New pedagogies?

Learning with 'e's

We need a new set of pedagogies (and we also need to know how these can be supported with theory) if we are to maximise the impact of technology on education. New wine needs to be poured into new wineskins, and similarly new technologies require new pedagogies, which requires us to change the way we teach, assess, and even represent knowledge. Photo by Alan Levine on Flickr New pedagogies? Unported License.

Networked pedagogy

Learning with 'e's

New theories for the networked, digital age, emerging cultures of learning and a hyper-connected and networked society. Image by Calvinius on Wikimedia Commons Networked pedagogy by Steve Wheeler is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Differentials between academic practices, and the variety of roles we adopt within communities of practice and learning.

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Narrative pedagogy 3: Problem solving

Learning with 'e's

In this short series (on what I will call 'narrative pedagogy'*) I'm exploring some of the storytelling techniques that can be adapted for use in education. In Gestalt theory , all humans are assumed to have an innate psychological need to complete the incomplete, to close the circle. Photo by Kabir Bakie on Wikimedia Commons *Yes, I know that the term 'narrative pedagogy' has been used before, but in other contexts. Unported License.

Bear pit pedagogy

Learning with 'e's

In other words, we enable digital and physical learning spaces in which they can freely explore ideas, argue with each other (and us) over concepts and theories and in so doing, develop their reasoning and thinking skills. They must also investigate theories critically, because if they simply accept a theory as 'truth', they may be leading their entire classroom down a blind alley. Unported License.

Learning theories for the digital age

Learning with 'e's

I pointed out recently that many of the older theories of pedagogy were formulated in a pre-digital age. I blogged about some of the new theories that seem appropriate as explanatory frameworks for learning in a digital age. Is it now time for these new theories to replace the old ones? Are the old theories still adequate to describe the kinds of learning that we witness today in our hyper-connected world? Unported License.

Supporting online learners

Learning with 'e's

I cover a range of themes around online learning support, and apply several well known theories to explain what is required in digital learning environments. Unported License.

How to Create Effective Test Questions

CourseArc

For a more subjective topic, like political theory, you might first list all the key concepts you’d expect a student to be able to explain by the end of your course, as well as the critical thinking skills you’d expect them to be able to employ. Image: “ Quiz ” by Animated Heaven, via Flickr Creative Commons License.

How to Make Sure Your Course Meets Its Learning Objectives

CourseArc

” They follow rules, theories, or laws governing the objectives they espouse, and they measure the outcomes of their efforts against those objectives. Be very careful not to confuse Training Objectives (which may be much broader in scope, like “obtaining a driver’s license”) with individual Learning Objectives for that course (like “understanding the rules of safe vehicle operation”).

Who's in charge?

Learning with 'e's

This is number 35 in my ongoing series on learning theories. In this series I have been providing a brief overview of each theory, and how each can be applied in education. The most recent post in this series featured spreading activation theory - a theory adapted from a hierarchical model of memory proposed by Ross Quillian and Allan Collins. In this post, I present a brief overview of Julian Rotter's locus of control theory. Bandura Social Learning Theory 4.

3 Steps for Creating Online Courses Your Students Will Love and Remember

CourseArc

Example: If your objective is to train users to troubleshoot problems in a specific program or operating system, your content must go beyond delivering theories or serving as a reference (with anecdotes, diagrams, etc.) Images by Betsy Warner and Matt Cornock via Flickr Creative Commons license. Instructional Design Online Learning eLearning instructional design Pedagogy user experienceSeth Godin speaking at Business of Software 2010 • Image by Betsy Weber.

Online 125

Digital identity

Learning with 'e's

What's more, they are placed into the context of online learning, digital pedagogy, social and psychological theory and teaching in the technology enabled world of the virtual classroom. Unported License.

The battle for education

Learning with 'e's

As a result, there are many educational approaches, a myriad of theories and a bewildering number of perspectives. Social constructivist theory clearly derived from this set of tenets. Aristolean realist theory became the basis for behaviourist beliefs that content was central to education, under the control of experts. Unported License. EEVV351 Aristotle curriculum education idealism learning pedagogy philosophy realism socrates teaching theory

Communities and connections

Learning with 'e's

My opening keynote speech at the 29th annual EDEN conference at VIVES University of Applied Sciences in Bruges, Belgium earlier this week was given the title Connected pedagogies - Learning and teaching in the digital age. I also mentioned some of the emerging tools and technologies that are just becoming available, and speculated on how these might influence changes in pedagogy in the coming years. Unported License. Photo by Airina Volungevi?ien?

