Learner Engagement: Behavioral, Cognitive, & Affective

Experiencing eLearning

However, we can also support the cognitive and affective dimensions of engagement. The version in Baker et al (2010) refers to a specific educational software program for students; I made this more general to elearning. Cognitive engagement. Cognitive and affective engagement.

The Planet Captivate Blog – Cognitive Load

Adobe Captivate

However, one topic that Jim has helped me to better understand is that of cognitive load. There has been a great deal of research done on the topic, but in a nutshell, it refers to the amount of information the human brain can effectively process at one time. Since Jim’s and my first discussion about cognitive load, I’ve challenged myself to dive into learning more about it, specifically, proactively targeting a learner’s cognitive load while developing eLearning content.

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How Visual Clarity Affects Learning

The eLearning Coach

Processing fluency refers to the ease with which a person processes information. Cognition Developing eLearning Graphics processing fluency visuals visuals for learningA high processing fluency benefits learning.

Demystifying Cognitive Load Theory

ID Mentors

Cognitive load theory is credited to the work and research of John Sweller in the 1980s. Hopefully, this will reduce Cognitive Load! What does Cognitive Load mean? The effort required to process new information by your working memory is known as Cognitive Load. High cognitive load requires more working memory resources and thus impacts the learning process. How can you determine if the Cognitive Load is high or low? Two factors impact Cognitive Load.

Agile Microlearning Explained

COGNITIVE SCIENCE BEHIND OTTOLEARN v1.1 2THE COGNITIVE SCIENCE BEHIND OTTOLEARN OTTOLEARN COPYRIGHT © 2018 NEOVATION CORPORATION INTRODUCTION Disruptive technologies are critical to growth and success. OttoLearn leverages key theories from cognitive science to.

Learning by Watching: Social Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning

Origin Learning

Rather, we have stated this example to prove a point: that observation is an intrinsic human technique to learn unfamiliar tasks or behaviors – something that has been theorized by the psychologist Albert Bandura as what he called the ‘Social Cognitive Theory’. What is Social Cognitive Theory? Personal factors includes mental cognition: personality, self-efficacy and motivation of the learner.

TMI! Cognitive Overload and Learning

Learningtogo

This is an example of what we call “cognitive overload.”. Cognitive Load Theory was introduced by John Sweller to explain why people have so much more difficulty learning complex content. Aerospace companies, for example, consider cognitive load when they design airplane and spaceship control panels. The more challenging the content, the more likely that the learner will experience an excessive cognitive load.

The Cognitive Learning Theory

Ed App

There are various aspects of the Cognitive Learning Theory (CLT) all of which are important to consider when studying the cognition of individuals. The cognitive learning process is based on individuals cognitively processing input to result in a behaviour. The theory is broken down into two further theories: the Cognitive Behavioral Theory (CBT) and the Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). Cognitive Behavioral Theory (CBT).

Cognitive Dissonance Theory

Ed App

Cognitive dissonance is a psychological term referring to the mental incompatibility between two or more beliefs. Cognitive dissonance, a form of psychological stress, commonly occurs in the learning process when new knowledge is given to learners with the expectation of a complete grasp of course content. Say hello to your solution to cognitive overload and disengaged employees. Critical Evaluation of Cognitive Dissonance. EdApp eLearning cognitive dissonance

Cognitive Bias: When Our Brain Plays Tricks On Us

KnowledgeOne

We are all quite familiar with the phenomenon of optical illusions, but less so with the phenomenon of cognitive biases. The underside of cognitive bias. This cognitive bias, which is said to affect more than half of us (!),

Cognitive Bias in Education: the Pygmalion Effect

KnowledgeOne

These erroneous judgments are called cognitive biases, and some 250 different ones are known to date. Moreover, being an adult is not necessarily an advantage in this fight against cognitive bias. Related articles: Cognitive Bias: When Our Brain Plays Tricks On Us.

The Cognitive Science Behind Learning

CLO Magazine

There are levels of analysis; neural is one, but the next level up is the cognitive level. That’s where most of the important implications come from, as well as the social level above the cognitive. The Cognitive Umbrella. Consider the following simplified version of the cognitive science of learning to draw some important implications on what should happen in organizational learning. There we’ve already transcended the neural level and moved into the cognitive level.

Cognitive load theory: does it help?

