7 Practical Guidelines From Cognitive Science for eLearning

eLearning Brothers

Cognitive science research on learning, behavior change, and the development of expertise has provided a wealth of information. Unfortunately, much of that wisdom is locked in scholarly journal articles and dense—dare I say boring?—books,

Social Cognitive Processing

Clark Quinn

In an earlier post , I tried to convey the advantages of social activities in formal learning from the cognitive processing perspective, but my diagram apparently didn’t work for everyone.

The Top 3 US Brain and Cognitive Science University Programs


From marketing to education, neuroscience, cognitive science, and behavioral experts are in high demand in the corporate world. Universities across the country are rising to the occasion by offering programs that focus heavily on behavioral and cognitive science.

Aging. Can We Enhance People's Cognitive Outcomes?

Work Learning

If you work in the workplace learning-and-performance field, one of your jobs is to ensure that employees are maximizing their cognitive performance, their decision making, and their overall work output. If people's cognitive abilities decreased with age, that would be a problem.

Cognitive Age, Training, Memory, Instructional Technologies, & Captcha

Big Dog, Little Dog

The Cognitive Age - New York Times. We're moving into a more demanding cognitive age. But the cognitive age paradigm emphasizes psychology, culture and pedagogy - the specific processes that foster learning.

Management 3.0, Cognitive Load, Prototyping, Objects, Audio, & Broken

Big Dog, Little Dog

Reducing Extraneous Cognitive Load by Accounting for Individual Differences - Rob Barton. Luckily, a wide range of techniques employed in information architecture, journalism, usability engineering and interface design are available. Management 3.0 - Here We Are. Now What?

Deeper learning

Learning with e's

Craik and Lockhart claimed that the deeper the processing, the stronger will be the trace of that memory, and thus recall will take less cognitive effort. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior , 11 (6), 671-684. This is number 5 in my blog series on major learning theories.

Writing to Educate and Entertain: What Would Stephen King Do?

Integrated Learnings

Iverson in the August 2009 issue of Performance Improvement Journal. Tags: Instructional Design Scenario-Based Learning Storytelling eLearning Cognitive Theory By Shelley A Gable. When you write content for eLearning, do you think of it as technical communication? Creative writing? Something else entirely? I recently read an article called "The Write Brain: How to Educate and Entertain with Learner-Centered Writing" by Kathleen M.

Can Doodling Actually Enhance Training? Apparently, Yes


An April 24 Wall Street Journal article pointed out that several high-tech companies like Facebook are responding to a growing body of evidence that suggests that doodling — sketching ideas out graphically, even if crudely — can simplify communication, fuel collaboration, and help generate new ideas.

CSU Resources

Kapp Notes

Cognition and Instruction , 5(4), 289-309. Cognitive and affective process analyses (pp. Journal of Educational Psychology, 88, 715-730. Applied Cognitive Psychology. Applied Cognitive Psychology. Journal of Experimental Psychology Applied.

What matters is the question not the content: “One Idea + One Learning” = “Contexsual Learning”

Vignettes Learning

storytelling mentoring cognition stories tacit knowledge core capabilities informal learning adult learningSynthesis: Contexsual Learning involves experts’, learning facilitators’ and learners’ participation to address technical learning issues.

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Definition: Metacognition

Kapp Notes

What people know about how (their own) cognitive processes operate is termed metacognition (cognition about cognitive processes). information as cited by Lawanto, 2010) It has also been defined as a process by which the brain organizes and monitors cognitive resources.

Abstracts of Three Meta-Analysis Studies of Serious Games

Kapp Notes

A Meta-Analysis of the Cognitive and Motivational Effects of Serious Games. Journal of. It is assumed that serious games influences learning in 2 ways, by changing cognitive processes and. A meta-analysis is a study of studies.

