their educational practices.

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On principle, practice, experimentation, and theory

Clark Quinn

But there’s little ‘micro’ about the types of problems we solve. And the problem is, you can’t really answer the question the way they think you should be able to. The problem is, most empirical research tends to be done around very small situations: these 3 classrooms were trialed in this state or province. John Sweller’s Cognitive Load Theory ).

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Do Learning Styles Matter?

Integrated Learnings

I may prefer to solve a problem on my own, but I am capable of attempting to do it with a group. Instructional Design Learning Style Workplace Learning Instructor-led Training eLearning Learning Theory Cognitive TheoryBy Shelley A. Gable. At first, learning styles seemed to be a hot topic because theorists were interested in defining various style typologies and prescribing instructional implications.

Accomplish Spaced Learning with eLearning

Integrated Learnings

An initial course (taught by an instructor or via eLearning) might introduce some problem-solving principles, perhaps teach learners how to use available job aids or other performance support tools, and then provide practice opportunities with basic and intermediate scenarios. The following week, learners complete another eLearning exercise of scenarios, this time moving toward more advanced problems. By Shelley A. Gable.

Applying The Subsumption Theory In eLearning


David Ausubel, a noted American psychologist who specialized in education and learning behaviors, introduced the Subsumption Theory back in 1963. In this article, I’ll delve into the basics of the Subsumption Theory, and I’ll share 4 tips on how you can use it in your eLearning course design. According to Ausubel’s Subsumption Theory , a learner absorbs new information by tying it to existing concepts and ideas that they have already acquired.

Your Ticket to Great Instructional Design

Origin Learning

A good way to begin is by discussing a generally likely problem/ scenario that they face on-the-job and evoking responses and first-hand experiences of how they dealt with the situation. It is very tempting for instructional designers to present problems that have clear-cut answers. Rather than having a results-oriented approach to problem design, a more effective way is to give them open ended problems in the form of ‘what-if’ scenarios.

Constructivism 13: Double Loop Learning

The E-Learning Curve

Double-loop learning recognises that the way a problem is defined and solved can be a source of the problem. Double loop learning Learning Theory learning theory non-formal learning organizational learning principles of constructivism Schon situated cognitionIn double loop learning, goals or decision-making rules are modified in the light of experience; the second loop facilitates their modification.

A New Year’s Resolution: Remove the Fluff from eLearning

Integrated Learnings

Learning theories suggest that we ought to introduce and review new knowledge in ways that: Relate to what we already know (which is why Gagne’s model prompts us to stimulate recall early in a lesson), for the sake of making the information meaningful and easier to recall later Include the context of when learners will apply it on the job, so that real-life triggers will help learners recall the knowledge when it’s needed. By Shelley A. Gable.

Let Learners Sleep on It

Integrated Learnings

Another example, published in Nature in 2004, suggests that sleep can enhance performance in creative problem solving. in Germany trained subjects how to solve a math problem using a tedious method. Subjects practiced solving problems during the initial training session and again in another session 12 hours later. But there’s a twist: there was actually a much easier way to solve the problem, which the researchers did not teach to the participants. By Shelley A. Gable.

Which Learning Theories are Right for Your Organization?


There are lots of learning theories out there, but they are not a one size fits all thing. Your learning & development team should investigate the different theories and decide which ones suit the type of training you need to deliver, and the company culture you’re creating . Once you’ve nailed down the learning theory you’re basing your training off, you can implement it with your LMS. 7 popular corporate training learning theories to try. Adult Learning Theory.

Theory-informed design tips

E-Learning Provocateur

In my previous article , I proposed a Taxonomy of Learning Theories to organise a few of the myriad of theories into some semblance of order, and to assist instructional designers in using theory to inform their work. In this article, I go one step further by listing specific, practical instructional design tips that are informed by those theories. If you have your own theory-informed design tips, I’d love you to share them with me!

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A Quick, No-Nonsense Guide to Basic Instructional Design Theory

SHIFT eLearning

A lot of eLearning professionals, especially those who have just started with their practice, often ask about the need for theory. Why bother with an instructional design theory at all? Practice and theory actually goes hand in hand. Theory, far from crippling your practice, will actually help you improve the quality of your eLearning material. Three Most Popular Learning Theories of Instructional Design. Further Read: The cognitive approach: the basics.

Applying Social Learning Theory to eLearning


Albert Bandura’s social learning theory hypothesizes that we learn by observing and modeling the behavior of others. This theory has been pivotal in understanding how we learn, and how to create the best environment for learning to occur in. In this post, we take a look at Bandura’s theory in the context of a Learning Management System. Bandura’s social learning theory. Bandura’s theory focuses on observation and imitation. How did they navigate problems?

eLearning Course Design: 7 Instructional Design Theories & Models To Consider

Adobe Captivate

Here are the top 7 Instructional Design theories & models that you should consider for your next eLearning course. Learning various Instructional Design theories will help you develop more meaningful eLearning courses. Here are 7 top Instructional Design theories that you may want to think about for your upcoming eLearning course design. Situated Cognition Theory. Essentially, the theory is based on the concept that you cannot separate knowing from doing.