Walkgrove

Cognitive load theory was first introduced in the 1980s and was based on observation surrounding the teaching of mathematics. There is very little data concerning the use of cognitive load theory, or the learning techniques based on it, in commercial adult learning. Cognitive load theory addresses the demand on working memory, but is this issue still top of our list of priorities? If the answer is no, then do we really need to worry about cognitive overload

How to Combat Cognitive Overload with Connie Malamed #ASTDTK12

Learning Visions

high cognitive load (which leads to poor comprehension and obstructs learning) Cognitive load affected by # of interacting elements. If you present info with big words that people have to interpret, you’re imposing high cognitive load. My live notes from session at ASTDTK12 with @elearningcoach. Long term memory is like a server farm.

Cognitive Tunnelling: How to Achieve Focus Through Stories

Vignettes Learning

Cognitive Tunneling When things are automated, our brains don’t have to monitor our environment. David Strayer , a cognitive psychologist at the University of Utah, likens this scenario to the dimming of a spotlight representative of the brain’s attention span. Failure to transition from the former to the latter state results in cognitive tunneling, a “mental glitch” caused by automation. Cognitive tunneling then is misplaced focus. References Jeff Wise.

Cogitating cognition

Learning Rocks

It's strange, but every time I read anything about cognitive load it seems to be in a pure, old-fashioned, "words on a page" kind of context. Quite serendipitously a mail in my inbox led me to unearth this little treasure trove of papers on the subject from several authors, but mostly Sweller - I haven't had time to read all the works, test the URLs for authenticity or cross-reference other authors, but they seem sound.

Cogitating cognition

Learning Rocks

It's strange, but every time I read anything about cognitive load it seems to be in a pure, old-fashioned, "words on a page" kind of context. Quite serendipitously a mail in my inbox led me to unearth this little treasure trove of papers on the subject from several authors, but mostly Sweller - I haven't had time to read all the works, test the URLs for authenticity or cross-reference other authors, but they seem sound.

The Big Idea: Unlearning

Upside Learning

Basically “unlearning” refers to learning what you may already know, in order to understand it better and from a different perspective. eLearning Big ideas Cognitive biases Learning trend Unlearning Webs of KnowledgeUnlearning is one of those new(ish) terms that are becoming very popular. It isn’t as much about forgetting what you know, as stepping back from it to be able to see it differently.

Ideas 179

Designing Learning for Mental Models

The eLearning Coach

Mental models refer to the representations people construct about how things in the external world work. CognitionBy understanding a learner's mental models, we can improve our user interfaces, instructional interventions and overall learning experiences.

It’s not about the ‘what.’ It’s about the ‘how’ and the ‘feel.’

CLO Magazine

In other words, they have the cognitive skills of leadership: They know the “what” — rules and regulations, etc. They must train in cognitive skills, behavioral skills and situational awareness to create any lasting result.

Taxonomy of Learning Theories

E-Learning Provocateur

It’s important to note that Social Learning Theory now extends beyond the behaviourist domain to encompass cognition, particularly through the work of Julian Rotter and Albert Bandura. . Similarly, David Ausubel’s Subsumption Theory proposes that learning involves the linking of new information to relevant points in the learner’s existing cognitive structure. Cognitive load . Academia is teeming with learning theories.

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Top 5 Performance Support Apps for Learning Designers

Learnnovators

That’s why Instructional Design Guru defines terms from Instructional Design, Cognitive Psychology, Social Media, Multimedia, Technology and Law. It is powered by a glossary that carries over 450 terms on subjects related to learning design (including Cognitive Psychology, Instructional Design, Learning Theory, Online Learning, Multimedia Development and Social Media), along with definitions. THE QUOTE: “ Instructional Design is complex and overlaps with many fields.

Implicit bias affects us all

CLO Magazine

When people in your organization don’t fit neatly into your categories, it causes cognitive dissonance — a state in which existing beliefs are inconsistent with the evidence available. As a chief learning officer, you likely have experience with leadership development programs.

Your Ticket to Great Instructional Design

Origin Learning

A quick reference to what I said earlier: Expectations must be set in the beginning, but breaking expectations once in a while in the middle of the course, for example asking participants to perform an (achievable) task impromptu is a great technique to stimulate interest and activate participation. Cognitive Load Theory warns against the dangers of overloading learners with too much information. Instructional design is certainly not an easy business.

The Shoemaker’s Children – How Travel, Training and Social Learning Expand Your Mind

Learningtogo

The hippocampus is a remarkable structure within the Limbic system , sometimes called the “midbrain,” referring to our understanding that it evolved in early mammals as a means of separating mammalian species from more primitive species with “reptilian” brains. It is this relationship between space, emotion, memory, and cognition that I explore today. These cognitive tasks are accelerated and enhanced through the development of better and better mental maps in the hippocampus.

