Learning by Watching: Social Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning

Origin Learning

Rather, we have stated this example to prove a point: that observation is an intrinsic human technique to learn unfamiliar tasks or behaviors – something that has been theorized by the psychologist Albert Bandura as what he called the ‘Social Cognitive Theory’. What is Social Cognitive Theory?

Cognitive Load Theory: The Key to Smarter Instructional Design

Origin Learning

What is cognitive load theory (CLT)? ‘Cognitive’ means mental and ‘load’ means burden, so this theory basically studies the mental load that the human brain faces when learning happens. This is what a schema does: it helps in shedding some of the cognitive load.

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What Are Yours? Top Ten Cognitive Biases in Learning

Dashe & Thomson

Cognitive biases – or the tendency to think in certain ways that lead to systematic deviations from a standard rationality or good judgment – color almost every aspect of our daily lives. Top Ten Cognitive Biases in Learning appeared first on Dashe & Thomson.

More on cognitive mapping

Ontuitive

Edward Tolman's influential experiments with rats in the 1940's remain highly formative for the field of cognitive psychology, and continue to shape our discussions about learning theory. How Edward Tolman's experiments shaped our theories of learning.

A Cognitive Audit?

Clark Quinn

In the recent Chief Learning Officer magazine, I wrote an article on the basics of the cognitive science of learning. And therefore, I reckon L&D needs to know the cognitive background. Not at the neural level (there’s little of impact there ), but at the cognitive level.

Working with Cognitive Load

B Online Learning

I came across a book called Efficiency in Learning: Evidence-Based Guidelines to Manage Cognitive Loadby Ruth […]. When I first started working as an eLearninginstructional designer I became interested in the learning process and how people learn.

Curiosity, cognition and content

Learning with e's

We could argue that the majority of what we 'know' derives from our ability to be able to think, to reason, to reflect, to ask questions - our higher cognitive processes. Image from Wikimedia Commons Where does knowledge come from?

The Cognitive Science Behind Learning

CLO Magazine

There are levels of analysis; neural is one, but the next level up is the cognitive level. That’s where most of the important implications come from, as well as the social level above the cognitive. The Cognitive Umbrella.

Manage Cognitive Load in Digital Learning

B Online Learning

Research into our cognitive architecture has lead to the development of Cognitive Load Theory (CLT) and related guidelines which, when applied, results in more efficient learning. Three Types of Cognitive Load. Often, it’s about reducing extraneous cognitive load.

Cognitive prostheses

Clark Quinn

While our cognitive architecture has incredible capabilities (how else could we come up with advances such as Mystery Science Theater 3000?), it also has limitations. The same adaptive capabilities that let us cope with information overload in both familiar and new ways also lead to some systematic flaws. And it led me to think about the ways in which we support these limitations, as they have implications for designing solutions for our organizations.

Six Strategies You May Not Be Using To Reduce Cognitive Load

The eLearning Coach

If the demands placed on working memory, known as cognitive load, are too high, learners may give up in frustration or fail to comprehend. […]. CognitionIn a complex world, it’s easy to get overwhelmed by a deluge of complex information.

What is cognitive load?

The eLearning Coach

Post from: The eLearning Coach What is cognitive load? COGNITIONThe fact that our working memories have a small capacity and a short duration is worthy of headline news.

The cognitive power of error

Clive on Learning

These were with cognitive neuroscientist Dr Itiel Dror talking about memory, Professor Stephen Heppell , discussing lifelong learning, and Associate Professor of Learning Technology Steve Wheeler , sharing his vision for future technologies. This is the cognitive power of error. This week I chaired three very enjoyable sessions at Learning Technologies 2013.

Situated Cognition In eLearning: What eLearning Professionals Should Know

TalentLMS

In this article, I’ll shed light on the situated cognition theory, from its core principles to tips that will help you use it in your next eLearning course. Situated cognition is based on the idea that learning is most effective when it is in context.

The Principles of eLearning (Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Design)

I Came, I Saw, I Learned

The videos are based largely on the cognitive theory of multimedia. Check out these 10 videos covering the principles of eLearning as defined by researchers including Clark and Mayer.   eLearning

Useful cognitive overhead

Clark Quinn

And I’ve realized there’s another way I leverage cognitive overhead. A famous cognitive science article talked about how diagrams are representations that map conceptual relationships to spatial ones, to use the power of our visual system to facilitate comprehension. Now, what I realized (as I was diagramming) is that the way I diagram actually leverages cognitive overhead in a productive way.

Pedagogy of Learning Design: Fostering Critical Thinking Skills with Cognitive Presence

InSync Training

In this post we''ll explore cognitive presence and roles we play on the critical inquiry path leading toward higher levels of learning. Fostering Critical Thinking Skills with Cognitive Presence.