Twitter’s Impact on Your Brain-Same as Bilingualism

Kapp Notes

Bilingual people aren’t cognitively smarter, but they are more cognitively flexible,” she added. Practice at constant switching improves an aspect of their cognitive abilities. This according to a post on the Wall Street Journal’s blog titled Social Media’s Effect on Learning by Maureen Scarpelli.

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Eight Predictions for 2017!


Artistic expression and cognition are connected in ways we are only beginning to understand. Margie Meacham, “The Brain Lady” Shows Everyone How to Push the “Genius Button” in The Genius Journal.

Your Workplace Can’t Be Dull or Dirty

CLO Magazine

That’s not doing you or your fellow employees’ brain health any favors, according to a study published last month in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Designing with science

Clark Quinn

And, of course, you can also go right to the pure journals, like Instructional Science, and Learning Sciences, and the like, if you are fluent in academese. How should we design? It’s all well and good to spout principles, but putting them into practice is another thing.

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Next Button: Yay or Nay? A Research Perspective on a "Pointed" Question

Patti Shank

Cognitive load theory and the format of instruction. Cognition and Instruction, 8, 293-332. Journal of Educational Psychology, 93 (2), 390-397. Research offers important clues to difficult and complex questions.

Learning Techniques Used by Actors Can Improve Your Memory

Marcia Conner

Cognitive psychologist say a learning principle used by actors can be used to improve the memory of non-actors. From "What Studies of Actors and Acting Can Tell Us About Memory and Cognitive Functioning." Current Directions in Psychological Science, a journal Interested in improving your memory? Learn from actors how to actively experience.

5 Guidelines for Using Your Phone at Work


The Journal of the Association of Consumer Research published a study in 2017 that showed the very presence of your phone at work (even when it’s powered off) “reduces available cognitive capacity.” You actually have to devote some of your cognitive resources to resisting.”.

Three Guidelines for Effectively Integrating Games in the Classroom

Kapp Notes

A Meta-Analysis of the Cognitive and Motivational Effects of Serious Games. Journal of Educational Psychology.

Spaced Retrieval, Retrieval Practice, and Knowledge Guru: What Research Tells Us

Knowledge Guru

The researchers concluded: The present results… highlight the specific cognitive mechanism by which testing can facilitate learning. Applied Cognitive Psychology 19: 619–636, 2005. Applied Cognitive Psychology 14: 215–235, 2000.

Donald Clark: Algorithmic/Adaptive Learning #DevLearn

Learning Visions

Roger Schank’s PhD systems went Journalism: algorithms more powerful than news editors. Hopping : hoping between levels from easy, medium, hard Cognitive spread – items spread on next few days to smooth out workload…if you miss a day of work, then it spreads that out over the next few days, it doesn’t just shove your mixed work into the next day.

Microlearning Madness: 25 Great Resources

Knowledge Guru

Why companies are moving to microlearning platforms for training, Simon T Bailey, The Business Journals ( Link ). The MicroLearning trend: Accommodating cultural and cognitive shifts – Jeff Fernandez, Learning Solutions Magazine ( Link ).

Abstracts of Three Studies Related to Pedagogical Agents

Kapp Notes

Journal Of Educational Computing Research, 49(1), 1-39. Journal Of Educational Technology & Society, 16(4), 275-286. Journal Of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 18(3), 239-252.

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Your Brain on Boredom and How You Can Get Motivated Again


A study published in the journal Brain and Cognition offers evidence to support their definition. According to recent research in the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, white noise can help you stay focused. Got that feeling? Fight boredom with brain-friendly strategies.

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This Is Your Learner’s Brain on Coffee


One study published in the Journal of Applied Psychology found that regular caffeine use in the workplace can make our behavior more ethical, especially if we are a little sleep-deprived. It’s been called “ America’s number one drug problem ” and “ a miracle drug for the tired.”

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A Different Perspective on Training: Help Employees Build Stronger Mental Models of Their Work


Although it’s not clear that mental models are the only cognitive mechanism we have for making decisions, we often act according to these constructs. If you’re not an educator or cognitive researcher, you may not have given much thought to mental models before.

