What Are Yours? Top Ten Cognitive Biases in Learning

Social Learning

Cognitive biases – or the tendency to think in certain ways that lead to systematic deviations from a standard rationality or good judgment – color almost every aspect of our daily lives. Top Ten Cognitive Biases in Learning appeared first on Dashe & Thomson.

Learning by Watching: Social Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning

Origin Learning

Rather, we have stated this example to prove a point: that observation is an intrinsic human technique to learn unfamiliar tasks or behaviors – something that has been theorized by the psychologist Albert Bandura as what he called the ‘Social Cognitive Theory’. What is Social Cognitive Theory?

Trending Sources

Cognitive Load Theory: The Key to Smarter Instructional Design

Origin Learning

What is cognitive load theory (CLT)? ‘Cognitive’ means mental and ‘load’ means burden, so this theory basically studies the mental load that the human brain faces when learning happens. This is what a schema does: it helps in shedding some of the cognitive load.

More on cognitive mapping


Edward Tolman's influential experiments with rats in the 1940's remain highly formative for the field of cognitive psychology, and continue to shape our discussions about learning theory. How Edward Tolman's experiments shaped our theories of learning.

Working with Cognitive Load

B Online Learning

I came across a book called Efficiency in Learning: Evidence-Based Guidelines to Manage Cognitive Loadby Ruth […]. When I first started working as an eLearninginstructional designer I became interested in the learning process and how people learn.

The Cognitive Science Behind Learning

CLO Magazine

There are levels of analysis; neural is one, but the next level up is the cognitive level. That’s where most of the important implications come from, as well as the social level above the cognitive. The Cognitive Umbrella.

Six Strategies You May Not Be Using To Reduce Cognitive Load

The eLearning Coach

If the demands placed on working memory, known as cognitive load, are too high, learners may give up in frustration or fail to comprehend. […]. CognitionIn a complex world, it’s easy to get overwhelmed by a deluge of complex information.

Cognitive prostheses

Clark Quinn

While our cognitive architecture has incredible capabilities (how else could we come up with advances such as Mystery Science Theater 3000?), it also has limitations. The same adaptive capabilities that let us cope with information overload in both familiar and new ways also lead to some systematic flaws. And it led me to think about the ways in which we support these limitations, as they have implications for designing solutions for our organizations.

What is cognitive load?

The eLearning Coach

Post from: The eLearning Coach What is cognitive load? COGNITIONThe fact that our working memories have a small capacity and a short duration is worthy of headline news.

The cognitive power of error

Clive on Learning

These were with cognitive neuroscientist Dr Itiel Dror talking about memory, Professor Stephen Heppell , discussing lifelong learning, and Associate Professor of Learning Technology Steve Wheeler , sharing his vision for future technologies. This is the cognitive power of error. This week I chaired three very enjoyable sessions at Learning Technologies 2013.

Situated Cognition In eLearning: What eLearning Professionals Should Know


In this article, I’ll shed light on the situated cognition theory, from its core principles to tips that will help you use it in your next eLearning course. Situated cognition is based on the idea that learning is most effective when it is in context.

The Principles of eLearning (Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Design)

I Came, I Saw, I Learned

The videos are based largely on the cognitive theory of multimedia. Check out these 10 videos covering the principles of eLearning as defined by researchers including Clark and Mayer.   eLearning

Useful cognitive overhead

Clark Quinn

And I’ve realized there’s another way I leverage cognitive overhead. A famous cognitive science article talked about how diagrams are representations that map conceptual relationships to spatial ones, to use the power of our visual system to facilitate comprehension. Now, what I realized (as I was diagramming) is that the way I diagram actually leverages cognitive overhead in a productive way.

Cognitive Reality

E-Learning Provocateur

Yet another year has come and gone at the speed of light! For me, 2016 has been the year in which the Virtual Reality rubber finally met the road, while Augmented Reality made a surprise splash into the mainstream via those pesky Pikachu.

Pedagogy of Learning Design: Fostering Critical Thinking Skills with Cognitive Presence

InSync Training

In this post we''ll explore cognitive presence and roles we play on the critical inquiry path leading toward higher levels of learning. Fostering Critical Thinking Skills with Cognitive Presence.

Cyborg Thinking: Cognition, Context, and Complementation

Clark Quinn

Now map this to mobile: we want to design the best complement for our cognition. It’s my thinking that this focus on augmenting our cognition and our context with content that’s complementary is the way to optimize the uses of mobile. I’m writing a chapter about mobile trends, and one of the things I’m concluding with are the different ways we need to think to take advantage of mobile.

What is a Cognitive Apprenticeship?

Kapp Notes

The concept of cognitive apprenticeship is grounded in the theory of Situated Cognition. Situated cognition is a theory of instruction that suggests learning is naturally tied to authentic activity, context, and culture. To grasp subjects, learners need much more than abstract concepts and self-contained examples, they need to be exposed to the use of the information and cognitive tools in an authentic activity.

Fitness Training Supports Improved Cognitive Functioning in Older Adults

Will at Work Learning

A 2003 meta-analysis found that fitness training was likely to improve cognitive functioning in older adults. Fitness effects on the cognitive function of older adults: A meta-analytic study.