Cognitive Reality

E-Learning Provocateur

Yet another year has come and gone at the speed of light! For me, 2016 has been the year in which the Virtual Reality rubber finally met the road, while Augmented Reality made a surprise splash into the mainstream via those pesky Pikachu.

What is a Cognitive Apprenticeship?

Kapp Notes

The concept of cognitive apprenticeship is grounded in the theory of Situated Cognition. Situated cognition is a theory of instruction that suggests learning is naturally tied to authentic activity, context, and culture. To grasp subjects, learners need much more than abstract concepts and self-contained examples, they need to be exposed to the use of the information and cognitive tools in an authentic activity.

Cyborg Thinking: Cognition, Context, and Complementation

Clark Quinn

Now map this to mobile: we want to design the best complement for our cognition. It’s my thinking that this focus on augmenting our cognition and our context with content that’s complementary is the way to optimize the uses of mobile. I’m writing a chapter about mobile trends, and one of the things I’m concluding with are the different ways we need to think to take advantage of mobile.

TMI! Cognitive Overload and Learning

Learningtogo

This is an example of what we call “cognitive overload.”. Cognitive Load Theory was introduced by John Sweller to explain why people have so much more difficulty learning complex content.

Riding the social wave: what we can learn from cognitive theory

Kineo

Cognitive Business

Clark Quinn

There are applications of cognitive science (including neuroscience, cognitive psychology, sociology, philosophy, anthropology, etc) to more areas of business than just L&D. The post Cognitive Business appeared first on Learnlets. One of my mantras is that organizations need to align better with how we think, work, and learn. However, my focus has been specifically on what L&D can be doing (as that’s the folk I mostly talk to).

Design eLearning to Reduce Cognitive (Over)Load by Pamela S. Hogle

Learning Solutions Magazine

The cognitive load of eLearning comprises many elements, some of which are controlled by instructional designers. Use these approaches to reduce cognitive load. Design Strategies Instructional Design

Fitness Training Supports Improved Cognitive Functioning in Older Adults

Will at Work Learning

A 2003 meta-analysis found that fitness training was likely to improve cognitive functioning in older adults. Fitness effects on the cognitive function of older adults: A meta-analytic study.

How to Combat Cognitive Overload with Connie Malamed #ASTDTK12

Learning Visions

high cognitive load (which leads to poor comprehension and obstructs learning) Cognitive load affected by # of interacting elements. If you present info with big words that people have to interpret, you’re imposing high cognitive load. My live notes from session at ASTDTK12 with @elearningcoach. Long term memory is like a server farm.

Organizational Cognition

Clark Quinn

A recent post on organizational cognitive load got me thinking (I like this quote: “major learning and performance initiatives will likely fail to achieve the hoped-for outcomes if we don’t consider that there is a theoretical limit to collective throughput for learning”). Individual cognitive load we address through providing resources and tools.

Cognitive Task Analysis

Clark Quinn

A technique for doing that is Cognitive Task Analysis (CTA). Based in decades of cognitive research, integrating work on mental models, expertise, and more, it provides a mechanism to try to unearth the tacit understanding experts hold. While I argue strongly for stepping away more frequently from formally structured learning, not least because we overuse it, there are times when it is crucial.

Designing eLearning for Cognitive Ease

Integrated Learnings

I recently started reading Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman, and the chapter on cognitive ease offered all sorts of implications for eLearning design. This, combined with additional discussion in the book, suggests that a bad mood creates cognitive strain, and a good mood promotes cognitive ease. Instructional Design Images eLearning Blog Workplace Learning Writing Tips eLearning Visual Design Motivation Cognitive Theory Cognitive LoadBy Shelley A.

Three Cognitive Benefits of Games

Kapp Notes

One: Challenge and Consolidation – Good games offer players a set of challenging problems and then let them solve these problems until they have virtually routinized or automated their solutions. Games then throw a new class of problem at the players requiring them to rethink their now, taken-for-granted mastery, learn something new, and integrate this new learning into their old mastery. James Paul Gee, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Unravelling The Relevance Of Social Cognitive Theory in Online Learning

ProProfs

This leads us to the theory by psychologist Albert Bandura known as the ‘Social Cognitive Theory’. What is Social Cognitive Theory? How to Apply Social Cognitive Theory to eLearning?

8 Ways To Reduce Cognitive Load In eLearning

PulseLearning

Does the cognitive load applied by your eLearning obscure key skills and knowledge information from your learners? You’ve heard the saying: you can’t see the trees for the forest.

THE LEARNING IN GAMIFICATION

Learnnovators

Gamification Gamified Learning Applied Cognitive Psychology Educational Psychology Gamification Platform Gaming Karl Kapp Learning Learnnovators Retrieval Practice Simulation Spaced RetrievalThe post THE LEARNING IN GAMIFICATION appeared first on Learnnovators.