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What Are Yours? Top Ten Cognitive Biases in Learning

Social Learning

Cognitive biases – or the tendency to think in certain ways that lead to systematic deviations from a standard rationality or good judgment – color almost every aspect of our daily lives. Top Ten Cognitive Biases in Learning appeared first on Dashe & Thomson. Learning Motivation Training Training Development cognitive bias

Learning and Cognitive Load

B Online Learning

In a previous post, I looked at the fundamentals of cognitive load theory. In summary, to assist learners in transferring information from their working memory to their long-term memory, we need to present the information in such a way that it reduces extraneous cognitive load (non-relevant items) and, if possible, increases germane cognitive load (items […].

Learning by Watching: Social Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning

Origin Learning

Rather, we have stated this example to prove a point: that observation is an intrinsic human technique to learn unfamiliar tasks or behaviors – something that has been theorized by the psychologist Albert Bandura as what he called the ‘Social Cognitive Theory’. What is Social Cognitive Theory? The Social Cognitive Theory creates an interesting opportunity for observational learning.

More on cognitive mapping


Edward Tolman's influential experiments with rats in the 1940's remain highly formative for the field of cognitive psychology, and continue to shape our discussions about learning theory. suggested in the last blog post that his map analogies for cognitive processing might be another helpful way for us to think through "desirable difficulties" as an approach to learning.

The Cognitive Science Behind Learning

CLO Magazine

There are levels of analysis; neural is one, but the next level up is the cognitive level. That’s where most of the important implications come from, as well as the social level above the cognitive. The Cognitive Umbrella. There we’ve already transcended the neural level and moved into the cognitive level. It’s the same with learning. This understanding isn’t simple.

Cognitive prostheses

Clark Quinn

While our cognitive architecture has incredible capabilities (how else could we come up with advances such as Mystery Science Theater 3000?), it also has limitations. The same adaptive capabilities that let us cope with information overload in both familiar and new ways also lead to some systematic flaws. And it led me to think about the ways in which we support these limitations, as they have implications for designing solutions for our organizations. The first limit is at the sensory level. Basically, your brain fills in the rest (which leaves open the opportunity to make mistakes).

Six Strategies You May Not Be Using To Reduce Cognitive Load

The eLearning Coach

If the demands placed on working memory, known as cognitive load, are too high, learners may give up in frustration or fail to comprehend. […]. CognitionIn a complex world, it’s easy to get overwhelmed by a deluge of complex information. This shouldn’t be surprising, as working memory (our mental work space), has a limited capacity for processing information.

What is cognitive load?

The eLearning Coach

Post from: The eLearning Coach What is cognitive load? COGNITIONThe fact that our working memories have a small capacity and a short duration is worthy of headline news.

Situated Cognition In eLearning: What eLearning Professionals Should Know


In this article, I’ll shed light on the situated cognition theory, from its core principles to tips that will help you use it in your next eLearning course. Situated cognition is based on the idea that learning is most effective when it is in context. Cognitive Apprenticeships and communities of practice also go hand-in-hand with situated cognition. According to J.

The cognitive power of error

Clive on Learning

These were with cognitive neuroscientist Dr Itiel Dror talking about memory, Professor Stephen Heppell , discussing lifelong learning, and Associate Professor of Learning Technology Steve Wheeler , sharing his vision for future technologies. This is the cognitive power of error. This week I chaired three very enjoyable sessions at Learning Technologies 2013. like chairing sessions because they give me the chance to really immerse myself in the subjects, without any distractions for an hour at a time. By definition, these cannot be predicted in advance and codified with rules.

Useful cognitive overhead

Clark Quinn

And I’ve realized there’s another way I leverage cognitive overhead. As background, I diagram.  It’s one of the methods I use to reflect.  A famous cognitive science article talked about how diagrams are representations that map conceptual relationships to spatial ones, to use the power of our visual system to facilitate comprehension. As I’ve reported before , I started mind mapping keynotes not as a function of filling the blog, but for listening better. only posted it because I thought I should do  something with it! design meta-learning

Cognitive Reality

E-Learning Provocateur

Yet another year has come and gone at the speed of light! For me, 2016 has been the year in which the Virtual Reality rubber finally met the road, while Augmented Reality made a surprise splash into the mainstream via those pesky Pikachu. As a consequence, VR & AR dominated much of my blogging attention this year. But they weren’t the be-all-and-end-all of the e-learning universe. Psst…!