Riding the social wave: what we can learn from cognitive theory


Design eLearning to Reduce Cognitive (Over)Load by Pamela S. Hogle

Learning Solutions Magazine

The cognitive load of eLearning comprises many elements, some of which are controlled by instructional designers. Use these approaches to reduce cognitive load. Design Strategies Instructional Design

Cognitive Business

Clark Quinn

There are applications of cognitive science (including neuroscience, cognitive psychology, sociology, philosophy, anthropology, etc) to more areas of business than just L&D. The post Cognitive Business appeared first on Learnlets. One of my mantras is that organizations need to align better with how we think, work, and learn. However, my focus has been specifically on what L&D can be doing (as that’s the folk I mostly talk to).

How to Combat Cognitive Overload with Connie Malamed #ASTDTK12

Learning Visions

high cognitive load (which leads to poor comprehension and obstructs learning) Cognitive load affected by # of interacting elements. If you present info with big words that people have to interpret, you’re imposing high cognitive load. My live notes from session at ASTDTK12 with @elearningcoach. Long term memory is like a server farm.

Effects of Burnout on the Brain and on Cognitive Performance

Will at Work Learning

Great Article: Burnout and the Brain by Alexandra Michel, writing in The Observer, a publication of The Association for Psychological Science. Article link is here. Major Findings: Stress may cause changes in the brain. Stress may cause problems with: attention. memory. creativity. problem-solving. working-memory problems in general. Will's Caveats: Studies were mostly correlational, so not clear whether there is cause-and-effect relationship.

Organizational Cognition

Clark Quinn

A recent post on organizational cognitive load got me thinking (I like this quote: “major learning and performance initiatives will likely fail to achieve the hoped-for outcomes if we don’t consider that there is a theoretical limit to collective throughput for learning”). Individual cognitive load we address through providing resources and tools.

Cognitive Task Analysis

Clark Quinn

A technique for doing that is Cognitive Task Analysis (CTA). Based in decades of cognitive research, integrating work on mental models, expertise, and more, it provides a mechanism to try to unearth the tacit understanding experts hold. While I argue strongly for stepping away more frequently from formally structured learning, not least because we overuse it, there are times when it is crucial.

8 Ways To Reduce Cognitive Load In eLearning


Does the cognitive load applied by your eLearning obscure key skills and knowledge information from your learners? You’ve heard the saying: you can’t see the trees for the forest.

Designing eLearning for Cognitive Ease

Integrated Learnings

I recently started reading Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman, and the chapter on cognitive ease offered all sorts of implications for eLearning design. This, combined with additional discussion in the book, suggests that a bad mood creates cognitive strain, and a good mood promotes cognitive ease. Instructional Design Images eLearning Blog Workplace Learning Writing Tips eLearning Visual Design Motivation Cognitive Theory Cognitive LoadBy Shelley A.

Managing Cognitive Load is a Delicate Act of Balance

SHIFT eLearning

Cognitive load. We have to be on top of the cognitive load aimed at us in our daily lives, else we would be lost in the maze of useless information. Learn about the cognitive load that could creep up in your course (unknowingly, of course) and how to manage it What''s that?

Three Cognitive Benefits of Games

Kapp Notes

One: Challenge and Consolidation – Good games offer players a set of challenging problems and then let them solve these problems until they have virtually routinized or automated their solutions. Games then throw a new class of problem at the players requiring them to rethink their now, taken-for-granted mastery, learn something new, and integrate this new learning into their old mastery. James Paul Gee, University of Wisconsin-Madison.



Gamification Gamified Learning Applied Cognitive Psychology Educational Psychology Gamification Platform Gaming Karl Kapp Learning Learnnovators Retrieval Practice Simulation Spaced RetrievalThe post THE LEARNING IN GAMIFICATION appeared first on Learnnovators.

The principles of eLearning (cognitive theory of multimedia design)

Adobe Captivate

I did a ten part series on the principles of eLearning as defined by researchers including Clark and Mayer and based largely on the cognitive theory of multimedia. Often people ask me about how to access the eSeminar recordings so this blog entry is to provide a shortcut for folks looking to watch the seminars. [.]. Conferences and events eLearning this week How do I. Rapid Authoring Training and Tutorials Whats new "Elearning authoring tools" eSeminar Events Partridge

Bloom's Revised Taxonomy: Cognitive processes and levels of knowledge matrix

Big Dog, Little Dog

While Bloom''s original cognitive taxonomy did mention three levels of knowledge or products that could be processed (shown below), they were not discussed very much and remained one-dimensional. In Krathwohl and Anderson''s revised version, the authors combine the cognitive processes with the above three levels of knowledge to form a matrix. Thus the matrix might look similar to this: The Cognitive Dimension. Cognitive Domain. Revised Taxonomy of the Cognitive Domain.

Buzzword Decoder: Cognitive Load by Pamela S. Hogle

Learning Solutions Magazine

Cognitive load—and cognitive overload—describe the way learners’ brains process information. Awareness of the limitations and what affects learning—positively and negatively—is essential to instructional designers. Instructional Design Learning Media Project Management

The Microlearning Trend: Accommodating Cultural and Cognitive Shifts by Jeff Fernandez

Learning Solutions Magazine

As the half-life of knowledge grows shorter, it is becoming harder for learning and development, including eLearning, to. up with the demands placed on it. Attention spans are also getting shorter, and it isn’t enough to consolidate content down. a day instead of a week or to reduce to 90 minutes what used to be a three-hour-long training session. Is microlearning. answer? Design Strategies Emerging Topics Learning Media Training Strategies