Strictly for adults?

Learning with 'e's

This is number 23 in my series on learning theories. I''m working through the alphabet of psychologists and theorists, providing a brief overview of each theory, and how it can be applied in education. In this post, we review the andragogy theory of Malcolm Knowles. As usual, this is a simplified interpretation of the theory, so if you wish to learn more, please read the associated literature. Bandura Social Learning Theory 4. Bruner Scaffolding Theory 5.

Passing of the year

Learning with 'e's

Perhaps his greatest contribution to our knowledge about educational technology came in the form of his theory of transfer of learning (a theory that can be applied to learning through problem solving), but he also did extensive work into the optimal design of cognitive tools and learning environments. Photo by Frankie Leon on Flickr Passing of the year by Steve Wheeler was written in Plymouth, England and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0

What shapes teachers' uses of technology?

Learning with 'e's

It derives from the work of Seymour Papert on Constructionism - the theory behind 'learning by making', Makerspaces, Fab Labs and Logo. Granted, some might consider this to be an over-simplification of the two theories , but regardless of what camp you sit most comfortably within, it's interesting to note that the way technology can be deployed is influenced by teacher beliefs, and its success or failure can be influenced by the manner of its deployment. Unported License.

Digital me, digital you

Learning with 'e's

A useful model that can be applied as a framework to aid our understanding of the interaction between individuals, tools and technologies, other people and the wider learning ecosystem, is the model developed by Engestrom and his colleagues (building on the work of Leont''ev, Rubinstein and other social constructivist theorists) which we now know as Activity Theory. Unported License.

New wine, new wineskins

Learning with 'e's

New methods cannot be fully explained or justified by old theories. My interpretation is this: new societal needs require new methods of teaching; new methods of teaching need new theories - theories for the information age. For example, if new technology is used in the same way as old technology, the pedagogy ''wineskin'' is likely to break. Unported License. Technology theory pedagogy education learning school Jesus Christ Future Shock

Words in mind

Learning with 'e's

This is number 34 in my learning theories series. Psychologists and cognitive scientists have offered a number of useful theories that aid our understanding of learning. In this series I have been providing a brief overview of each theory, and how each can be applied in education. In this post I examine a cognitive theory - spreading activation theory - adapted from a hierarchical model of memory proposed by Ross Quillian and Allan Collins. Unported License.

Blends, borders and boundaries

Learning with 'e's

In online and virtual forms of education, especially blended forms of pedagogy, learners are constantly transitioning between complex states as they learn, interact with their tools, content and with others; and as they navigate, discover, create, organise, remix, repurpose and share content. However, these may be complexities that matter more in theory than in practice. Unported License.

The cult of the grade

Learning with 'e's

It seems strange that the education community is willing to adopt new technologies and develop new theories and methods of education, but it can't arrive at a way to get rid of grading. Assessment drives pedagogy, so if assessment doesn't change, it's difficult to teach in new ways. It's bad pedagogy, and needs to be challenged. It is difficult, when leaders resist, for institutions to break out of old, traditional thinking about pedagogy. Unported License.

Learning as dialogue

Learning with 'e's

Many of the earlier learning theories place the learner in splendid isolation. From the neo-behaviourist theories of Thorndike, Watson and Skinner, we were led to believe that learners respond to stimuli and make associations between the two, and that these links represent learning. And yet these theories paid scant attention to the social contexts within which learning occurs. Unported License.

Video: The power and the story

Learning with 'e's

As politely as I could, I explained to him that making his students sit through a full 90 minutes of video was not particularly good pedagogy. A closer look at cognitive load theory (Sweller, 1988 ) reveals that human processing relies predominantly on visual and auditory stimuli, but this is limited. Video: The power and the story Steve Wheeler was written in Plymouth, England and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

Teaching and learning through dialogue

Learning with 'e's

For me this was a skillful, but relaxed and unobtrusive kind of pedagogy, involving every student in the room, debating, deliberating and generally exploring together the nuances and intricacies of our subject. When teachers wish to promote democratic learning, students are given license to challenge and encouraged to discuss, debate, argue. Unported License. conversation dialogue discussion Dr Ken Gale education learning Learning with ''e''s pedagogy socratic discourse

Teach 59

Blogging: Five of the best

Learning with 'e's

The Meaning Of Pedagogy (>62,000 views, 8 comments) This was a post I wrote in response to questions from my students while working at the Plymouth Institute of Education. One group asked what the origin of the word 'pedagogy' was, and as I explained, I realised that I needed to capture the idea behind 'leading someone to learning'. Learning Theories For The Digital Age (>22,000 views) Reference Lessig, L. Unported License.