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Brain science for learning: 10 experts to follow

Sponge UK

Cognitive science (often called brain science) is an exciting field of study that covers many disciplines. Dr Itiel Dror Senior Cognitive Neuroscience Researcher at University College London, Dr Itiel Dror’s research has featured in The Economist and the journal, Nature.

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Keynote Resources from #LUC2017

Kapp Notes

Try to build cognitive curiosity by making learners believe their knowledge structures are inconsistent or incomplete. In fact, research indicates that fantasy provides cognitive emotional and motivational advantages for learning (Malone, 1981). Applied Cognitive Psychology.

Singapore Learning Symposium Resources #SLS2013

Kapp Notes

A Meta-Analysis of the Cognitive and Motivational Effects of Serious Games. Journal of Educational Psychology. Also referenced was research about games and cognition supported by a grant from DSO National Laboratories , Singapore.

Questions of the Week

The Logical Blog by IconLogic

Journal of Educational Psychology, 94, 428-434. Cognitive constraints on multimedia learning: When presenting more material results in less understanding. Journal of Educational Psychology , 93, 187-198. Journal of Educational Psychology , 94, 156-163. Nine ways to reduce cognitive load in multimedia learning. Adobe Captivate: Can I Stop The Presentation From Continuing After a Web Link?

Getting Into the Flow: How Casual Games Increase Learning Engagement


Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 15(3), 41-63. Cognitive and neural mechanisms of emotional memory. Trends in cognitive sciences, 5(9), 394-400. People are more disengaged than ever.

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How do You Know if You’ve Really Learned Something? 4 Ways to Measure Mastery


Our mental models continue to develop over time and become more sophisticated and accurate, but it seems that in order to use any new information, we need to have some basic cognitive structure available or we’d constantly have to look up the rules for whatever we’re trying to accomplish.

Does audio narration help eLearners?


The first, cognitive load theory (see Sweller & Chandler, 1994 to learn more) states that our working memory may be overburdened when multiple sources of information must be assimilated simultaneously. Generally, increasing the cognitive load from multiple, redundant information channels, decreases learning efficiency. The cognitive theory of multimedia learning suggests that there are two information channels, visual and auditory, that can process in parallel streams.

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Competition & Cooperation in Gamification

Kapp Notes

A Meta-Analysis of the Cognitive and Motivational Effects of Serious Games. Journal of Educational Psychology. Some thoughts on competition and cooperation for learning within the context of gamification. For more information on content and structural gamification, click HERE. Competition. Competition is often associated with structural gamification.

Five Reasons Learners Experience the Spacing Effect

Work Learning

Nevertheless, it does show the complexity of spacing at a cognitive level. Journal of Memory and Language, 52 , 566-577. Journal of Cognitive Psychology , 28 (6), 684-706. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition , 42 (6), 978-984. The spacing effect, if not the most studied learning factor, is certainly in the top five.


Kapp Notes

In fact, Michael Grahame Moore editor of the American Journal of Distance Education, writes that interactivity between a learner and the content is “the defining characteristic of education. Without it there cannot be education, since it is the process of intellectually interacting with content that results in changes in the learner’s understanding, the learner’s perspective, or the cognitive structures of the learner’s mind [1].”. The Advantages of Interactivity.

Creating Social Presence in Online Classroom (ID Live on EdTechTalk)

Learning Visions

Journal of Distance Education, 14(2), 50-71. The function of this element is to support the cognitive and affective objectives of learning. Social presence supports cognitive objectives through its ability to instigate, sustain, and support critical thinking in a community of learners" (p. There are three elements to community of inquiry framework: Social Presence Cognitive Presence (next week’s ID Live!)

Workplace Bullying Could Be Harmful to Heart Health


The European Heart Journal published the study’s findings Monday. “Stress-reduction skills training include such techniques as progressive muscle relaxation, mindfulness skills training, cognitive behavioral skills training, biofeedback, yoga and similar skills,” Reisinger said.