10 Things You Should Know About Attention

The eLearning Coach

Attention refers to being on task or having focus. CognitionIt is crucial to learning and getting work done. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines it as: “the act or state of applying the mind to something; … a selective narrowing or focusing of consciousness and receptivity.” ” The better we understand attention, the greater is our ability to support learning. So what do we need […].

Knock-Knock! Is Anybody in There? – Why Your Brain is Still Essentially a Black Box

Learningtogo

Skinner had no patience for attempts to study feelings or cognitive processes. In science and engineering, the term refers to any complex device for which we know the inputs and outputs, but not the inner workings. The greater question about human cognition and how it takes place in the brain has implications for artificial intelligence as well, as Skinner pointed out: “The real question is not whether machines think but whether men do.

Brain 100

TOP 5 PERFORMANCE SUPPORT APPS FOR LEARNING DESIGNERS

Learnnovators

That’s why Instructional Design Guru defines terms from Instructional Design, Cognitive Psychology, Social Media, Multimedia, Technology and Law. It is powered by a glossary that carries over 450 terms on subjects related to learning design (including Cognitive Psychology, Instructional Design, Learning Theory, Online Learning, Multimedia Development and Social Media), along with definitions. THE QUOTE: “ Instructional Design is complex and overlaps with many fields.

#BrainTime 2: Time will tell

Learning with 'e's

References Broadway, J. age brain cognition deja vu education learning memory relativity timeImage from Pixabay In a recent post I discussed the strange experience of déjà vu. As far as we know, it is exclusively a human experience.

From novice to expert

Learning with 'e's

a student cohort) can be extended by encouraging them to scaffold weaker, or less expert learners, to encourage and lead, in a kind of cognitive apprenticeship. Subsequent work on the theory has revealed that cognitive tools (learning with, rather than through technology) can be applied to amplify the ''situatedness'' of learning, by providing active, engaging contexts. Reference Lave, J. Anderson ACT-R Cognitive Architecture 2.

Making memories

Learning with 'e's

Adaptive Control of Thought - Rational - abbreviated to ACT-R (also known as ATC*) - is a cognitive theory of learning that is concerned with the way memory is structured. The so called cognitive architecture of ACT-R is made up of three main components. ACT* cognition cognitive architecture education John Anderson learning memory theory This is the first in a series of posts on important theories of learning and memory.

Memory full

Learning with 'e's

The work of John Sweller and Nillie Lavie on Cognitive Load Theory and Capacity Theory (based on studies by Shalom Fisch ) is useful to help us understand how to optimise digital design environments such as the layout of virtual learning environments or online discussion groups. What exactly can Cognitive Load Theory do to help us to optimise students'' memories? To understand Cognitive Load Theory, we first need to revisit Working Memory (WM).

Learning theories

Ed App

Learning theories unpack complex cognitive processes and provide useful mental models for educators to structure and design courses around, while also providing insights on best practice during and after learning experiences. cognitive strategies refer to internal processes and metacognition).

RETHINKING THE RAZOR “ILT HAS THE SHELF LIFE OF MILK” or an INTRODUCTION TO Instructor Led Interactive Learning (ILIL or Live Action Learning)

Wonderful Brain

Even good references and notes made and organized, or I had provided, became relics of the event. Following through with learning on site, in the real environment – with reference back to exemplars of preferred information, skills and behaviors. Change Cognition Disruptive Learning ILT Instructional DesignIn the midst of a project where I’m conducting quality control on both online and ILT courseware I came across this video: [link].

ILT 40

A Meta-analysis Indicating the Benefits of Video Games for Older Adults

Kapp Notes

The study is called “Video Game Training Enhances Cognition of Older Adults: A Meta-Analytic Study.” ” The main aim of the meta-analytic study was to investigate the extent to which cognitive training with video games enhances cognitive functions in healthy older adults (age 60 and older). Here is what they found: It has been suggested that video game training enhances cognitive functions in young and older adults. References: Toril, P.,

Deeper learning

Learning with 'e's

Other explanations of memory have focused on the functions of various types of memory, and such approaches are often referred to as multi-store theories. Instead of referring to different stores of memory, Craik and Lockhart proposed that there are different levels of information processing. Craik and Lockhart claimed that the deeper the processing, the stronger will be the trace of that memory, and thus recall will take less cognitive effort. Reference Craik, F.

Conflict resolution

Learning with 'e's

In this post, we continue to explore Festinger''s work, this time focusing on his theory of cognitive dissonance. Festinger called this phenomenon cognitive dissonance. Cognitive dissonance is essentially a theory of motivation through conflict resolution. As Kendra Cherry argues: "Cognitive dissonance plays a role in many value judgements, decisions and evaluations. This results in disappointment, which can be described as a form of cognitive dissonance.