The Principles of eLearning (Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Design)

I Came, I Saw, I Learned

The videos are based largely on the cognitive theory of multimedia. Check out these 10 videos covering the principles of eLearning as defined by researchers including Clark and Mayer.   eLearning

Fitness Training Supports Improved Cognitive Functioning in Older Adults

Will at Work Learning

A 2003 meta-analysis found that fitness training was likely to improve cognitive functioning in older adults. They categorized measures of cognitive functioning into four categories as depicted above in the graph, including: Executive functioning (the ability to plan, schedule, and generally engage in high-level decision-making). Speed processing (the ability to make quick reactions).

Cyborg Thinking: Cognition, Context, and Complementation

Clark Quinn

Now map this to mobile: we want to design the best complement for our cognition. It’s my thinking that this focus on augmenting our cognition and our context with content that’s complementary is the way to optimize the uses of mobile. I’m writing a chapter about mobile trends, and one of the things I’m concluding with are the different ways we need to think to take advantage of mobile. The first one emerged as I wrote and kind of surprised me, but I think there’s merit. Digital technology is the exact opposite. Consider chess. design mobile

Pedagogy of Learning Design: Fostering Critical Thinking Skills with Cognitive Presence

InSync Training

In this post we''ll explore cognitive presence and roles we play on the critical inquiry path leading toward higher levels of learning. Fostering Critical Thinking Skills with Cognitive Presence. This installment will focus on cognitive presence and a practical inquiry approach to helping our learners acquire knowledge and confirm understanding. Pedagogy

What is a Cognitive Apprenticeship?

Kapp Notes

The concept of cognitive apprenticeship is grounded in the theory of Situated Cognition. Situated cognition is a theory of instruction that suggests learning is naturally tied to authentic activity, context, and culture. To grasp subjects, learners need much more than abstract concepts and self-contained examples, they need to be exposed to the use of the information and cognitive tools in an authentic activity. The answer to the problem of immersing the learner in an authentic learning experience is to create a cognitive apprenticeship.

Cognitive Business

Clark Quinn

There are applications of cognitive science (including neuroscience, cognitive psychology, sociology, philosophy, anthropology, etc) to more areas of business than just L&D. The post Cognitive Business appeared first on Learnlets. One of my mantras is that organizations need to align better with how we think, work, and learn. However, my focus has been specifically on what L&D can be doing (as that’s the folk I mostly talk to). But it occurs to me that it really goes farther. And similarly, the notion that our thinking is both situated (e.g.

Effects of Burnout on the Brain and on Cognitive Performance

Will at Work Learning

Great Article: Burnout and the Brain by Alexandra Michel, writing in The Observer, a publication of The Association for Psychological Science. Article link is here. Major Findings: Stress may cause changes in the brain. Stress may cause problems with: attention. memory. creativity. problem-solving. working-memory problems in general. Will's Caveats: Studies were mostly correlational, so not clear whether there is cause-and-effect relationship. Defining Stress: Stress is NOT caused just by working long hours. Learning-and-Performance Ramifications.

8 Ways To Reduce Cognitive Load In eLearning


Does the cognitive load applied by your eLearning obscure key skills and knowledge information from your learners? You’ve heard the saying: you can’t see the trees for the forest. We live in the information age and most of us are swamped from the moment we wake up, so it’s important that your eLearning doesn’t add […].

How to Combat Cognitive Overload with Connie Malamed #ASTDTK12

Learning Visions

high cognitive load (which leads to poor comprehension and obstructs learning) Cognitive load affected by # of interacting elements. Ways to combat cognitive overload: Make the learning meaningful – so they can understand it, make it relevant to what you’re doing in the workplace, connected to the network of schemas) Help create schemas – refer to previous knowledge because it’s like giving them free schemas – so they can build on something they already know – always remind learners of what they already know. My live notes from session at ASTDTK12 with @elearningcoach.

Organizational Cognition

Clark Quinn

A recent post on organizational cognitive load got me thinking (I like this quote: “major learning and performance initiatives will likely fail to achieve the hoped-for outcomes if we don’t consider that there is a theoretical limit to collective throughput for learning”). I do believe organizations have distributed thinking that they apply to solving problems. Individual cognitive load we address through providing resources and tools. Usually this is individual, but how might it be greater than that? There’s lots of thinking going on, in many ways.

Cognitive Task Analysis

Clark Quinn

technique for doing that is Cognitive Task Analysis (CTA). Based in decades of cognitive research, integrating work on mental models, expertise, and more, it provides a mechanism to try to unearth the tacit understanding experts hold. While I argue strongly for stepping away more frequently from formally structured learning, not least because we overuse it, there are times when it is crucial.  As naysayers of informal learning like to point out, you wouldn’t want your pilot or heart surgeon to have picked up the task by reading a book. That’s another layer.