#Learning is.

Learning with 'e's

From this, the many definitions and perspectives that were offered made me think that each could be elaborated on, supported with pedagogical theory and opened up for further discussion. I previously wrote on the subjects of the meaning of pedagogy and the meaning of education , and attempted to address the question ' what is learning ?' by Steve Wheeler was written in Plymouth, England and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0

Cammy Beans Learning Visions: Memoirs of an "Instructional Designer"

Learning Visions

I have never taken a class in pedagogy. I have never taken a course in adult learning theory. went on to do a short ID course, which introduced me to valuable theories (that supported what I had been doing instinctively and gave me a sound background) but did not teach me the practical aspects. Wendy Wickham This work by Cammy Bean is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 United States License.

Learning from each other

Learning with 'e's

This approach to pedagogy has its roots in Vygotskiian Zone of Proximal Development theory , where a more knowledgeable other, whether teacher, adult or simply a better informed peer, can extend someone's learning experience beyond what they might achieve alone (Vygotsky, 1978). This is not something ZPD theory explicitly takes into account. Unported License. collaborative learning learning pedagogy peer learning problem solving teaching Vygotsky ZPD

Connected learning

Learning with 'e's

There are many theories and constructs that can inform us of the nature and potential impact of connected learning. Jerome Bruner developed ZPD theory to include the concept of scaffolded learning. It maintains a focus on personal construction of meaning through exploration and experimentation, and relies less on social contexts than ZPD theory. Unported License. algorithm connected education learning pedagogy Scaffolding schema Technology ZPD

How complex is learning?

Learning with 'e's

The result is a multitude of contradictory theories and explanations on what learning is, how it happens and what teachers need to do to optimise it. We flounder and stumble as we try to navigate a plethora of educational theories and we become bogged down in prescribed institutional pedagogies, providing no more than glimpses of true education for our students. by Steve Wheeler is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0

Brain 60

#LearningIs.

Learning with 'e's

From this, the many definitions and perspectives that were offered made me think that each could be elaborated on, supported with pedagogical theory and opened up for further discussion. I previously wrote on the subjects of the meaning of pedagogy and the meaning of education , and attempted to address the question ' what is learning ?' by Steve Wheeler was written in Plymouth, England and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0

(re)Designing learning in a digital world

Learning with 'e's

In the keynote presentations I tackled some contentious topics, including the issuing of challenges to a number of long standing and widely accepted theories (or beliefs) about how learning occurs. Even Vygotsky's ZPD (Zone of Proximal Development) was placed under the microscope as we travelled through a landscape of emerging pedagogies that are aligned to supporting learners in a digital age. Unported License.

The anomie in our midst

Learning with 'e's

Photo from Maxpixel The French sociologist Emile Durkheim's study of suicide led to a theory that instability resulting in a breakdown of standards or social conventions can lead to alienation. Theories such as Durkheim's anomie may be useful in shaping our understanding of how people feel alienated in society, whether they are refugees or natives to the country they live within. Unported License.

Digital age learning

Learning with 'e's

In my Learning is learning post yesterday, I started a debate about andragogy and pedagogy. I held the position that the theory of andragogy (Malcolm Knowles) adds very little to our understanding of learning. In some ways, I argued, andragogy theory seems outmoded in the light of recent rapid developments in new teaching methods, learning resources and digital media. Unported License.

Praxis makes perfect

Learning with 'e's

My explanation is that praxis is at the nexus - the overlap - between theory and practice. Praxis is the essence of what happens when theory is applied to practice, and can be simplified in this Venn diagram. Theory without action is just theory. Action without theory can be just as hollow. How can you justify your actions and decisions in the classroom, if you have no theory to support you? The best way to use theory is to test it out in practice.

#40years of educational technology: Computers

Learning with 'e's

Pedagogy and technology are in a symbiotic relationship, and I have been privileged to witness its development first hand over the last 40 years. Over time I developed several educational software packages during this time which were distributed across the country, and just about every nurse in the UK at the time, learnt at least some of their theory and practice through my CAL software. Unported License.

Who's driving?

Learning with 'e's

I talk a lot about the emerging theory of paragogy and how it can be applied. by Steve Wheeler was written in Thurles, Ireland and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Audiboom blogging digital storytelling education learning Limerick Institute of Technology media paragogy pedagogy Pelecon Technology Twitter Youth Media Team