Designing eLearning for Cognitive Ease

Integrated Learnings

recently started reading Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman, and the chapter on cognitive ease offered all sorts of implications for eLearning design. This, combined with additional discussion in the book, suggests that a bad mood creates cognitive strain, and a good mood promotes cognitive ease. Instructional Design Images eLearning Blog Workplace Learning Writing Tips eLearning Visual Design Motivation Cognitive Theory Cognitive LoadBy Shelley A. Gable. Promote a good mood. that create a warm, positive tone. Create clean visuals. If so, please share!



Gamification Gamified Learning Applied Cognitive Psychology Educational Psychology Gamification Platform Gaming Karl Kapp Learning Learnnovators Retrieval Practice Simulation Spaced RetrievalThe post THE LEARNING IN GAMIFICATION appeared first on Learnnovators.

Three Cognitive Benefits of Games

Kapp Notes

One: Challenge and Consolidation – Good games offer players a set of challenging problems and then let them solve these problems until they have virtually routinized or automated their solutions. Games then throw a new class of problem at the players requiring them to rethink their now, taken-for-granted mastery, learn something new, and integrate this new learning into their old mastery. James Paul Gee, University of Wisconsin-Madison. For example: In the 1970′s BP created a board game in which one of the scenarios was a catastrophic oil spill. Drill and practice becomes less tedious.

The principles of eLearning (cognitive theory of multimedia design)

Adobe Captivate

I did a ten part series on the principles of eLearning as defined by researchers including Clark and Mayer and based largely on the cognitive theory of multimedia. Often people ask me about how to access the eSeminar recordings so this blog entry is to provide a shortcut for folks looking to watch the seminars. [.]. Conferences and events eLearning this week How do I. Rapid Authoring Training and Tutorials Whats new "Elearning authoring tools" eSeminar Events Partridge

Managing Cognitive Load is a Delicate Act of Balance

SHIFT eLearning

Cognitive load. We have to be on top of the cognitive load aimed at us in our daily lives, else we would be lost in the maze of useless information. Learn about the cognitive load that could creep up in your course (unknowingly, of course) and how to manage it What''s that? You may not be aware of the jargon, but you are up to your neck in it!

Bloom's Revised Taxonomy: Cognitive processes and levels of knowledge matrix

Big Dog, Little Dog

While Bloom''s original cognitive taxonomy did mention three levels of knowledge or products that could be processed (shown below), they were not discussed very much and remained one-dimensional. In Krathwohl and Anderson''s revised version, the authors combine the cognitive processes with the above three levels of knowledge to form a matrix. In addition they added another level of knowledge - metacognition: Metacognitive  – Knowledge of cognition in general, as well as awareness and knowledge of one’s own cognition. . Cognitive Domain. Remember. Understand.

Riding the social wave: what we can learn from cognitive theory


The Microlearning Trend: Accommodating Cultural and Cognitive Shifts by Jeff Fernandez

Learning Solutions Magazine

As the half-life of knowledge grows shorter, it is becoming harder for learning and development, including eLearning, to. up with the demands placed on it. Attention spans are also getting shorter, and it isn’t enough to consolidate content down. to. a day instead of a week or to reduce to 90 minutes what used to be a three-hour-long training session. Is microlearning. answer? Design Strategies Emerging Topics Learning Media Training Strategies

Cognitive Apprenticeship: Develop the Thinking for Outcomes Needed in Today's Workplace by Clark N. Quinn

Learning Solutions Magazine

There is growing evidence that today’s learning, focused on presenting information and testing knowledge, is ineffective. when it comes to producing meaningful outcomes for business. Is there a better way to create learning experiences? Clark Quinn lays out a fundamental model that incorporates the ways people naturally learn, together with some extensions. he has found effective. Emerging Topics Instructional Design Training Strategies

Self-Directed Learning In The Workplace

The eLearning Coach

CognitionSelf-directed learning is one way to reduce the effort and cost of building training. It also has long-term benefits to employees and organizations.

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The Top 3 US Brain and Cognitive Science University Programs


From marketing to education, neuroscience, cognitive science, and behavioral experts are in high demand in the corporate world. Universities across the country are rising to the occasion by offering programs that focus heavily on behavioral and cognitive science. NYU: Cognition and Perception Doctoral Program. Columbia University: Doctoral Program in Neurobiology and Behavior.